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Transcript of Social Darwinism
-Only strongest and fittest survive while poor die
- "Sole objective of a race is its physical, economic and political development. Individuals' happiness, well-being, peace and security appear unimportant. No compassion at all is felt for those who suffer and cry out for help. According to this twisted concept, someone poor but morally upright is regarded as worthless, and that person's death will actually benefit society." - Social Darwinism was very popular in Victorian England and in colonial America.
- Herbert Spencer was father of Social Darwinism. Before Darwin's theories were even discussed Spencer was creating and promoting ideas in terms of elitist, "might makes right" philosophy.
-first idea of social dawinism in Europe 1877 by Richard Hofstader - Was used as justification for Holocaust. The Jews were weak; thus, they deserved to die.
- Was used by early American colonists to justify manifest destiny (the expansion of the United States across the entire North American continent). The Native Americans were viewed as unfit to survive so the colonists felt justified in taking their land and resources.
-Herbert Spencer claimed it was wrong to assist he weak because then one would be promoting the survival and possible reproduction of the unfit (poor, disabled, handicapped) .
- Was used to justify sterilization laws in America, which aimed to prevent people who were considered unfit from reproducing. These sort of laws were later used by the Nazi party. Rashkolnikov represents the idea of social darwinism in his theory about "ordinary and extraordinary men." Rashkolnikov explains that certain men are "extraordinary and posses special rights which digniy them to kill. Similary, social darwinism says that the strong; mentally, physically, and philosophiclally should survive while weak may die. In this idea, Rashkolnnikov represents the extraordinary man who had the right to kill the two women who lay as obstacles in his way -The idea of Private school systems- smartest and richest students get a better education
-President Obama describes that the Rupublican budget is an example of Social Darwinism
-"Wealth breeds more wealth"- wealthy children are fortunate to have/use many assets at their own disposal, and those in poverty do not have the advantages and many opportunities that the wealthy have PRO
-creates a more advanced society
-incorporasated in many systems currently; education
-easier determination of justice system
-encourages idea of war, "if a society cannon protect itself it should be taken over
-gives excuse for immoral and inhumaine actions
-can be seen to go hand in hand with facism, gives facist politcal excuse to act (is a form of radical authoritarian nationalism)
-puts end to helping weak, no more charity groups Issues -Races should be ranked by how well developed their culture and technology is
-Rejected morality: if a race couldn't protect their land then they deserve to be inhabited by the stronger group of people
-Condemned conflict and competition