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Habits of Mind
Transcript of Habits of Mind
Habits of Mind
Don't give up easily
Analyze a problem
Develop a system, structure or strategy
Have a repetoire of alternative strategies and employ them
Collect evidence of what is working
Thinking and communicating with
clarity and percision
Language refinement plays a critical role in enhancing a person's cognitive maps and their ability to think critically. Enriching the complexity and specificity of language simultaneously produces effective thinking.
Gathering data through all senses
Information gets into the brain through sensory pathways.......sight, smell, taste, touch, and hearing. Most linguistic, cultural and physical learning is derived from the environment by observing or taking it in through the senses.
Listening with understanding
Discovering and Exploring
Habits of Mind
by Arthur L. Costa and Bena Kallick
Association of Supervision and Curriculum Development
Creating, imaging, innovating
Responding with wonderment
Thinking about thinking
Taking responsible risks
Striving for accuracy
Questioning and posing problems
Applying past knowledge
to new situations
Remaining open to
Success seems to be connected with action. Successful people keep moving. They make mistakes but they never quit.
If at first you don't succeed......
try, try again.
I do not so easily think in words.....after being hard at work having arrived at results that are perfectly clear.......I have to translate my thoughts in a language that does not run evenly with them.
Francis Galton, Geneticist
Fuzzy language is like
"It's like, um.....well,
it's so...,uh....ya know."
Words to avoid:
weird, nice, okay, stuff,
“I hear and I forget,
I see and I remember,
I do and I understand."
"Qualitative data" is data that relies on observation and interpretation as opposed to numbers, and may be depicted using a variety of media.
"Quantitative data" is data based strictly on numerical measurements.
Types of Data
The human brain has plasticity....the ability to rewire, change and even repair itself to become smarter. Thinking flexibly allows us to engage in multiple and simultaneous activities, or know when to think broadly, globally, or when detailed precision is required.
Shifting from multiple perceptual positions at will.
Egocentrism - Perceiving from our own perspective.
Allocentrism - Perceiving from another person's point of view.
Macrocentrism - Observing ourselves and our interactions with others.
Microcentric - Seeing the minute parts that make up the whole.
Find passion for whatever you do,
seek problems to solve, enjoy figuring
things out, relish the challenge, be
The curiosity of a cloud.....
The ability to know
what we know, and
what we don't know.
Becoming increasingly aware
of our actions, and the effect of those actions on ourselves and our environment, formal mental questions or plans of actions, rehearsing thoughts and ideas, monitoring plans, and making changes in direction when needed.
Going beyond established limits
Living on the edge of competency
Accepting confusion and uncertainty
Learn to see setbacks as interesting,
challenging and growth producing.
Humans learn from past experiences.
They call upon their stored knowledge
and experiences to support, explain, and processs new challenges. Humans can abstract meaning from one experience
and apply it to another new or novel situation.
"I've never made a mistake. I've only learned from experience."
Thomas A. Edison
Highly effective people
spend an inordinate amount of time and energy listening. (Covey , 1989)
The ability to listen to another person- to emphathize with and to understand that
person's point of view - is one of the highest forms of intelligent behavior.
The ability to paraphrase another person's ideas; ditect indicators of feelings or emotional states in oral and body language, and accurately express another person's concepts, emotions, and problems- are indicators of listening behavior
We all have the capacity to generate
novel, clever, or ingenious products, solutions, and techniques - if that capacity is developed. Creative people are open to criticism, hold up their products for others to judge, and they seek feedback in an ever-increasing effort to refine their technique. They are uneasity with the STATUS QUO.
There are many kinds of accuracy.....
the stamina, grade and elegance of the ballerina, or the mastery, flawless execution and economy of energy of a craftsman. Accuracy requires precision, correctness, faithfulness,
What evidence do you have?
How do you know that's true?
How reliable is that data source?
Humans are social. We congregrate in groups, draw energy from each other and seek reciprosity. We collaborate because we realize that we have more impact when we act collectively.
Intelligent people are continuously
learning. We strive for self improvement, personal growth, and
a sense of accomplishment when
we learning the and better ways of doing things.
"Insanity is continuing to do the same thing over and over and expecting different results."