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Zebra adaptations-science

about the adaptations a zebra has to survive in its environment.
by

Sarah Merrington

on 12 August 2013

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Transcript of Zebra adaptations-science

The Adaptations
of a Zebra

Zebras live in savannas or grasslands in Africa. There are different species of zebra but they are all similar. Theses herbivores have a predator prey relationship with many African predators such as lions. Zebras are social animals and live with a family of, usually of one male or stallion and mares and their foals and live in a herd of thousands. Many species are endangered because of habitat loss due to farming and as they are hunted by humans for skin etc. the are about 4-5 feet tall, they weigh up to 408kg and live from 18 years in the wild and 30 in captivity.Zebras live in savannas or grasslands in Africa. There are different species of zebra but they are all similar. Theses herbivores have a predator prey relationship with many African predators such as lions. Zebras are social animals and live with a family of, usually of one male or stallion and mares and their foals and live in a herd of thousands. Many species are endangered because of habitat loss due to farming and as they are hunted by humans for skin etc. the are about 4-5 feet tall, they weigh up to 408kg and live from 18 years in the wild and 30 in captivity.
Zebras are herbivores, which means they are adapted to eat grass. They have strong teeth adapted to cutting and can also use there teeth to groom each other and bite predators. This structural change to the teeth helps them to eat grass effectively and avoid being eaten themselves.
The zebra has many predators, the main one being the lion but hyenas and wild dogs are also great threats. It is dangerous to be a lone animal in an open environment because you will be seen as weak and attacked but Zebras have adapted to live in heard, which is a behavioral change, and have their own individual, black and white stripes, which is a structural change. This is so that when they are in a herd the zebras are hard to distinguish individually ultimately making it more difficult for predators to attack as well as making harder to tell if one particular animal is weal or not.


The savannahs and grasslands that zebras live in are mostly grass meaning this is what thy must eat it to survive. The Zebras have structurally adapted to have long necks and heads so that they can reach the grass to eat it. A philological adaptation that a zebra has is its ability to digest grass. This is important because grass is plentiful and is an important part of there diet.
Zebras have many fast predators making it essential that they are fast to. They have adapted to be able to run up 64kph. This means they have long strong, slender legs and a good body shape. They can even at close range kick a predator suck as a line and seriously injure or even kill. Zebras also have large lungs so they can run longer than a lion may be able to. They also have single hooves, which help then to run on hard ground. These structural Changes help them avoid being attacked by predators.
If zebras did not have a layer of fat it would make it easier for the weakest to be picked out. Predators cannot pick out the weakest because they all appear fit and healthy. Zebras also have a layer of fur to protect them from the sun/heat of an African day. These are structural changes.
Zebras have adapted to have very good senses, like vision and hearing, because this helps them know when predators are near. Some species of zebra live on mountains. They have specially adapted hooves, which are hard and pointy so they can walk on slopes. These are structural changes.

Zebras often herd with other grazing animals such as gazelles, elephants and giraffes because it means there are more animals to keep watch for predators. This behavioural change means that zebras have a better chance to know when there may be danger near by. Also some other behavioural adaptations are when a herd/family member is attacked the rest of the family form a semicircle around it to protect it from any further attack and a group of zebras will walk with the old and the sick so that they will not be attacked.


Zebras are intelligent, social creatures that are highly adapted for their surroundings and threats.
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