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BTEC Injury in Sport

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by

Carl Longmore

on 4 March 2013

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Transcript of BTEC Injury in Sport

BTEC SPORT

UNIT 10

Injury & the performer CAUSES OF SPORTING INJURY Physiological - PHYSICAL BODY

- Overuse
- Intrinsic
- Extrinsic Psychological - MIND

- Anxiety
- Personality
- Concentration Negative emotional feeling when performer feels threatened by a situation.

FEAR OF FAILURE!!

Trait Anxiety
Personal Characteristics, react to certain situations in specific ways Unique to each individual

Performers own personality can affect performance. Coaches should treat performers differently according to personality Ability to maintain focus

Make sense of information they take in and decide on a course of action. Information overload leads to indecision and negative performance OCCUR OVER TIME

Often caused by repeated use of certain joints and bones

- Tennis Elbow

- Swimmers Shoulder

- Shin Splints (Football) COME FROM INSIDE THE BODY IN-trinsic

Each individual has their own injury threshold

- Sudden muscle tear

- Ruptured ligaments

- Sprained Joint OUTSIDE FORCE APPLIED TO BODY

Contact of the body;

- Rugby Scrum

- Football Tackle

- Hit with a bat

Environment;

- Hit the floor

- Running into a post

- Slipping over TYPES OF INJURY BASIC INJURY


- SPRAIN

- BRUISING COMPLEX INJURY


- FRACTURE

- DISLOCATION JOINTS are supported by LIGAMENTS - Strong bands that connect bones together SPRAINS are a simple STRETCH or TEAR of LIGAMENTS ANKLE SPRAIN - Occurs when the foot turns inwards, pressure on outer ligaments BRUISING often occurs due to a blow to the outer part of of the body MUSCLE squashed between the IMPACT OBJECT and BONE, capillaries are torn and bleed causing bruise SPORTING EXAMPLE - Cricket ball striking the leg FRACTURES - Complete or incomplete break of a bone COMPOUND FRACTURE

- Broken bone that penetrates the skin

- Requires operation

- High impact injury - Strong tackle SIMPLE FRACTURE

- Broken bone that does not penetrate the skin

- More difficult to diagnose

- Some discomfort and swelling DISLOCATION - When the ends of your bones are forced from their normal positions When do they occur?

- Contact Sports;

- Football

- Hockey

- Rugby Where do they occur?

- Major Joints;

- Knee

- Elbow

- Hip ILLNESS ASTHMA

- Over sensitive airways become
narrow and inflamed

- Brought on by change in temperature
at the start of exercise

- COUGHING, WEEZING, SHORTNESS
OF BREATH HEART ATTACK

- Blood flow to section of heart is blocked


- Can occur when the heart is increasing its workload; Still very rare in sport

- PAIN IN CENTRE OF CHEST, SHORT BREATH, VOMITING ILLNESS VIRAL INFECTIONS

- Common Cold

- Can cause poor performance in sport

- HIGH TEMPERATURE, DIZZINESS,
EXHAUSTION HYPOGLYCAEMIA

- Low levels of blood sugar in body

- Undertaken a lot of physical activity so bloody sugar depleted

- SWEATING, HUNGER, WEAKNESS, TROUBLE SPEAKING D1 CHALLENGE Pick ONE type of INJURY (Fracture) and create a poster with the following information;

- The types of injury

- The symptoms of each type

- Sports it may occur in

- Part of the body it affects
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