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An Inspector Calls

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Melissa Sheppard

on 8 December 2014

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Transcript of An Inspector Calls

Act One
Read Act One as a class

Questions to Answer in your books:

1. How does Priestley present each of the characters?

2. What are your impressions of them so far?

An Inspector Calls

Dramatic Irony
-A plot device that is used in literature.

-It is when the audience’s knowledge is greater than the characters’ knowledge in the play.

-Therefore, the words and actions of the characters have a different meaning for the audience than they do for the characters.

How is dramatic irony used in these quotes?
‘And I say, there isn’t a chance of war’

‘The Titanic....unsinkable, absolutely unsinkable’

‘I tell you, by that time you’ll be living in a world that’ll have forgotten all these Capital versus Labour agitations and all these silly little war scares. There’ll be peace and prosperity and rapid progress everywhere – except, of course, in Russia’

How does Priestley use dramatic irony in ‘An Inspector Calls?’
Priestley uses dramatic irony when Mr. Birling says ‘.....................................’ This is an example of dramatic irony because............................ It gives the audience the impression that Mr. Birling is..............................

Family Tree
To understand the character relationships, draw a family tree to help ensure understanding of who each character is.

If there are characters that do not fit on the tree, write their names on the side with a brief description/explanation of who they are to the family.
Review of Previous Material
In 75 words or less, summarise in your book what has happened thus far in the story.

Be sure to include a brief description/explanation of the setting, the time period, who the characters are, and what is currently happening.
What does the word "morality" mean?

"Doing the Right Thing"
- Complete the handout provided by circling what you believe to be the most correct answer

Is there a right and a wrong way to behave?

Coursework – 40% - incl. poetry comparison

Exam – 60%----1 hour 45 minutes

'An Inspector Calls'---1 hour (one question from a choice of two)

'Of Mice and Men'---45 minutes (one question from a choice of two)

You CANNOT take texts into the exam

An Inspector Calls
By: J.B. Priestley
Written in 1945, and set in 1912

-The play is a warning about the importance of taking care of one another, and that all actions have consequences

-It was written after WW1 and WW2, so it is Priestley giving us a message about how to live (or not live) our lives, and to build a better society

Read Through Stage Directions
Annotate them as we read through

1. Make a list of the key characters

2. What initial impressions do you get of them?

Quick Quiz
1. Who wrote ‘An Inspector Calls?’
2. When did he write it?
3. When is it set?
4. Why did Priestley write it?
5. What does morality mean?
6. Name 5 of the key characters

December 3, 2014
Complete this paragraph and write one more paragraph using another example of dramatic irony, this time with no paragraph starter to assist you.
How many words or phrases can you think of to describe what you know about Mr. Birling so far?

: Analyse the function of the character of the Inspector

: Identify details about the Inspector’s appearance and personality

Learning Outcomes
‘But the way some of these cranks talk and write now, you’d think everybody has to look after everybody else, as if we were all mixed up together like bees in a hive – community and all that nonsense. But take my word for it, you youngsters - and I’ve learnt in the good hard school of experience – that a man has to mind his own business and look after himself and his own-’

What impressions do you get of Mr. Birling from this speech?
On the OUTSIDE, write words and quotes to describe his APPEARANCE

On the INSIDE write words and quotes to describe his PERSONALITY
The Inspector
What do you think of the Inspector?

-How are each of the characters linked to Eva Smith so far?

The arrival of the Inspector (p10-26)
On your post it, write one word to describe the Inspector’s character so far. Stick this in the
of the outline.

What do you think the Inspector’s function in the play is? Write this on a different post it and stick on the
of the outline.

Plenary- Role on The Wall
-What do you think of the Inspector?

-How are each of the characters linked to Eva Smith so far?

The Arrival of the Inspector
(Pg. 10-26)
How are these images related to ‘An Inspector Calls’?
: Analyse how Priestley’s use of language influences our impressions of the Inspector

: Consider the impressions we get of the Inspector

Learning Outcomes
Say this word to yourself.
What does it sound like?
How does this relate to what the Inspector’s function is in the play?

Inspector GOOLE
: like a ghost

Goole (seaside town)
: fishing port, links to the fact that the Inspector is fishing for information

Inspector Goole
When the Inspector says these lines, what does JB Priestley want us to think? (p19-20)

‘There are a lot of young women living that sort of existence in every big town and city in this country, Miss. Birling. In fact, I thought it would do us a lot of good if sometimes we tried to put ourselves in the place of these young women counting their pennies in the dingy back bedrooms’

What is your impression of the Inspector at this point??
My impression of the Inspector is that he is......................... I think this because he says............................ In my opinion, Priestley uses him to.........................

In full and complete sentences, explain what you think will happen next .
For those who have read ahead
: Explain wheher or not the events that unfolded met your expectations and how it may or may not have differed from your initial thoughts on what might happen
What impressions do you get of Sheila from the extract?
What THREE adjectives best describe your impressions of Sheila, and why?

Act One
What has happened so far?
Write as many things as you can!!
Events / Characters / Locations?

Learning Outcomes
: Investigate the significance of Eva Smith, and how she is presented in Act Two

: Understand the key events in Act Two

Read through Act Two
Be sure to list key events
Plenary - Eva Smith / Daisy Renton
Daisy Renton/ Eva Smith
How are all the other characters related to her? What have they done that affects her life in a negative way?

What is the mood like at the end of Act Two?

Who is your favourite character so far, and why?

Who is your least favourite character so far, and why?

What do you predict will happen at the end of the play? (For those who have read on, how was it similar or different to what you expected?

Questions to Consider
Write A-Z down the side of your page. Think of a word starting with every letter that is somehow related to ‘An Inspector Calls’
A = Arthur
B = Brumley


: Consider how each of the characters if linked to Eva Smith, and the consequences of their actions

: Understand the key events in Act Two

Learning Outcomes
What impression of the Inspector do these quotes give you?
‘A girl died tonight. A pretty, lively sort of girl who never did anyone any harm. But she died in misery, hating life...’ (p28)

‘You see, we have to share something. If nothing else, we have to share our guilt.’ (p29)

The impression I get of the Inspector is………..My evidence for this can be seen in the quote………………….. The key word(s) ‘……….’ suggests……………

Who said these quotes, and what impression do they give you of the character?
‘ You’re behaving like a hysterical child tonight’

‘And it was my fault really that she was so desperate when you met her’

‘It’s hard to say. I didn’t feel the same about her as she did about me’

‘We were having a nice little family celebration tonight. And a nice mess you’ve made of it, haven’t you?’

: Consider the issue of who is the most to blame for Eva Smith’s death and why

: Understand the key events in Act Three

Learning Outcomes
Most responsible

Least responsible

Mr Birling
Mrs Birling

: Analyse language used in the Inspector’s final speech

: Understand the meanings, and consider the significance, of the Inspector’s final speech

Learning Outcomes

Spellings for this Week
These words should be used in your written responses, primarily in your impressions of characters and outcomes
= someone who is motivated by money, and believes that you should look after yourself before anyone else

= someone who thinks that everyone in a society is important, and we should all look out for one another

Do these characters have capitalist or socialist beliefs?
-Mr Birling, Mrs Birling, The Inspector, JB Priestley, Sheila

‘But just remember this. One Eva Smith has gone – but there are millions and millions and millions of Eva Smiths and John Smiths still left with us, with their lives, their hopes and fears, their suffering and chance of happiness, all intertwined with our lives, and what we say and think and do. We don’t live alone. We are members of one body. We are responsible for one another. And I tell you that the time will soon come when, if men will not learn that lesson, then they will be taught it in fire and blood and anguish. Good night.’

The Inspector's Final Speech

The Inspector’s final speech is important because..................... When he says ‘.........................’ it means........................which makes me think that.....................................
JB Priestley was trying to make the audience think.........................................

What is the significance of the Inspector's final speech?
Have they used capitalist/socialist, are there any quotes?

Spelling, grammar, capital letters

Next Steps:
What can they do to improve?

Plenary- P.I.N.
: Evaluate how successful the ending of the play is, and whether Priestley is successful in conveying his moral message to the audience

: Understand the significance of the ending of the play

Learning Outcomes
-Inspector leaves, they think they have all killed Eva

-Gerald comes back and has found out that Inspector Goole is not a real inspector

-They think that Eva Smith is actually different women – they were not shown the same photo

-Mr Birling rings the infirmary and finds out that no one has died

-Mr B, Mrs B, Gerald are happy because they don’t think they’ve done anything wrong

-Eric and Sheila still feel guilty as they know they have done something wrong

-Mr B receives a phone call telling him that someone has died and an inspector is on his way round to answer questions

-The Inspector – he is a plot device to make the characters think about the consequences of their actions

-God-like figure – knows everything

-Voice of JB Priestley – he wants the audience to think about their actions and how everything has consequences, just as the characters do

I think that Priestley’s moral message is.........................
I think that he is successful / unsuccessful in conveying this because............................

1. How do the characters feel after they have rung the police station?

2. Is there a difference in the way Sheila and Eric act compared to their parents?

3. What is the effect of the final phone call?

Review Pages 57-72
Full transcript