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Major Battles of WWII
Transcript of Major Battles of WWII
First major battle of World War II.
Only battle ever fought entirely in the air.
Proved that Britain could defeat the German air force. The Battle of Britain Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941
Japanese fighter planes attacked the American naval base at Pearl Harbor, HI.
Invasion lasted only two hours.
Losses were devastating: 20 naval vessels and 200 airplanes destroyed, 2,000 American soldiers and sailors died, and 1,000 were wounded.
Major cause for the United States to enter WWII. Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Hiroshima - August 6, 1945
Nagasaki - August 9, 1945
Nuclear attacks against Japan by the United States.
To this day, these are the only nuclear weapons ever used in the history of warfare.
Hiroshima - 140,000 casualties
Nagasaki - 80,000 casualties
Japan surrendered on August 15, 1945, thus ending World War II. Normandy Invasion/ D-Day June 6, 1944
Two phases - air assault of American and British, and infantry and armored divisions of French
Momentum switched to Allied Forces June 6, 1944
Beginning of Allied effort to free Europe from Nazi occupation.
Air assault by American and British, and an amphibious invasion of infantry and armored divisions of French.
Five beaches along the coast of Normandy were attacked: Gold, Juno, Ohama, Sword, and Utah.
Over 1 million personnel were involved.
Momentum switched to Allied Forces. Battle of the Bulge December 1944 - January 1945
Germany's goal was to split the British and American troops in half, capture Belgium, and force the Allied forces to accept a peace treaty.
Allied forces were victorious.
The last German reserves were gone.
German Air Force was broken.
German army was being pushed backward. Battle of Iwo Jima February 19 - March 26, 1945
This is the first U.S. attack on Japanese islands.
United States wanted the island along with its three air fields as a staging area for attacks on Japan.
Fiercest, bloodiest fighting of the War of the Pacific in WWII.
American forces were victorious. Works Cited
Battle of Britain. 2013. Wikipedia. Web. 3 Apr. 2013.
Battle of the Coral Sea. 2013. Wikipedia. Web. 10 May 2013.
"Battle of the Coral Sea." 2009. History.navy.mil. Web. 10 May 2013.
Battle of Midway. 2012. Realwarphotos. Web. 8 Apr. 2013.
"Battle of Midway." 2009. History.navy.mil. Web. 8 Apr. 2013.
Battle of Stalingrad. 2013. Pbs. Web. 10 May 2013.
Battle of the Bulge. 2013. Howstuffworks. 4 Apr. 2013.
D-Day Landings at Normandy. 2013. Oldsaltblog. 4 Apr. 2013.
Hiroshima and Nagasaki. 2012. Supermcflyguy.wordpress. Web. 3 Apr. 2013.
"Iwo Jima." 2013. Wikipedia. Web. 10 May 2013.
Pearl Harbor. 2013. History. Web. 10 May 2013.
Pearl Harbor. 2013. Wikipedia. Web. 3 Apr. 2013.
Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima. 2013. Wikipedia. Web. 4 Apr. 2013.
"The Battle of Stalingrad." Historylearningsite.co.uk. 2013. Web. 10 May 2013.
World War II Major Battles. 2013. Losal. Web. 3 Apr. 2013. Battle of Midway June 4-7, 1942
Decisive battle of the war in the Pacific
Japanese wanted to capture the island and use it as an advance base to sink the U.S. Pacific Fleet.
The U.S. Pacific Fleet surprised them by sinking all four of their carrier ships that attacked Pearl Harbor and capturing the island. Battle of the Coral Sea May 7-8, 1942
Resulted from a Japanese invasion meant to capture Port Moresby, New Guinea, allowing Japan to pose a threat to Australia.
Due to superior intelligence and communication, the U.S. was able to foil Japan's plan.
The U.S. lost the USS Lexington, but the battle was considered a strategic victory as Japan did not take Port Moresby. Battle of Stalingrad July 1942- February 1943
The battle lasted 199 days and resulted in 1.5 million casualties.
It was one of the bloodiest battles in human history with little regard for military or civilian casualties.
German invasion of Stalingrad initially caused heavy casualties to the Soviets, but eventually the Soviets encircled the Germans and destroyed the German Sixth Army.