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The Utah Adventure

History of a Centennial State
by

Diane Pentico

on 19 April 2010

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Transcript of The Utah Adventure

UTAH This is the Place Grand Canyon Bryce Canyon National Park Delicate Arch, Arches National Park Allosaurus State Fossil Golden Spike National Historic Site May 10, 1869 the Union and Central Pacific Railroads joined their rails at Promontory Summit. Golden Spike National Historic Site commemorates this incredible accomplishment of this nation's first transcontinental railroad. Father Escalante and Father Dominguez were Catholic Priests who were the first recorded white men in Utah. State Bird California Gull State Tree Colorado Blue Spruce State Flower Sego Lily The Blue Spruce is found in the Wasatch and Uinta mountains at elevations between 6,000 to 11,000 feet. Its foliage is generally silvery blue in color and has the ability to withstand temperature extremes. Between 1840 and 1851, food became very scarce in Utah due to a crop-devouring plague of crickets, and the families were put on rations. During this time they learned to dig for and to eat the soft, bulbous root of the sego lily. These gulls saved the people of Utah by eating up the Rocky mountain crickets which were destroying the crops in 1848. Orson F. Whitney says that in the midst of the devastation of the crickets, "when it seemed that nothing could stay the devastation, great flocks of gulls appeared, filling the air with their white wings and plaintive cries, and settled down upon the half-ruined fields. fields. All day long they gorged themselves, and when full, disgorged and feasted again, the white gulls upon the black crickets, list hosts of heaven and hell contending, until the pests were vanquished and the people were saved." After devouring the crickets, the gulls returned "to the lake islands whence they came." State Fish Bonneville Cutthroat Trout The Bonneville cutthroat trout is Utah's state fish, because they are native to Utah. This means that they were here before the first people. The Native Americans and pioneers used these fish as a source of food. State Fruit Cherry * Both sweet and tart cherries are grown in Utah.

* Utah is the second largest tart cherry producing state in the nation, and fifth in the nation in the production of sweet cherries (no other state ranks in the top five in both categories).

* About 2 billion cherries are harvested yearly and about 4,800 acres of agricultural land is used for cherry production.

* The cherries are sold as fresh fruit, to canneries to make pies, brined as maraschino cherries or dried. State Animal Elk Cherry trees also surround the capitol building in Salt Lake City, sent to Utah as a gift by the Japanese after WWII as a symbol of friendship. The Rock Mountain elk,a member of the deer family, lives along with the deer and moose throughout much of Utah. Mature bulls stand up to 60 inches at the shoulder and may weigh over 700 pounds. Today, elk are are plentiful on most mountain ranges in Utah. State Fossil Allosaurus Allosaurus was a huge carnivore, a meat eater equipped with sharp, pointed teeth in large, powerful jaws - it was the biggest meat-eater in its habitat. This theropod also had long, sharp clawed hands. Allosaurus probably ate large, plant-eating dinosaurs, like Stegosaurus. State Insect Honey Bee The honey bee is significant in Utah history, as Utah was first called by its Mormon settlers, "The Provisional State of Deseret," a Book of Mormon word meaning honey bee. State Rock Coal Utah coal deposits are found primarily in Carbon and Emery Counties of Central Utah. Coal is a black or brown rock that can be ignited and burned to produce heat and electricity. Coalburning power plants supply about half of the electricity used in the United States and nearly two-thirds of that used throughout the world. State Gem Topaz The topaz is a semiprecious gem found in Beaver, Juab and Tooele counties of Utah. It is found in a variety of colors. Topaz is the birthstone of November. State Emblem Beehive Industry is associated with the symbol of the beehive. The early pioneers had few material resources and had to rely on their own "industry" to survive. The word "industry" appears on both the State Seal and the State Flag.

The beehive is the centerpiece of the state seal Landforms Mountains
Plateaus
Basins The Rocky Mountains Colorado Plateau Great Basin The Colorado Plateau, a series of flat lands, colorful gorges, rugged mountains and valleys, extends across the southern third of Utah. Bryce Canyon, Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument, Monument Valley and Zion Canyon, are some of the plateau's most interesting areas. The snow-capped Uinta and Wasatch Mountains are the most significant ranges within the state. The highest point (Kings Peak) in the Uinta Mts., reaches 13,528 ft. A plateau is a large, flat area of land that is higher than the surrounding land. Plateaus have very steep slopes, which is an obvious indication that they have been eroded. Plateaus have been eroded over long periods of time.
Sagebrush and cactus, salt and sand are common in the great basin. Early People Lived Here Newspaper Rock shows many animals, people, and symbols that American Indians Painted and carved. It is in the Canyonlands region. One of the largest Anasazi villages is called Hovenweep. Today you can see what is left of it. Spruce Tree House Historic American Indians in Utah Shonshone Indians Library of Congress Ute Indians Navajo Indians Library of Congress X-32287 Paiute Indians Goshute Indians Trappers and Explorers Explorers from Spain The explorers needed a way to get from Santa Fe to Monterey. Catholic priests Father Escalante and Father Dominguez and their group enter the Utah Valley. Searching for Beaver Jim Bridger is probably the most famous mountain man of the period. He worked trapping beaver, trading fur and dealing with Indians. He found passes through the mountains and knew the land well. He is credited with discovering the Great Salt Lake in 1824. Other Famous Explorers Peter Skene Odgen John Wesley Powell Etienne Provost Jedediah S. Smith James Beckwourth A Long Journey -
Moving to Utah After leaving Nauvoo, Illinois, in 1846, the Mormons headed west. Following the Oregon Trail, on the north side of the Platte River rather than the south, they arrived in the Salt Lake Valley in July 1847.

At that time, the Salt Lake Valley was virtually uninhabited. A few Indians traversed it on occasion but had no encampments there. The Utes preferred the valleys to the south of the lake, and the Shoshones sought the valleys to the north. The Goshutes, small in number, lived in isolation in the desert mostly west of Salt Lake Valley, and the Paiutes were located southwest some distance away. The Rocky Mountains Settling the Salt Lake Valley Library of Congress
cph 3b15625 http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3b15625 A new log home built with the help of neighbors Great Salt Lake Valley is a painting by William Henry Jackson South Pass, Wyoming
by William Henry Jackson Branching out Across the Land Fort Buenaventura
Weber valley Alexander Brown and his brother, Jesse S. Brown, built the first irrigation canal in Weber County
by Maynard Dixon The Forty-Niners Immigrants 1880's

First "Great Wave" of European Immigrants to the United States St. George, Utah Life in Early Utah Brigham Young In 1861, a group of people were sent with Erastus Snow and George A. Smith to set up a new town. They called it St. George. Because the weather was so warm, and they grew cotton, it was often called Utah's Dixie. It's a great place to live, work and play Culture and Arts Rosenbruch Wildlife Museum Golfing at Green Springs Golf Course What could be better than that? St. George, It's a Great Place to Be! Life is Great in ....
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