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Ancient Greece

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Kylee Stitz

on 21 August 2013

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Transcript of Ancient Greece

Thesmophoria and Demeter Thesmophos
Ancient Greece

The Greeks created athletic contests in honor
of their gods.

The Panhellenic Games were four separate
sports festivals held in ancient Greece.

The Games took place in a four-year cycle known
as the Olympiad, which was one of the ways the Greeks measured time.

Women were not allowed in the
Most of the celebrations were sacrifices!
The blood Sacrifice was the most common of the sacrifices
They first would have a procession with an animal that they would decorate with gold.
Water and barley seeds were thrown
At the the alter the animals head was lifted and its throat slashed
The blood was collected and the body was the cut open to examine
Social Structure
* Made up of independent states
*Greek Society was mainly broken up between Free People and Slaves
* Slaves had no legal rights
* As Athenian society evolved, free men were divided between Citizens and Metics
*The social classes applied to men oly
*Women took their social and legal stats from their husband or male partner
* Women in Ancient Greece were not permitted to take part in public life

* 800 B.C.
- The majority of Greek states were governed
rich landowners called aristocrats
- System known as 'Oligarchy'
* 750 B.C.
-Athenian power in the Archaic Period was
controlled by Aeropagus
- The policies were delivered through 3
magistrates called Archons
* 500 B.C.
- Democracy was introduced by an aristocrat
- Cleisthenes was from a family of the
Alcmaeonids in 508 B.C.
* The Greeks worshiped many gods, creating a polytheistic society *The Greeks heavily depended on their gods to uphold their society * In order to show their appreciation to the gods and oracles, the Greeks would perform a series of rituals, ceremonies, sacrifices, and offerings *Another reason for these sacrifices was to unite the people in a regular pattern
Were major religious events that occurred annually, every two years, every four years.
The rituals of the festivals mostly all had in common to maintain a good relationship with the gods.
The festival of Athens are best known and they set aside 60 days a year for festivals.
Ancient Greek Festivals
Different Festivals
Anthesteria - festival of Dionysus and the new wine
Apaturia - festival of the phratry brotherhood
Dionysia - dramatic festival of Dionysus
Eleusinia - festival of games held at Eleusis
Pyanepsia - a bean feast
Thargelia - festival of Apollo and the new harvest
Thesmophoria - festival of Demeter celebrated by women
-Clothing was ususally homeade
-2 main clothing for men and women were
a peplo or chiton and cloak.
-Women somtimes wore shawls over theres
-Men normally wore a short cloak for riding
-Bracelets were often worn in pairs or in matched sets
-It was often passed down from generation to generation, or dedicated to sanctuaries

Eleusian Mysteries
Dedicated to goddesses
The mysteries were kept secret and the telling would warrant death
It was in honor of Demeter and her daughter, Persephone
Separated into two parts, Minor and Major
It was the celebration of fertility and purification.
Torch light Dancing
Held in late May
Vegetation festival and guilt
The scapegoat was fed, led through town, then banned from the city.
The scapegoat might be thrown off a cliff or thrown into the sea.
This ritual cleansed the town and prepared for the new harvest.
Thargelia Festival
Everyday Life
*Men trained in the military, discussed politics, and attended theatre for entertainment
*Productions included current politics and gods in some form *It is thought that women were not allowed to watch or perform * Lives of women were closely tied to domestic work *Not involved in public lifeor politics *Children occupied their time playing games or with toys * Majority of Ancient Greeks made their living from farming *Citizens often had land outside the city which provided their income
-It all began with festivials honoring their gods.
-Theatre buildings were called a theatron.
-The theaters were large, open-air structures constructed on the slopes of hills.
-They consisted of three main elements: the orchestra, the skene, and the audience

-They had comedy plays also
Truly made for married women.
Celebrated in October (Pyanopsion)
Ceremony included rituals concerning fertility.
The women threw young pigs into a hole and left them to decay
The intestines with seed was processed by a group of women who hadn't done anything 9 days prior.
Then planted into the ground to represent the birth and death of the earth.
Second day women fasted


-The Ancient Greek were the first people to use the alphabet.
-It has different theories of origin- first some believe it migrated with the Proto-Greek speakers into the Greek Peninsula.
Second Theory considers the migration into Greece happened before Proto-Greek
-They also had three types of dialect

orchestra: is large circular or rectangular area at the center part of the theatre, where the play, dance, religious rites, acting used to take place
Skene:A large rectangular building situated behind the orchestra, used as a backstage

Was a festival held in Greek cities, in honor of the goddesses Demeter and her daughter Persephone.
The name comes from thesmoi. Means laws by which men must work the land.
Third of the year when Demeter quit from her role of goddess of the harvest and growth.
Spent the harsh summer months of Greece, vegetation dies and lacks rain, in mourning for her daughter. Their distinctive feature was the sacrifice of pigs.
Olympic Games - every 4 years

Pythian Games - every 4 years (2 years after Olympic Games)

Nemean Games - every 2 years (2nd and 4th year of Olympics)

Isthmian Games - every 2 years
The Panhellenic Games
chariot racing


Discus Throws
Javelin Hurling
Long Jump


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