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Transcript of domestic violence
-Support and advocacy
-safe place for women to learn about legal, medical, and other community resources
-transitional support services including housing referrals http://lawc.on.ca/ 217 York Street Suite 107 St Joseph's Hospital, Regional Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence Treatment Center Providing care for women, children, and men experiencing sexual assault and/or domestic violence living in Oxford, Elgin, and Middlesex counties http://www.sjhc.london.on.ca/sexualassault 268 Grosvenor Street Services Offered
Domestic Violence Program - Documentation of injuries, safety planning, contact with Children's Aid Society, referral to safe housing, appointment with lawyer, follow-up appointment and referral to community counselling services
Sexual Assault Program - Physical assessment, forensic evidence collection, antibiotics for STD prevention, map for pregnancy prevention and follow-up physical and emotional care A Brief History of Domestic Violence Providing safe places and services for abused women and their children, since 1978 •Throughout history women have been considered the property of men. Thus it is indicated that domestic violence has been around since the beginning of monogamous relationships. http://www.shelterlondon.org/ 101 Wellington Road
450 Clarke Road
1416 Ernest Avenue Emergency, Short-term Shelter -67 beds available at 2 shelter locations both free of charge
-Programs available for personal safety planning, programs for children who have witnessed violence
-mental and physical support
-Childcare program so women can attend group meetings Second Stage Housing -Tansitional Outreach Services
-24- hour abused women's hotline -Offers well- maintained, family- oriented, affordable housing with a focus on safety
-25 self-contained apartments for women and their children
-Women can stay in a rent-geared-to-income for up to a year Changing Ways helps men to eliminate their abusive and violent behaviour in their primary and intimate relationships Helping men to end violence against women 825 Bradley Street What services does offer its students? Silence Isn't Consent Silence isn't Consent is an education, awareness, training and social marketing campaign developed by Campus Security Services- Fanshawe College
It is the mission of Fanshawe College Campus Security Services and each of its members to work collaboratively with one another and our community to ensure the maintenance of a safe and secure learning environment free of unreasonable disruption and fear of harm, to provide opportunities for learning and personal growth and to maintain an atmosphere of tolerance and respect.
Our goals are to:
• Increase awareness about the continuum of sexual violence
• Teach bystander skills to safely intervene when necessary
• Empower students to recognize their role in ending sexual violence http://www.rakehellrow.com/bali/sexualassault/index.html Other Resources Legal Aid Options
Centre for Children and Families in the Justice System of the London Family Court Clinic
Canadian Legal Frequently Asked Questions
Ontario Ministry of the Attorney General - Violence in the Family
Legal aid Ontario Women's Shelters Zhaawanong Shelter
256 Hill Street London, Ontario 519 432-2270
Women's Emergency Centre
975 James Street.,Woodstock, Ontario 519 539-4811 Toll free 1-800-265-1938
Elgin County Women's Shelter
76 Wellington Street,St. Thomas, Ontario519 633-0155or 1-800-265-4305 Sexual Assault Centre London379 Dundas St.Unit 121 London, Ontario 519 439-0844 24-hour crisis and support line 519 438-2272 Community Resources What are some characteristics of a healthy relationship? Domestic Abuse in North America •In 1824 the Mississippi Supreme court ruled that in order for a man to take measures to control his wife he must provide “reasonable justification” for his actions.
•In 1866 one of the first shelters for battered women was opened by Martha White McWhirter •For the most part throughout history there were no laws in place to protect women from domestic abuse. In many colonized countries it was encouraged to beat women to shame them into being obedient in accordance with the “ Christian Ideals of Marriage” •In the 1870s it was finally established that men were not allowed to publicaly beat their wives, according to the North Carolina Supreme Court. However the law that stated that “ a husband has no right to chastise his wife under any circumstances” also noted ; “if no permanent injury had been inflicted it was better to shut the incident out of public gaze and leave the parties to forgive and forget” •In 1876 a women named Lucy Stone published an article speaking out against violence against women. •In 1904 President Theodore Roosevelt was the first president to publicly denounce domestic violence. •In 1974 the first official shelter for battered women was opened in Minnesota as part of the first organized movement for violence against women. •In 1984 a Virginia court rules that a women cannot be forced to have sex with her husband •In 1994 The Violence against women’s act was created •In 1999 October was designated as “Domestic Violence Awareness” month Meanwhile in
•In 1883 the Canadian Women’s Suffrage Association was established
•It wasn’t until 1909 that it became a crime to abduct a woman. Before this any abduction of a woman over the age of 16 received no punishment. Except in the case of a heiress, which received a slightly lighter punishment than the theft of a cow.
•In 1917 British Columbia granted mothers the same rights over their children as their fathers. Allowing women to protect their children in cases of battery.
• In 1925 women are granted to right to divorce
•In 1964 Quebec’s national assembly finally gave married women the same rights as their husbands.
•In 1983 the Canadian criminal code changes the definition of “rape” to three separate categories of sexual assault allowing statutory rape to come into effect, meaning a women could not be forced to have sex with her husband and vice versa. Domestic Violence is defined as... "pattern of abusive behavior in any relationship that is used by one partner to gain or maintain power and control over another intimate partner, can happen to anyone regardless of race, age, sexual orientation, religion, or gender", and can take many forms, including physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional, economic, and psychological abuse."
-defined by, US Office on Violence Against Women (OVW) every six days a woman in Canada is killed by her intimate partner. As of 2010, there were 582 known cases of missing or murdered Aboriginal women in Canada. Both Amnesty International and the United Nations have called upon the Canadian government to take action on this issue, without success. Sexual
Verbal Cycle of Abuse The Changing Ways program offers hope for men to change and build stronger and more loving families. It gives men an opportunity to learn, grow and change.
The program involves several components including:
• Information & Assessment Night
• Intake Interview
• Basic Education – 10 weeks
• Consolidation – 6 weeks
• Phase II – 12 weeks (optional) Legal Consequences Ontario has a mandatory charging policy which means that police, not you, will decide whether to lay charges.
Crown prosecutors are required to prosecute in all spousal abuse cases where a reasonable likelihood of conviction exists. Abuser could be charged with (London Abused Women's Center, 2011) ("London Abused Women's Center") ("St. Joseph's Health Care London") ("St. Joseph's Health Care London") http://www.changingways.on.ca/ ("Changing Ways") ("Changing Ways") (Women's Community House) (Women's Community House) (Fanshawe College) Signs of Abuse name calling Facts 40% of women say that still experienced violence, even after the relationship ended Behavior of children that is exposed to violence included: Effects Of Abuse of Children Violence Against Men Statistics on domestic violence against men are commonly inaccurate due to less frequent reports
Very few advocacy groups for violence against men
Domestic Violence against men often goes unrecognized
Stats tell us abuse by women is less like to cause injury
7% of convictions for domestic violence per year are women
Men account for approximately 25% of the population killed by an intimate partner. Treatment for Abusers -Anger Management
- Learning accountability and personal choice
- Recognizing triggers for abuse
- If violence is present or has been present in a relationship then couples counseling is not recommended
- Violence must be dealt with first Since only 22% of all incidents are reported to the police, the real number is much higher. Each year, over 40,000 arrests result from domestic violence On any given day in Canada, more than 3,000 women (along with their 2,500 children) are living in an emergency shelter to escape domestic violence. In 2009, 67 women were murdered by a current or former spouse or boyfriend. Facts The cost of violence against women in Canada for health care, criminal justice, social services, and lost wages and productivity has been calculated at $4.2 billion per year.13 61% of all Canadians say they personally know at least one woman who has been sexually or physically assaulted. In just one year in Canada, 427,000 women over the age of 15 reported they had been sexually assaulted. Half of all women in Canada have experienced at least one incident of physical or sexual violence since the age of 16 Facts In 1997 and 1998 15,257 women and 13,455 dependent children were admitted to shelters due to domestic violence After the Chris Brown, Rihanna incident, fans looked up to Rihanna for pressing charges against former boyfriend Chris Brown for beating her. Domestic Violence withholding money stopping them from getting a job or an education sexual assault stalking intimidation Keeping from friends and family Domestic Violence in the Media School problems Somatic complaints nightmares, difficulty sleeping suicidal behavior angry outburst Children exposed to domestic violence are more likely to experience post-traumatic stress disorder Why do you think domestic violence against men goes so unrecognized? In 2009, famous singer Chris Brown was arrested for domestic violence and battery against former girlfriend Rihanna. The fight occurred in Brown's Lamborghini after leaving a party. Some of the injuries Rihanna had involved a black eye, split lip, bloody nose, bite marks on one of her arms and her fingers. This is the example Rihanna is setting for abused women. Domestic Violence in the Media We live in a world dominated by social media
social media makes it easier for an abuser to stalk, or utter threats online
Popular reality shows such as Teen Mom and Jersey Shore show both physical and verbal abuse more and more in relationships
The Media can on the other hand be a powerful tool to help spread the word about violence
London through LWAC has a social campaign called Shining a Purple Light on Abuse to raise money and awareness for domestic violence in the community
On November 15th the city of London are asked to wear purple in honor of this campaign
Facebook and twitter are great forums for women who are or have been victims to connect and relate to one another, as well as great tools for promoting change Why don't women just leave? How To Leave? Fear their abusers will become more violent.
Don't feel they have support
Not enough money
Unaware of resources
Often police treat incidents of domestic violence as disputes, rather than serious crime
Many women feel they are responsible for problems in marriage and that it is their duty to make it work
Victims externalize or rationalize the reasons for their abuser's behavior, casting blame of circumstances such as stress, financial hardship, job stress, chemical dependency, etc.
Between violent episodes, there are periods of calm during which the abuser is charming, nurturing, and caring. Those traits which initially attracted him/her to his/her victim resurface and the victim sees her abuser as a loving person, thereby reinforcing her decision to stay
("Women's Web") Stash Away:
Contact information for a local domestic violence shelter
Legal documents for you and your children (e.g. birth certificates, social security cards)
Photographs or written evidence of the abuse
Financial records and account numbers
Personal belongings possessing sentimental value
Clothing and personal needs
Things to Arrange:
A plan that safely removes yourself and you children from the home
Transportation for yourself, children and belongings
A safe place to stay
Referral to a lawyer or legal advocate to obtain a personal protection order, temporary child custody order, etc. ("Timeline of Landmark Cases")
("Violence Against Women")
(Marika) (Graham-Kevan ) Purple is a symbol of courage, survival and honour, and has come to symbolize the fight to end woman abuse. http://www.facebook.com/1in4women?v=app_491973460829207&app_data=gaReferrerOverride%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fa.pgtb.me%252Ffacebook%252Fapp%252F61901%252F%253Ffb_source%253Dsearch%2526ref%253Dts%2526fref%253Dts http://www.facebook.com/NationalDomesticViolenceHotline?fref=ts http://www.facebook.com/Domesticviolencesupport?fref=ts Some other useful definitions Sexual Assault is: any type of sexual contact or behavior that occurs by force or without consent of the recipient of the unwanted sexual activity. Includes: sexual activity such as forced sexual intercourse, forcible sodomy, child molestation, incest, fondling, and attempted rape. It includes sexual acts against people who are unable to consent either due to age or lack of capacity. Dating Violence is: violence committed by a person who is or has been in a social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim; and where the existence of such a relationship shall be determined based on a consideration of the following factors:
the length of the relationship
the type of relationship
the frequency of interaction between the persons involved in the relationship Stalking is: a pattern of repeated and unwanted attention, harassment, contact, or any other course of conduct directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to feel fear. (Office on Violence Against Women) (Office on Violence Against Women) ( Napier ) ("Toronto District School Board") ("Canadian Women's Foundation") ("Canadian Women's Foundation") ("HelpGuide.org ") ("Lifetips") ("National Center on Domestic Violence") ("London Police Services") (MakersFoundation) Teen Mom Episode 10 ("London Police Services") ("London Abused Women's Centre") ("Changing Ways") ("Fanshawe College") ("London Abused Women's Centre") ("London Abused Women's Centre") (ABC News) Works Cited
. Changing Ways. Changing Ways, n.d. Web. 6 Nov 2012.
. "Domestic Violence and Abuse: Signs of Abuse and Abusive Relationships." HelpGuide.org . helpgide.org. Web. 6 Nov 2012.
. "Domestic Violence Unit." London Police Services. London Police Services , n.d. Web. 6 Nov 2012.
. "Domestic Violence: Why do Women Stay? Why Don't They leave?." Women's Web . Women's Web, n.d. Web. 6 Nov 2012.
"Episode 10." Teen Mom. MTV: 28 2010. Television.
. "Facts and Statistics ." Toronto District School Board. Toronto District School Board. Web. 6 Nov 2012. <http://www.tdsb.on.ca/_site/viewitem.asp?siteid=15&menuid=23082&pageid=20007>.
Graham-Kevan, Nicola. "The invisible domestic violence-against men." Guardian . 07 2011: n. page. Web. 6 Nov. 2012.
Jennifer, Abbey. "ABC News ." ABC News . (2012): n. page. Web. 6 Nov. 2012.
. "Landmark Cases in the Fight Against Domestic Violence." Timeline of Landmark Cases. S.I. Newhouse School of Public Communications, n.d. Web. 6 Nov 2012. <http://mnocapstone.com/untied/feature/timeline.html>.
. London Abused Women's Centre. London Abused Women's Centre, n.d. Web. 6 Nov 2012.
MakersFoundation, . 911 domestic violence call from a child witnessing abuse. 2012. Video . Youtube Web. 6 Nov 2012. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=ryLBCu097ns>. Works Cited Marika, Morris. "Canadian Institute for the Advancement of Women." Canadian Institute for the Advancement of Women. 20.1 (2000): n. page. Web. 6 Nov. 2012. <http://criaw-icref.ca/millenium>.
Napier , Mandy. "Mindset for Success ." Life 2 Project Breaking the Cycle. Life 2 Project , n.d. Web. 6 Nov 2012. <http://www.life2project.com.au/2012/11/05/small-steps-to-change/>.
. "Regional Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence Treatment Centre." St Joseph's Healthcare London. St Joseph's Healthcare, 03 2011. Web. 6 Nov 2012.
. "Signs of an Abusive Relationship." Life Tips. Lifetips , n.d. Web. 6 Nov 2012. <http://relationship.lifetips.com/cat/64781/abusive-relationships/index.html>.
. "Silence Isn't Consent." Fanshawe College. Fanshawe College . Web. 6 Nov 2012.
. "The facts about violence against women ." Canadian Women's Foundation. Canadian Women's Foundation. Web. 6 Nov 2012. <http://www.canadianwomen.org/facts-about-violence>.
United States. Department of Justice. Office on Violence Against Women. Washington, DC: , 2012. Print. <http://www.ovw.usdoj.gov/areas-focus.html>.
. ""Wheels"." National Center on Domestic Violence. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Nov 2012. <http://www.ncdsv.org/publications_wheel.html>.
. Women's Community House. Women's Community House. Web. 6 Nov 2012.
World Health Organization . Violence Against Women . 2011. Web. <http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs239/en/index.html>.