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Transcript of maladjustment
Maladjustment The five main causes of
of adolescent are as follows: poor, faulty, or inadequate adjustment; especially : failure to reach a satisfactory adjustment between one's desires and the conditions of one's life (emotional maladjustment) Causes of Maladjustment Family Personal causes School-related causes Teacher-related causes Peer-group related causes The family as an institution has various functions to perform various causes e.g. social, economic and psychological contribute immensely to maladjusted behavior in children. (a) Social causes
(b) Economic causes
(c) Psychological causes Gibbon says that the social problem of one generation is the psychological problem of the next generation. Children coming from homes that have been broken due to death, divorce, desertion, separation etc., are often maladjusted in their behavior.
Such children feel insecure and become maladjusted. With the tremendous growth in population, it is extremely difficult for parents to provide even the basic necessities like food, clothing and shelter to their children. It invariably results in greater degree of frustration and hostility amongst them. Social Causes The occupational status of parents problems of unemployment poverty and low economic status breed maladjustment amongst children. Economic Cause If parents are over-possessive highly authoritative, unrealistic in their expectations incompatible and abusive, this will have an adverse effect upon their children. When the psychological needs are not met, children get frustrated and develop problems like nail biting fear of dark, lack of self confidence. Psychological Causes The individuals who are physically, mentally and visually handicapped react abnormally to the situation. When they cannot score well academically compared to their peers, they develop an inferiority complex.
Finally they isolate themselves from others and indulge in day-dreaming. When growing children do not find ways and means to channelize their energy in a purposeful manner in the school they exhibit in maladjusted behavior. If the teacher is unfair, biased or not involved with the student it certainly affects the mental health of the children in the school. Another important factor that disturbs the psycho-equilibrium of students is an unhealthy relationship with their peer group. HOW TO HELP
MALADJUSTED CHILDREN Step 1 Work with a mental health practitioner to identify the causes and nature of the maladjustment. If the child's maladjustment is interfering with her academic performance, social life and family interactions, take her to a child psychologist, licensed counselor or pediatrician for diagnosis, evaluation and treatment planning. Step 2 Collaborate with the child's counselor. Once the child meets with a mental health practitioner, he will receive a treatment plan. Most treatment plans require the help of teachers, parents and caregivers. As such, plan regular meetings with the child's mental health practitioner to discuss his progress and talk about ways that you can help him. Step 3 Set clear and realistic expectations. When working with maladjusted children, let them know how you expect them to behave and what the consequences will be if they do not comply with your requests, explains the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Use age and developmentally appropriate language and follow through with your disciplinary plans. Step 4 Praise good behaviors. In addition to punishing negative behaviors, focus on the good things the child does, rewarding appropriate behavior with praise. Step 5 Encourage good physical health. Psychologists states that good sleeping and eating habits, along with regular exercise, can help regulate a maladjusted child's moods. Step 6 Encourage the child to express her feelings in constructive ways. In addition to solitary activities such as drawing, painting and writing, talk to the child about how she is feeling. Let her know that feelings of anger and sadness are normal and discuss ways that she can express those feelings without being disruptive or harming others Step 7 Behave with patience and empathy. Although helping maladjusted children can be time-consuming and difficult, speak to them calmly and model positive behaviors.