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Electoral Systems

Different types of Electoral Systems
by

Terri Ritchey

on 6 December 2016

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Transcript of Electoral Systems

How Voting is Done
Proportional
Percent of state-wide vote for a PARTY results in same percentage of seats in legislature
How Voting is Done
Hybrid
Use a combination of both
EX: Mexico *Russia (started in Sept 2016)

Some seats elected with single member and some seats elected with proportional

*Russia used to be all proportional
How Voting is Done
Single Member District
How Votes are Counted-determining the winner
Process
1) Plurality
One who receives the most votes
AKA as winner take all/first past the post

2) Majority
More than 50% of the vote required to win
May involve a Run-Off or 2nd Ballot
ONLY
one
person elected who represents
one
specific geographic area
EX: Vienna, Centreville, Chantilly
Electoral Systems
Legislative Elections
1)Who can vote (eligibility)
2)How voting is done
(seats awarded)
3)How votes are counted.
(determining the winner)

Thresholds - party must get a specified % of vote to be seated.
EX: 7% of votes cast nation-wide
Legislature
Single Member
First Past the Post
Proportional
Hybrid
UK
Nigeria
Iran
*Russia
7% Threshold

Mexico
Single Member-Chamber
Proportional-Chamber
Proportional-Senate
(3 per state-elected in pairs)
5% Threshold
*Russia
China-no contested elections
Legislature
Plurality
Majority
Thresholds
UK
Russia
Nigeria
Mexico-Chamber
China
Iran
(2 ballots)
Russia-7%
Mexico-Senate-5%
Iran-Guardian Council
Single
1 Party Dominate
2 Party Dominate
China
Russia
Mexico (prior 2000)
UK
MULTI
-Mexico, Nigeria, Iran
Parties
Executive
Majority
Plurality
Other
UK-PM to form gov
Russia-run-off
(appt PM)
Nigeria-25% of votes must
come from 2/3 of states
Iran-run off
*China - in theory/practice
Mexico
*China
Pres-appt by Peoples Congress
Premier-appt by President
Gen Sec-appt by Standing Committee
Recruitment
UK
-Local Party, Elite Schools (Cambridge)

Russia
-National Party, Nomenklatura, Military, KGB

China
-Party, Nomenklatura (Cadres)

Mexico
-Patron Client Camerilla System, Elite Schools

Nigeria
-Military, Tribal (Ethnic, Religious)

Iran
-Personality & Ideology
Conservative
43%
Labour
33%
Liberal Dems
13%
Other
11%
28 Seats
Full transcript