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Johari Window

A model for communication
by

Sharon Hall

on 3 September 2014

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Transcript of Johari Window

The Johari Window
The Johari Window

Was developed about 30 years ago by Joseph Luft and Harrington Ingram.
Is a simple tool for understanding self awareness, personal development and improving communication.
Works on improving soft skill behaviours
and
Others
Self
This model refers to …
Each area represents information that is known
by the ‘self’ and / or ‘others’
The Johari Window is divided into 4 areas or regions
Unknown Area
Hidden Area
Blind Area
Open area
Johari Window
Unknown to others
Known to others
Unknown to self
Known to self
1
2
3
4
The model shows each window pane to be the same size

But Sizes actually change depending on the knowledge you have of a particular person

When meeting a new person, the window would be small because there isn’t much information known about the person and that person has little information about you

As relationships become better established, the size of the open area window becomes larger
The Window Panes
Hidden Area
For example, I know my name and so do you
This area can include not only factual information but also feelings, behaviours, motives, wants, needs etc

At first meeting, the size of this window is small since we know very little about each other.

But as we get to know each other, the window gets larger
This is something I know about myself that you also know about me
Open Area
The Open Area
Hidden Area
Open Area
For example, you don’t know that I take dancing lessons
It’s hidden because I haven’t told you yet
Once I share this information with you, the ‘hidden window’ becomes smaller and the ‘open’ area becomes bigger
These are things I know about myself that you do not know
The Hidden Area
Hidden Area
Open Area
Blind Area
For example, You may know that I blink a lot when I’m nervous
It’s a blind area because you know something I don’t
If you tell me that you’ve noticed this, then I become aware of this habit too
The ‘blind window’ then gets smaller and the ‘open window’ gets larger as I become more self aware
These are things that you know about me but I don’t know about myself
Blind Area
For example, as we work through a project together, it may become evident to us both that I am good at writing reports
Being placed in a new situation sometimes reveals new information not previously known to either person
It can trigger an awareness for personal growth
This window will become smaller and the open window will become bigger
This represents things that I don’t know about myself, but neither do you
Unknown Area
Unknown Area
Blind Area
Hidden Area
Open Area
Hidden Area
Open Area
For example, you don’t know that I take dancing lessons

It’s hidden because I haven’t told you yet
Once I share this information with you, the ‘hidden window’ becomes smaller and the ‘open’ area becomes bigger
These are things I know about myself that you do not know
The Hidden Area
Unknown Area
Blind Area
Hidden Area
Open Area
For example, as we work through a project together, it may become evident to us both that I am good at writing reports

Being placed in a new situation sometimes reveals new information not previously known to either person

It can trigger an awareness for personal growth
This window will become smaller and the open window will become bigger
Hidden Area
Open Area
Blind Area
For example, You may know that I blink a lot when I’m nervous
It’s a blind area because you know something I don’t
If you tell me that you’ve noticed this, then I become aware of this habit too
The ‘blind window’ then gets smaller and the ‘open window’ gets larger as I become more self aware
These are things that you know about me but I don’t know about myself
Blind Area
Enlarging the open area is called “self disclosure”

When you interact with people, there has to be some give and take – back and forth

Example: I share some information about myself
I have a dog.
You share something about yourself
I prefer cats

Through this interaction, both of our ‘open areas’ are getting bigger and our ’hidden areas’ are getting smaller.
Open Area
As you develop a comfort level and your self esteem increases, you might ask others to comment on your blind spots.
A newcomer might ask people to correct their grammar (the speaker doesn’t know when he’s making mistakes but the listeners do)
We may have feelings of incompetence, dependence, need to control and manipulate. – these are difficult to face but may be noticed by others
I may not know that I automatically take a position of control in every situation – but others notice and may resent it (I’m in the dark about why they behave negatively towards me)
Blind Area
As you develop a comfort level and your self esteem increases, you might ask others to comment on your blind spots.
A newcomer might ask people to correct their grammar (the speaker doesn’t know when he’s making mistakes but the listeners do)
We may have feelings of incompetence, dependence, need to control and manipulate. – these are difficult to face but may be noticed by others
I may not know that I automatically take a position of control in every situation – but others notice and may resent it (I’m in the dark about why they behave negatively towards me)
Blind Area
Example: Someone says “I’m not upset!” yet their face is red and they look upset.
Overt Communication: What was actually said
Covert Communication: (hidden) What was actually meant
Overt and Covert Communication
Unknown Area
Hidden Area
Blind Area
Open area
Johari Window
Unknown to others
Known to others
Unknown to self
Known to self
1
2
3
4
Unknown Area
The Johari Window
The Johari Window
Full transcript