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Japanese Canadian Internment Camps

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allen angeles

on 18 June 2013

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Transcript of Japanese Canadian Internment Camps

by: Allen Angeles
Japanese Canadian Internment Camps
Japanese Relocation Centers
The Confinement of Japanese Canadians in British Columbia during World War II. It began in January 1942, following the attack by carrier-borne forces of Imperial Japan on American naval and army facilities at Pearl Harbor. David Suzuki (Professor), Joy Kogawa (Novelist), and Roy Miki (Scholar) are some of the many interned children that were brought into the camps.
Life in the internment camps
Pre-War Conditions
There were about 29,000 Canadians of Japanese ancestry in British Columbia, of whom 80% were Canadian nationals.

Japanese were subject to racism
and discrimination even though the immigration from Japan to Canada had begun at the end of the 19th century. They were denied to vote and barred by law from various professions. The intent of the government is to force them to return to Japan.
Who was involved?
In the United States, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt authorized the internment with Executive Order 9066 on February 19, 1942, which allowed local military commanders to designate "military areas" as "exclusion zones,"
from which any or all person may be excluded.
What was the Executive
Order 9066?
Japanese-Americans were interned as a result of this Order. About 77000 American citizens and 43000 legal and illegal resident immigrants were affected by the order. The last camp was closed in January 1946, five months after WWII ended.
What does the camps look
The camps were fenced. and in each fenced camp there were block arrangements. Each block contained 14 barracks, 1 mess hall, and 1 recreational hall on the outside. On the inside was the ironing, laundry, and the men and women's lavatories. Other places in the camp included: dry and cold warehouses, a car and equipment repair and storage, an administration, schools, canteens, a library, religious services, hospitals, and a post
Did the U.S. government
ever apologize?
It would not be until 1988 that the U.S. government formally apologized, provided compensation to those who were interned, and created an education fund to preserve the history and to teach the lessons of this shameful episode.
How did the the Japanese internment camps start?
During World War II, the federal government ordered 120,000 Japanese-Americans who lived on the West Coast to leave their homes and live in 10 large relocation camps in remote, desolate areas, surrounded by barbed wire and armed guards.
What did the Japanese experience in the camps?
The people in the camps had to face hardships. Many of the camps were located in the desert, and faced unbearable temperatures. The average temperatures were over 100 degrees. Winter was no better, with winter temperatures falling to minus 30 degrees in one of the camps.

Meals in the camps contained meager portions. Fruit and vegetables were cultivated on the land. They used these to feed the people in the camp or even for commercial consumption.
A mother and her baby in the camp
Sue Tokushige was a young mother of 20, with a 10 day old baby, when she was sent to a camp in Arizona with her husband. According to her, the government did not supply milk for her baby.

As she was unable to breastfeed, she fed her daughter only water for 10 days. She recalls with glassy eyes how a doctor told her that, for a person who seemed well-educated, she did not take good care of her baby. Her daughter still pays today, for the way the government treated
Continuation of what the Japanese experienced in the camps
Some Japanese Americans died in the camps due to poor medical care and the emotional stresses they encountered.
Several were killed by military guards for allegedly resisting orders.
The Japanese in Canada were treated harsher than the Japanese in the U.S.
In the U.S., families were interned together. In Canada, at first, families were separated.
The 10 internment camps. 3 road camps, 2 prisoner of war camps, and 5 self-supporting camps were scattered throughout Canada. During the war years, Japanese Canadians were regarded as possible threats to Canada's domestic security.
How about Canada's Government?
In 1988, 46 years after the First Japanese Internment Camps, Canadian Japanese were compensated for all that they had endured during the war. Prime Minister Mulroney signed a compensation package giving $21,000 for each internee's survivor. In total 12 million dollars were paid out.
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