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Chapter 9 - The Confederation and the Constitution
Transcript of Chapter 9 - The Confederation and the Constitution
(Written 1777; Ratified 1781) Directions Constitutional Convention Held Compromises The AoC Do Not Work Out The former colonies must work at creating a country Each state only had one vote in Congress, regardless of size (1)
Congress had not have the power to tax (2)
Congress did not have the power to regulate foreign and interstate commerce (3)
There was no executive branch to enforce any acts passed by Congress (4)
There was no national court system (5)
Amendments to the Articles of Confederation required a unanimous vote (6)
Laws required a 9/13 majority to pass in Congress (7) Draw and color a political cartoon that describe the weakness of the Articles of Confederation that you have been assigned
Fill out the political cartoon analysis sheet that you were given for your political cartoon
Present tomorrow States refuse to voluntarily pay taxes
States taxing each other
Shay's Rebellion brings fear of "democratic despotism"
Some people (elite) actually asked for a king Purpose was to revise AoC
5/25/1787 - Philadelphia
55 delegates all wealthy men
Concerned over saving union over establishing democracy
Daniel Shay's a "founding father?" "Large State Plan" vs "Small State Plan"
The Great Compromise
2 House Legistature
Senate - 2 reps per state
House of Reps - Reps based on Pop
Congress can not end slavery until 1807 The Pursuit of Equality Egalitarian policies
Reduced property-holding requirements
No indentured servitude (1800)
Changed inheritance laws
Separation of Church and State
Congregational church stayed in place
Anglican Church shook up
Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom (1786) What About Blacks? Women? After revolution, no state south of Penn abolished slavery
Emancipated folks still faced restrictions
Slavery kept nation together
Women still second class citizens
Republicanism ---------> Civic Virtue
"Republican Motherhood" New State Constitutions States make new constitutions to align with republicanism
Massachusetts (state constitution)
Accumulation of laws vs fundamental laws
Legislative branches given the most power
Many loyalists left, people who are willing to experiment stayed behind