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Transcript of HAMLET
of Hamlet, refelcts the
anxieties of man
and, taking off his life after getting revenge for his father's death, leads us to ask what is the death.
because everything is extreme in him and has an high conception of existence. It could be considered a
because this type of hero is affected by sufferings of life but with a profound interiority.
INTRODUCTION & HISTORICAL CONTEXT
The Denmark's king is dead.
The queen, Gertrude, has married the king's brother: Claudius.
The dead king's son, Hamlet, saw his father's ghost that told him that Claudius was the guilty of his murder and asked Hamlet to take revenge.
Claudius understood that Hamlet knew that the murder of his father was comitted by him so he tried to distance his nephew.
By mistake, Hamlet killed Polonius, the father of Ophelia, who Hamlet loved.
Ophelia got insane or his father's death and killed herself.
Ophelia's brother, Laertes, wanted revenge and the king used him to murder Hamlet.
Hamlet and Laertes met in a duel where the Laertes' spoil was poisoned.
The queen drank from a poisoned cup of wine, wich was addressed to Hamlet, and died.
In this duel, Hamlet killed Laertes and the king.
At the end, Hamlet died because the Laertes' poisoned spoil wounded him.
: the prince of Denmark. Son of the queen Gertrude and the died king Hamlet and the nephew of the present king Claudius. The protagonist of the story.
: the Denmark's king, Hamlet's uncle and the antagonist in the story.
: Denmark's queen, Hamlet's mother and recently married with Claudius.
: the specter of Hamlet's father. The ghost reveals to Hamlet the truth about his murder.
: Lartes and Ophelia's father killed by mistake from Hamlet.
: Polonius' daughter, a beutiful young girl who is in love with Hamlet.
: Polonius' son and Ophelia's brother, a young man who spends much of the time in France.
: Hamlet's close friend. He helps and suggests Hamlet. When Hamlet dies is Horatio that transmits the Hamlet's story.
THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION
WHY DID SHAKESPEARE WRITE HAMLET?
WHERE DID THE STORY COME FROM?
Horatio for Hamlet is a companion in a unfortunate venture. He's a shoulder, not a guide in the dark.
"Give me that man
That is not passion's slave,and I will wear him
In my heart's core, ay, in my heart of heart,
As I do thee"
VISION OF THE GHOST
The ghost’s vision is among the clouds
of a dark night. The atmosphere is
mysterious and fearful.
"Adieu,adieu, adieu. Rember me".
"reveange his foul and most unnatural murder"
He is the modern man because he , he asks questions, he wants to understand and go trough everything. This makes inside of him a sense of MISTERY.
How should the man reach truth? The Madness is a safe shelter. Hamlet acts urged by the vision of a ghost.
"TO BE OR NOT TO BE"
"Who would bear the whips and the injury, the wrongs of oppression, the insults of the arrogant, the pains of despised love, the delays of injustice, the insolence of power, when he could kill himself without suffering? "
Hamlet says that we're afraid of existence of something after death.
All the tragedy is a discussion of Hamlet with his awareness, and that's "only" a big question:
"Whereto serves mercy
But to confront the visage to offence? "
"Yet what can it when one cannot repent?
O, wretched state!
O limed soul, that struggling to be free
Art more engaged! Help, angels!Make assay.
Bow stubborn knees, and, heart with strings of steel, be soft as sinews of the new-born babe.
All may be well".
Uncertainty. Hamlet wishes to avenge his father and punish both his mother and uncle, but he does not know the moral or proper way to achieve justice.
It came from the Denmark's legend of "Amlethi" written by Saxo Grammaticus.
He wrote this play to criticize implicitly the English monarchy of the time.
Hamlet for his father against Claudius
Laertes for his father Polonius against Hamlet himself.
" To hell allegiance! Vows to the blackest devil!
Coscience and grace to e prouidest pit!
I dare damnation. To this point I stand,
That both the worlds I give to negligence,
Let come what comes, only I'll be revenged
Most throughly for my father".
-He listens only his instinctive impulse of killing his father's murder. His reaction is radically different from Hamlet's one because he was more reflective and morally deep.
Shakespeare highlights the inability of Hamlet to take action, the author uses the delay to build Hamlet’s emotional and psychological complexity.
ex. Hamlet has the opportunity to kill Claudius in Act 3. He draws his sword, but is concerned that Claudius will go to heaven if killed while praying.