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Transcript of Movement
~ performer-audience relationship CINEMA Unlike the theater, there is no live audience. It consists of moving images. -frame rate (FPS=frames per second) A higher frame rate reduces blur during movements. 24fps - commonly used since the 1920s for films 48fps - recently used in -movement looks smoother and more lifelike 3 Interrelated Modes of Movement in Cinema 1. the actors
2. the camera
3. the film editing & syntax 1. the actors -FACIAL EXPRESSION and body movement! The performers need to make gestures and other movements that are emphasized for the audience to see. The voice needs to be projected as far back as the last row. The Hobbit 2. the camera -there are different camera movements cinematographers use Some common camera movements: Pan The camera is turned left or right on a fixed spot. It can be slow enough to let the audience observe the scene or fast, as in a "whip pan/swish pan" which creates a blurred effect. Tilt Similar to panning but the movement is up or down as in a person nodding. Dolly The entire camera along with the tripod is moved in or out. Zooming is different! It is called "dollying in" if it moves toward the subject or "dollying out" if it moves away from the subject. Track It is similar to the Dolly but the camera is moved horizontally. The camera also has the intention of following the subject. Pedestal Moving the entire camera body up or down. Sled and Vest Dolly Counter Zoom or
Hitchcock Zoom It can be used to show a feeling of uneasiness of a subject. It is performed by dollying in on a subject while zooming out at the same time and at the same speed. dollying out example It is characterized by smooth movement. Panning example It may occur as... Rhythm In design, it is also called repetition. An example is optical illusion Motifs the recurrence of COMPOSITION
OR PAINTING a Directional lines may suggest movement and direct the eye of the viewer from one element to another. Bonifacio's Mural at Bulwagang Katipunan of the Manila City Hall by Carlos "Botong" Francisco Eugene Delacroix’s Liberty Leading the People Each of the examples has REVOLUTION as its theme. Pictures show a strong sense of movement and capture the fervor and energy of the historical moment. In Western Europe, Italian Futurists were enamored with speed in the age of automobile. They sought to capture movement in split-second transformations. Giacomo Balla's "Dog on a Leash" Umberto Boccioni’s Street Noises Invade the House Dynamic Hieroglyphic of the Bal Tabarin by Gino Severini -USE OF FORCE LINES which must involve the spectator so that he will in a manner be forced to struggle himself with the persons in the picture. Marcel Duchamp's Nude Descending a Staircase “It is dance that is the quintessential art of movement.” “A series of rhythmic and patterned bodily movements usually performed to music” (Merriam-Webster) East vs. West In the West “a series of connected points or movements” (Ligaya Amilbangsa) Functions: To show off feminine pulchritude and grace. To create an artistic form of erotic play (Latin dances, ex. Rumba) •To suggest transcendental concepts of ethereality and spiritual flight from the world (African warrior dances) Examples of western dances: ballet, ballroom, Latin, hip hop, etc. Movement In the East “dancers are in continual contact with the ground, and the earth principle, from which they draw their energy” the In Philippines On the dances of Sulu:
“distinctly linear and asymmetrical movements, punctuated by sculpture-like poses or static positions” (Ligaya Amilbangsa) “a continuous unfolding movement from a central core” -Sternness, angularity, and counterpoint of the movements
-Social and ceremonial character because of ritualistic origins Mimetic and martial forms Mimesis – imitation or representation of the real world in art, particularly in dance Ex.Tauli – catching of eelsIgal buwani – gathering of honey Sua ko Sua
-Tausug dance in Jolo, Sulu
Romanticizing of the harvest season for sua or pomelo
Makes use of different mimetic forms (ex. White fans mimicking the rustling of leaves in the wind) Martial arts Silat
– “skill for fighting” – different styles are found in Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, southern Thailand, and southern Philippines -> Langkah silat, kuntao silat, kali silat Pis siyabit Kris or Barung Arnis - National martial art and sport of the Philippines (RA No. 9850)
-Founded by the late Remy Presas
-Stick fighting and hand-to-hand combat 3. the film syntax/editing The job of an editor constitutes much more than cutting and splicing footage. Film editing determines pace and structure; it is a vital component to tell stories efficiently. Ellipsis Concerns the omission of a section of the story that is either obvious enough for the public to fill in or concealed for a narrative purpose. Transition This is how one shot replaces the other. “What is drama but life with the dull bits cut out.” ~Alfred Hitchcock There are also different CAMERA ANGLES to convey or emphasize different feelings such as: Eyelevel Angle