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From paper to presentation
Transcript of From paper to presentation
preparing to give your speech
Now, let's get specific...
Here are some specific tips to help your verbal and non-verbal delivery.
Let's start with the verbal...
as you revise your essay into a speech, pay careful attention to two elements: verbal and non-verbal delivery.
Here's a good example
You've crafted and revised your
This I Believe
personal essay on a core belief. Now, let's turn it into a speech. While writing this essay, we focused on how the purpose and audience of this writing piece affected our writing style. Here is where your careful attention will pay off.
good verbal delivery is all about prosody
You’ll want to work toward presenting your speech in a conversational style. The audience wants you to talk to them not at them. Use a sincere tone that lets the audience know you’re invested in the speech you are presenting.
What is prosody, you ask?
Your rate, volume, and inflection are also called
. Having variety in your rate, volume, and inflection can help give emphasis to the speech and will help you sustain the audience’s interest. Be especially conscious of these vocal delivery features when giving examples or sharing an illustration or story.
There are two areas of non-verbal delivery that you'll want to work on as you prepare your presentation:
Gestures and Stance
Eye contact is crucial in keeping you and the audience connected. The audience forms understanding and makes judgments about your material based on their ability to see your eyes. You can see if you are making sense to the audience by looking at them and gauging their non-verbal feedback
Gestures and stance should appear natural. They should add purpose and emphasis to the message. It is best to use gestures unconsciously so that you avoid drawing attention to them, but if nervous energy tends to make you freeze physically, then you may need to plan a few gestures until you become more comfortable.
Think about the volume of your voice – can the person in the back hear you clearly? Keep in mind, working without a microphone may make in necessary for you to modify your volume. However, louder is not always better.
Pay special attention to the rate of speech you’re using; remember the goal isn’t to finish as soon as possible. You want to make sure that the audience is understanding your speech and connecting with it. The rate you use should allow you to focus on explaining your belief carefully.
Check out Davis's speaking rate.
Don't talk like this:
To help you connect on a person-to-person level, locate the friendly faces in the audience—the people who give positive feedback in the form of smiles, nods, and attentive listening positions. Speak directly to these people, varying your eye contact with them. You’ll begin to notice more and more “friendly” faces to connect with as the audience is drawn into your speech.
avoid creepy eyes
Gestures and Stance:
It’s better to have minimal gestures than distracting or overdone gestures.
Minimize distracting habits like fidgeting or swaying.
To help channel this nervous energy, think about incorporating purposeful movement. Not only will this use some of the energy, it will also help to emphasize main points and keep the audience engaged.