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Module 1010: Tourism Sector, ( By Jaime Sweet )
Transcript of Module 1010: Tourism Sector, ( By Jaime Sweet )
History of Tourism
Traveling is something that has always been around and developed over time. It began with people like Christopher Columbus and Napoleon who discovered new places around the world, to bring the new cultures, languages as well as experiences, back to their home countries. As transportation has gotten easier, tourism has increased. It started as wealthy people traveling around to see architecture, learn new languages, see new cultures and taste different foods.Young, upper class men used to travel around Europe. In 1840 traveling Europe was just standard itinerary. It used to an educational right of passage for young English men. They also had a post Oxford Trek to France and Italy, for art and culture. France and Italy was commonly chosen for earlier travel because of their art and culture.
Motivations for Travel.
Now a days, a very common reason for travel is people working away, whether it is a conference in a different town/city or just working away for things like the rigs, pipe lines, mulching trees and other jobs that require travel. Also people travel when they are in long distance relationships in order to see their significant other while they are either in different schools, or just can afford to move in with each other yet. Also, people travel with their schools, for more educational purposes, in order to learn about many things like culture, food and history. People also travel just to have the experience.
Twenty First Century Travel Trends
1.) New technologies, like the ability to purchase plane tickets, hotel rooms and other travel things online through sites like Expedia, have increased the amount of travel that goes on.
2.) Cruise ships aren't a painstaking ordeal anymore. Now they have become almost small cities, carrying large amounts of people with many forms of entertainment, and even basic needs. It used to be only for rich people, but now they are frequently valued for families.
3.)The amount of security you have to go through to travel has greatly increased after 9/11. People now aren't allowed to bring any form of liquid onto planes. You also have to go through screenings, as well as random pat downs, and sometimes random searches.
These factors are based on money. if you do not have much money or just don't want to spend much, but really want to travel, you could stay in things like a hostel, or do "couch hoping" where you find people on sites like craigslist, who are offering their couches or beds for tourists for cheap. Where as if you have a lot of money and are willing to spend it then you would stay in places like resorts and/or expensive hotels.
These reasons for traveling are based on the age and state of the traveler. Meaning a person who is older, or maybe not in the best physical shape, is not going to want to go on a hiking trip or a trip that involves a lot of fast paced physical activity, they might prefer city tours that have either wagons, buses or just a fair amount of breaks. Where as if you're younger, or just in great shape you might want to go on very outdoorsy trips that would involve hiking through the mountains,a camping trip, or just a face paced city/ town tour.
If you live in a place like Canada, you might want to visit a place that is more tropical. Where as people who live in a place like Cuba, may want to come to Canada because they have never seen a "white Christmas". Also things that draw tourists are very often scenery, like mountains, forests and wildlife.
Affects of Tourism
Factors that influence industry activity.
Being a responsible tourist.
Employment Opportunities in Travel
Tourism creates jobs for people in the travel industry. It also benefits the retail industry by boosting sales. It also creates a need for places to hold on to traditions and customs,as people want to see different things. It can also raise awareness of global issues ( poverty, etc) Also, it can promote the conservation of wildlife.
Tourism creates the need for places for tourists to stay, which usually comes from government money (tax revenues). It also can hurt local businesses. Tourism can cause crowding, congestion as well as alcohol or drug issues (red light district Amsterdam). It can cause more pollution from people flying, busing and driving around.
International Aid Worker
Aid workers can travel around the world to help countries that are recovering from crisis, natural disaster, war, and famine. This is a very beneficial career, you not only get to travel all over the world (mainly third world countries) you get to help people, and can earn a large salary.
A flight attendant travels all around the world, working to give everyone a safe and comfortable flight. The major benefit of this job is free flexible travel, and sometimes you can choose where you're going. Also, your family can travel free/discounted as well.
Being a responsible tourist means that you aren't causing any negative impacts on the areas you're visiting.
Ways to be a responsible tourist, supporting local economy, saying no to activities that are cruel to animals (elephant rides, performing animals) Also try not buy animal souvenirs (elephant tusks, skins) . You can chose eco tourism, which is low impact on the environment activities.
Some things that have a political impact on the travel industry are war, conflict, and terrorism. People are going to be either not leaving the country if there is acts of war or terroism because they would feel safer at home. But also if there is war and supreme conflict going on, you are going to have refugees fleeing the areas they live which can cause a high concentration in of vulnerable people in one area.
Things that would be socially affecting the tourism industry would be people who are playing sports at a national level, and they are traveling around frequently, as well as if they get switched they may have to move. Sometimes people are just looking to adventure with other people. And with destinations changing, by becoming "unfashionable", as well as new and emerging places coming about, through changes in society. Also people have a demand for shorter or longer stays, and acomidations.