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The Communication Revolution of the 19th Century

The Communication Revolution of the 19th century - Postal Service, Telegraph, Mores Code, and more!!
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Breana Marr

on 11 December 2012

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Transcript of The Communication Revolution of the 19th Century

The Communication Revolution of the 19th century opened up the door that led inventors down a path to what is now the Modern Day 21st century communications. Many things needed to happen to open up this door. Everything started with the post office, which in time led to a telegraph, then improvements in the newspaper presses, and finally the type writer The Communication Revolution of the 19th century The telegraph was going to effect the news paper industry, they needed to do something... quick. Improvement in the Newspaper Presses Once 1847 rolled around, so did Alfred Ely Beach's typewriter. After neglecting it for other things though, S.W. Francis invented an improved typewriter with a spot to hold ink. The Typewriter July 26th, 1775 at a meting in Philadelphia the second continental congress agreed "That a postmaster General be appointed for the United Colonies, who shall hold his office at Philada, and shall be allowed a salary of 1000 dollars per an: for himself, and 340 dollars per an: for a secretary and Comptroller, with power to appoint such, and so many deputies as to him may seem proper and necessary." - Second Continental Congress. The postal service continued to grow and prosper throughout time. The 18th century brought along steamboats, trains, and automobiles to help carry and distribute mail. As the 19th century approached improvements dragged along behind it. Planes and letter sorting machines helped to make the postal service better and faster. Postal Service Benjamin Franklin became the first Postmaster General of the United States due to serving when the Declaration of Independence made the colonies a United States of America. Abraham Lincoln became the first and only President to serve as a postmaster. May 7, 1833 Lincoln became the postmaster of New Salem Illinois. He served until the office closed May 30, 1836 living up to his "Honest Abe" title. The Telegraph Not one single person can be credited with the work of the telegraph. Many people had to work on different parts throughout history before someone could come up with the electric Telegraph Industry. Samual Morse got hold of a patent in the U.S. in 1838, but split the rights to gain partners. In 1843 the Congress gave Morse a $30,000 grant to build an experimental line between Baltimore and Washington. In 1848 Morse expanded his partnership out to four people. Amos Kendall, Leonard Gale, Alfred Vail, and Morse himself. Gale and Vail ended up helping Morse to develop the telegraph's technology. Royal House and Alexander Bain had created rival patents in 1846 and 1849. House created an invention that had a keyboard at one end and printed out letters at the other. Bain had something similar to Morse. Instead of dots there was a discolored piece of chemically treated paper. In 1851, ten separate firms ran lines into New York City. The Bureau of the Census reported 75 companies with 21,147 miles of wire. 400 papers an hour was all hand pressing could achieve. They needed to step it up with a steam driven printing press. Richard March Hoe invented the revolving press, increasing newspaper productions to 100,000 copies an hour. Even with the new revolving press news paper companies needed something to improve the type by type method for type setting. Although these two men did work with the original type writers Christopher Latham Sholes is accredited as "The Father of the Typewriter." In June and July of 1868 Sholes, Soule, and Glidden were given patents. With the help of James Densmore providing funds for the typewriter, 1871 brought the patent for the improved typewriter. Works Cited
"A Brief History of Typewriters." A Brief History of Typewriters. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Dec. 2012.
I mainly thought that this cite was helpful purely because of the pictures. It didn't contain a lot of information but I think all the pictures were really fun and interesting to look at and explore. This was more of a 'fun' cite then one that I used for informational research.
Casale, John. "Telegraph-History." Telegraph-History. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Dec. 2012.
This is the main cite that contains over 25 links to pictures, maps, and information about people that were a part of the telegraph industry. It contains maps of the United States lines of the Morse's Electro-Magnetic Telegraph that were being constructed. It also contains a map of the telegraph stations in the United States. The author added in a really cool section about Samuel Morse's last message. Many people know the story about his first telegraph message so it was neat to learn about his last one as well. There are also many pictures of different pictures of telegraphs and the people who built them.
Economic History Association. "History of the U.S. Telegraph Industry." Economic History Services. Economic History Association, n.d. Web. 7 Dec. 2012.
This site was packed with words, and useful information. Although I did read every word of it, I was only able to use so much of it before my whole project became based on just the Telegraph Industry. It provides information on people who tried to create a telegraph, and those who succeeded in making one come to life. The author takes you through a story of history based on Samuel Morse, Claude Chappe, Amos Kendall, Leonard Gale, and Alfred Vail. Not only does it tell a story of this group but another group who made rival patents in the competition of telegraphs. As if all this wasn't enough, the article includes useful graphs, maps, and timelines.
"The Evolution of Communication Media." About.com Inventors. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Dec. 2012.
This article is all about the Evolution of Communication Media. On this first page it only tells the story of the newspaper presses and how the newspaper industry was improved. Within the limited amount of space given the author makes sure to pack of punch of information. I feel like the author did a really good job of only putting in the needed information and leaving out the space fillers. I really enjoyed how this article was written which lead me to continue reading the rest of the articles on the communication revolution. I didn't even think of putting anything about the newspaper industries into my project because I didn't think they had that much of an effect on the communication era, I was wrong. After this article I was able to include a chunky portion into the Newspaper Industry section.
The Great Idea Finder. "Inventor Christopher Sholes Biography." Inventor Christopher Sholes Biography. The Great Idea Finder, n.d. Web. 10 Dec. 2012.
I found this site after I had already gotten all the information I needed on Christopher Sholes typewriter invention. It's a short and simple story of the journey he went through to create and patent the typewriter. There was useful information on this birth, death, and his definition of a typewriter. The author also includes a short timeline of milestones. The most helpful part of this cite was the list of other websites that was listed at the very bottom to help with further research.
"The Invention of The Typewriter." About.com Inventors. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Dec. 2012.
After reading about the Newspaper Industry, I was lead to the next part of history - Typewriters. Again, I wasn't even going to add this into the project. I felt that the author did a very good job at explain what happened in the typewriting industry so I had to include this into my project. We're told a story about people who weren't given credit for inventing the original typewriters and a story about the person credited for being the father of it. Both stories are intriguing and informational. The author did a very good job of keeping this article cleaned up and didn't add any unnecessary clutter into the mix.
United States Postal Service. "Abraham Lincoln, Postmaster." Usps. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Dec. 2012.
This was a very short description on Abraham Lincoln’s service as a Postmaster. The author was very informational and was able to include a lot of information within a short amount of space. At the very bottom of the article is another quote. Although I didn't use this one in my project, it was accurate and showed that the author really did the research in putting this article together. It describes how much Lincoln was paid, what his job was, and how he upheld the image of 'Honest Abe'.
United States Postal Service. "The History of the United States Postal Service: An American History." Usps.com. N.P., n.d. Web. 7 Dec. 2012.
On this first page, the authors gave a quote on what the Second Continental congress agreed on in Philadelphia. This quote was quite educational, and I ended up using it in part of my project. They did a good job at summarizing how 18th, 19th, and 20th century helped improve the industry. This cite really helped me to improve on my project, and gave me more topics to research and investigate on. The typewriter was vital to the communications revolution because it provided a way for the blind to clearly write. Before the typewriter they couldn't clearly communicate their thoughts on paper, but after the invention of the type writer many more people were able to communicate through it. The typewriter was like the early 'computer'. Because of this invention we now have a keyboard with a computer system that is leading us through another communications revolution as we speak. House's Telegraph Alexander Bain's Telegraph Samual Morse's Telegraph
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