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Sign Language

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Brianna Hartman

on 30 January 2013

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Transcript of Sign Language

Brianna Hartman Sign Systems American Sign Language Definition: ASL uses hand shapes, facial expressions, and body language to convey meaning. ASL uses finger spelling and gestures. ASL is an independent language that has its own grammar and syntax; it is not simply a manual version of English Examples: ASL has a different grammar structure than English. You do not sign every word.
For instance, if you wanted to sign "I go to the store" you would sign "store, I go." PROS: CONS: Support? Signing Exact English Definition: SEE is a sign language that is literal English. It adds to what a child can get from hearing and speechreading. SEE modifies and supplements the vocabulary of ASL so children can see clearly what is said in English. Examples: SEE uses the same sign for different definitions of a word.
For instance: you would use the same sign for "I am going to run" as you would for "My nose is running" PROS: CONS: SUPPORT? Pidgin Signed English Definition: People who learn to sign later in life, after hearing and using spoken English, do not sign strictly in ASL. Instead, they use a mixture of ASL and English that is known as PSE. Examples: PSE uses English structure but ASL signs. It's a hybrid of both.
For instance: if you wanted to sign "I am going to the movies tonight," you would sign "Me go movies tonight." PROS: CONS: SUPPORT: International Sign Definition: a sign language composed of a blending of vocabulary signs from numerous different countries, usually used at international meetings and events of deaf people. Formerly called Gestuno Examples: ISL uses ionic signs
For instance: when signing the word "government" there are many different signs but ISL would use the most iconic sign which would be using 'crown' PROS: CONS: SUPPORT? Paget Gorman Signed Speech Definition: It is a grammatical sign system which reflects normal patterns of English and is used by many speech and language-impaired children, their parents, teachers, speech therapists and care staff. There are only 37 different signs used in PGS to make up all of the other words Examples: Sometimes a word has more than one meaning, thus the word `box' has two signs, one in the sense of ‘to fight' and the other in the sense of ‘container' PROS: CONS: SUPPORT? Works Cited Provides a fully visual language, giving access to a language through sight rather than relying on hearing
Students using ASL can be mainstreamed with use of interpreter
State residential schools, often have a support team for deaf individuals
The deaf child may feel more comfortable being around other deaf children who don't speak
Deaf children who learn ASL have easy access to that Deaf community Deaf children who communicate only with ASL are limited to using interpreters, communicating with hand-written notes or computer-based translators when dealing with people who don't know ASL
Many parents of ASL-signing children never become proficient enough to be able to communicate with their own child. It is very difficult to try to teach a deaf child a language you are in the process of learning yourself I support ASL. Over half of the deaf population use ASL. Although not all people know it, the student can still speak to most deaf people, and write notes to hearing people. it may be harder for a student to learn ASL if they go deaf after learning English because they would have to learn a new grammar structure Children who have learned English could easily transfer the sentence structure
Proponents claim that use of both sign and speech simultaneously gives the deaf child the opportunity to use whichever sense best allows that child to understand
Widely used in public schools
While parents still need to learn a great number of signs to become proficient, they are not faced with learning a completely new language as would be the case with ASL It is very difficult to sign and speak at the same time using your normal rate for either speech or sign
Unlike cued speech, where once you've learned the system you can cue any word you encounter, with Sign Exact English you never learn all the signs
Very few people know Sign Exact English, so your child will be limited to communicating with parents and other relatives who sign I think if a child has learned English, this form of signing would be easiest. They wouldn't have to learn the new sentence structure and could learn how to lip read from the interrupter signing and talking. However not many people know SEE so they person would be limited to who they could sign with and they would never learn all the signs to fully have a good grasp of the language. "American Sign Language - Bilingual - Bicultural." American Sign Language - Bilingual - Bicultural. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Jan. 2013."
"American Sign Language About Our Definitions: All Forms of a Word (noun, Verb, Etc.) Are Now Displayed on One Page."
"Fundamental Principles for Performing the Signs." RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2013."
"Home." Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Jan. 2013."
"Merriam-Webster. Merriam-Webster, n.d. Web. 25 Jan. 2013."
"Pidgin Signed English (PSE) Definition." Pidgin Signed English (PSE) Definition. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Jan. 2013."
"Sign Language and Deaf Communication Methods and Information." Sign Language and Deaf Communication Methods and Information. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2013."
"Sign Language Resource by Native-ASL Experts." International Sign. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2013."
"SEE" American Sign Language (ASL)." "SEE" American Sign Language (ASL). N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Jan. 2013."
"Shenk, Charlotte B. "Pidgin Sign English in the Deaf Community." Web log post. Lifeprint. N.p., n.d. "
"The free dictionary. Farlex, n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2013."
"Total Communication." Total Communication. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Jan. 2013." Children who have learned English could easily transfer to PSE
Widely used in public schools
Parents can learn the signs while still using English sentence structure
Talking while signing is possible It can be hard very hard to sign and talk
PSE is a mixture of ASL and English, so it could become confusing
Children who don't know English could find it harder to understand PSE I support PSE. As a person who knows English, I think it would be easier to learn how to sign using PSE and not having to learn a different sentence structure. For a child who does not know English it may be harder since most deaf children learn ASL and would be using the ASL sentence structure. There is only one language used for all of the different sign languages
The signs are iconic so even if you didn't know the word you could use the context to figure out what the word is
All of the languages are put together so everyone can understand Even using the context, some words may not be very easy to figure out
Everyone doesn't know the same signs since they are from different cultures.
People could get the wrong impression if one of the signs used is similar to a sign in their language I support ISL but i think it could be confusing for many people. I understand that it would be really hard to have different interpreters for every language but combining all of the different languages together could cause confusion and unclear signing. Since the signs are iconic, the hope is that everyone will understand what is being signed. There are minimal signs to learn
Follows the same structure as English
Easy for parents to learn and communicate with their children
There are only 37 signs so the meaning of some words may get distorted
Not meant to use as an actual language, used to help children have a communication at a young age
I don't like the idea of Paget Gorman signing. It sounds easy because there are only 37 signs, but it would be very hard to express every meaning you had with only 37 words. I like that it gives deaf children a start to learning other signs, but switching from this form to a different form of sign language could be tough for a child.
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