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Ancient Greece

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caleb horchem

on 12 October 2012

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Transcript of Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece The Minoans lived on the small island of Crete. The Minoans success was based off of trade and not conquests. The traders set out outposts through out the Aegean world. The Minoans went from the Mediterranean to the Nile Valley to the middle East, they acquired ideas and technology in fields such as writing and art. Early people of the Aegean Minoan rulers lived in a vast palace at Knossos. It included shrines to honor Gods and Goddesses. The walls of the palace were covered in frescoes, watercolor paintings done on wet plaster. The frescoes tell a lot about Minoan society. Examples are religious images showed Minoans worshiped a bull as well as the mother goddess. Minoan art at Knossos By about 1400 BC Minoan civilization had vanished. Archaeologists aren't sure why they disappeared. A sudden eruption of a volcano on a nearby island rained down flaming death at Knossos. Also it was evident that invaders played a role in the disappearance of the Minoan civilization. These invaders were the Mycenaeans, the first greek speaking people of written record. fall of Minoans Rise of Greek city states The Mediterranean and the Aegean were as central to the developing Greeks as the Nile was to the Egyptians. Greeks city states were located all around Greece and the surrounding islands. Greece is part of the Balkan Peninsula which extends into the Mediterranean Sea. Rugged mountains divide Greece into valleys which they farm to produce food for the people. Most of the land was mountainous and rugged so the most fertile places to farm were the valleys between the mountains. Throughout Greece different city states were governed in different ways. For Sparta it was a Warrior society, boys at the age of seven begin training for military. In Athens they were governed by a democracy which was controlled by the people. Geography/government The Persian Wars, where greek city states fought against the Persian empire. It started when the Athenians helped the Ionians with their uprising. After the rebellion was crushed the Persians attacked the Athenians at Marathon. The Athenians won that battle but knew they weren't gonna be able to last long against the Persians. After that the greek states united to take on the Persians. After that was the Peloponnesian Wars. They were fought between Athens and Sparta. In the end Sparta ended up winning. Conflict in the Greek world Greek philosophers who used observation and reason to find cause of events. Greek philosophers like Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle were remembered for asking people about their beliefs. Socrates, using the Socratic method would pose a series of questions to a passing citizens and challenge them to examine the implications of their answers. Plato left Athens for 10 years after Socrates died and came back and started a school called the academy where he emphasized the importance of reason. He wrote a book called the Republic where he described his vision of an ideal state. Aristotle developed his own ideas about government. Like Plato he was suspicious of democracy and preferred a strong virtuous leader. The Glory that was Greece Monumental Architecture, Greek architects sought to convey a sense of perfect balance to reflect the harmony and order of the universe. The most famous example is the Parthenon, a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena. Greek artists also made human sculptures and paintings to show human beings in their most perfect, graceful form. Greek literature was also a big part of their society. Dramas, tragedies and comedies were shows that greeks played as a passing time and entertainment. Herodotus was called the father of history for going to different parts of asia minor and retold the story of the Persian Wars. Idealism in Architecture and art After the death of Phillip the second his younger son took the throne of Macedonia. Like his father Alexander wanted to build Macedonia into a great powerful empire. First Macedonia conquered Greece. After that they focused on conquering the Persian empire. Alexander the Great and his vast army moved through Asia minor and over the Hindu Kusch all the way to eastern India. After that they fell back to Babylon and Alexander fell to a bad fever and died during the height of his empire in 323BC. But greek culture flourished all over the empire and showed in many cities. during the Hellenistic age there were many advances in math and medicine. also a lot of new inventions were made, for example the Archimedes Screw. Alexander and the Hellenistic age.
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