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Transcript of Ethical Flowchart
Tim Thompson Ethical Theories and Models
pertaining to problem solving Broadly describes different types of interactions with patients or patient provider relationships Models Robert Veathch developed the first set of patient provider relationship models The practitioner present the facts to the patient Engineering Model Practitioner is viewed as the medical authority, almost divine, godlike. Priestly Model The practitioner and the patient are viewed as colleagues pursuing the common goal of eliminating illness or preserving the health of the patient. Collegial Model Maintains a business relationship between provider and patient Contractual Model Recognizes ares of health care not always covered by a contract
Understanding between the patient and health and care provider based on traditional values and goals
Patient trusts the caregiver to do what is right. Covenant Model Six steps
Developed to aid in ethical problem solving for imaging professionals Dowd Problem Solving Model Assessment of the problem
Isolation of the issues
Analysis of the data
Development of a plan of action
Institute a Plan
Analysis of the outcome The six steps are: Theories There are two forms Consequentialism (Teleology) Egoism: Decision ratio of good over bad, based on the long-term interests of the individual Best interests of the individual making the decision or performing the act Personal: Believes that everyone should choose the most beneficial over the long term Impersonal: Greatest ratio of good to evil for all Utilitarianism Each action should be based on weather it is right or wrong Act Utilitarianism Decisions should be based consequences of the rule, rather than the consequences. Rule Utilitarianism Formal rules for what is right and wrong while problem solving; doesn't concern consequences when making moral decision or performing acts. Deontology (non-consequestialism) Practical wisdom for emotional and moral character for emotional and intellectual problem solving; this focuses on the person, rather than the action. Virtue Ethics (character ethics) 1. Prudence; ability to govern and discipline oneself by use of reason
2. Justice: Conformity to truth, fact, and reason
3. Fortitude: Strength of mind that enables a person to encounter danger or bear pain or adversity with courage.
4. Temperance: exercising restraint Four Cardinal Virtues: