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Epilepsy

Epilepsy
by

Sarah Frisbie

on 8 December 2010

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Transcript of Epilepsy

Epilepsy Epilepsy affects 2.5
million Americans.
More than 180,000
people are diagnosed
with epilepsy every
year. Epilepsy is a brain disorder involving repeated, spontaneous seizures of any
type. Seizures are caused
by abnormally excited
electrical signals in
the brain. Having a seizure doesn't meen
that person has epilepsy. Some
have a seizure when in a serious
condition of dehydration, or a
high temperature. How you can get Epilepsy:
-Infections
-Metabolic Disturbinces in the body
-Head Injury
-Certain medicines can cause it
-SLE (systemic lupus erythematosus-kind of arthritus)
-Sometimes it is caused by an unknown reason Epilepsy comes from the
Greek word meaning
hold or seize. Seizure- a sudeen, uncontrollable event
that happens when there is unusual electircal activity in the brain. Sometimes before someone
has a seizure, they will have a
funny feeling or a weird smell
or taste. That is called an aura.
Epilepsy is not contagious. You can't catch it from somebody. Epilepsy is also not passed down through families or "inherited". But if somebody's mom or dad has epilepsy, there is a slightly higher risk for you than for somebody who has no history of epilepsy. People at any age
can get epilepsy. The main symptom of
epilepsy is seizures. Diagnosis can be made with investagative.
tests such as EEG, CAT scan, or MRI, you
can also take some drugs to settle down
the seizures. Epilepsy can get worse with time,
or it could get better. Some types of childhood epilepsy will disappear before the teen years. There isn't a cure for
epilepsy, but the right
treatment will control
the seizures. A long time ago, when
a person had epilepsy,
some people considered
them to have the devil
in them. This is what someone having a seizure may look like. You can try to prevent epilepsy from happen to you by not getting major head injuries. One in 100 teens have epilepsy. Epilepsy is not contagious. The End Thanks for watching! Seizures:
-300,000 people have a first
convulsion each year.
-120,000 of them are under the age of
eighteen.
-Between 75,000 and 100,000 of them
are children under the age
of five who have experienced a febrile
(fever-caused) seizure. Epilepsy:
-20,000 new cases of epilepsy are diagnosed
each year.
-Incidence is highest under the age
of two and over 65.
-45,000 children under the age of 15 develop
epilepsy each year.
-Males are slightly more likely to develop
epilepsy than females.
-Incidence is greater in African American and
socially disadvantaged populations.
-Trend shows decreased incidence in children;
increased incidence in the elderly.
-In 70% of new cases, no cause is apparent.
-50% of people with new cases of epilepsy
will have generalized onset seizures.
-Generalized seizures are more common in children
under the age of 10; afterwards more than
half of all new cases of epilepsy will
have partial seizures. Risk of developing epilepsy:
-By 20 years old, one percent of
the population can be expected
to have developed epilepsy.
-By 75 years old, three percent of
the population can be expected to
have been diagnosed with epilepsy,
and then percent will have experienced
some type of seizure. It is estimated that epilepsy can be expected
to develop in:
-25.8% of children with mental retardation
-13% of children with cerebral palsy
-50% of children with birth disabilities
-10% of Alzheimer patients
-22% of stroke patients
-8.7% of children of mothers with epilepsy
-2.4% of children of fathers with epilepsy.
-33% of people who have had a single, unprovoked seizure. Remission:
-70% of people with epilepsy can be expected to enter remission, defined as five or more years seizure free on medication.
-35% of peole with mental retardation, cerebral palsy, or other neurological condition will enter remission.
-75% of people who are seizure free on medication for two to five years can be sucessfully withdrawn from medicatinon.
-10% of new patients fail to gain control of seizures despite optimal medical management.
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