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Rosemarie Rizzo Parse
Transcript of Rosemarie Rizzo Parse
Parse The Human
Becoming Theory Her Accomplishments... History and Influence... The Human
Becoming Theory More Contributions... Her Contributions Today... QUIZ TIME Rosemarie Rizzo Parse obtained her Bachelors of Science (B.Sc) from Duquesne University, Pittsburgh. Until the 1970s nursing was traditionally
viewed as less of a knowledge based practice,
and more so a discipline. There are three main principles of the human becoming theory: structuring meaning, cocreating, cotranscending. Accompanied with each principle are three concepts, which help to explain and understand each principle. She developed teaching-learning, mentoring, leading-following, community and family models that are used worldwide 1. What is the name of Parse's theory? She received her Master’s Degree in Nursing and Ph.D. from the University of Pittsburgh. Dr. Parse’s work in the academic institutes is also an achievement as she previously was the dean, professor, and research professor at a few different institutes. Dr. Parse has been the visiting professor to several universities around the world. She was the first Christine E. Lynn Eminent Scholar. Dr. Parse is the first founding editor of Nursing Science Quarterly. Dr. Parse teaches the ontological, epistemological, and methodological aspects of The Human Becoming Theory at the Institute of Human Becoming. Principle One: Structural Meaning This first principle underlines a person’s need to choose their individual realities. In this principle, we can see how many people make decisions based on ones ever changing perspectives
and interpretations. Concepts: 1. Imaging A persons interpretations and knowledge
of the world surrounding them. This is how
people perceive the meaning of events, following a natural yearning for answers. This is applicable to nursing, as nurses hold
the responsibility to respect, investigate and experience people struggle with how they
accept and interpret their individual reality. 2. Valuing This concept is about how people choose what they do and do not believe in regards to their perspectives on a personal level and worldly. These confirmations are continuous journeys that are always shifting. Nurse’s use this concept in learning about
what a patient finds important to them. 3. Languaging This is how a person expresses their interpretation of reality. This can be
shown in numerous ways, including
speech, lack of speech, and body
language. Nurses may not be able to interpret
language specifically, yet being able
to verbally communicate with patients
can clarify what they need. Principle Two: Cocreating Concepts: 1. Revealing-Concealing This is how people reveal and hide
whom they are turning into. This
how people continuously learn
about themselves and others
through out their lives. This is good for nurses to create a healthy relationship in the patient-nurse process. 2. Enabling-Limiting This concept deals with how people are
forced to make choices without knowing
the outcome. Often a person’s decision
can reveal opportunities or restrictions
for them, but this never known whilst the decision is being made. Nurses can use this concept
to help patients and family
members consider options
and reveal possible outcomes
of hard choices. 3. Connecting-Separating The way a person will or
will not commit to people or projects. Often these choices show the values of the individual. Nurses can become involved in a person’s connecting-separating patterns by asking about a patient’s important relationships and projects they have in their life. Principle Three: Cotranscending Concepts: 1. Powering This is how people can endure the struggles life brings them. Powering is what gives people the strength to carry on. Parse describes powering as “ a pushing-resisting process that is always happening and that affirms our being in light of the possibility of nonbeing (the risk of death, loss and rejection)” Nurses help this process by just being available to patients and helping them cope. 2. Originating Human’s uniqueness, yet strive to hold on to social norms is what Originating points out. Nurses can see people experience originating while they are trying to decide how to adapt to changing health patterns. 3. Transforming The ever shifting views that people experience in their lives. Often experiences shift views (personally and worldly) and decisions. Nurses can do both harm and help to patients by clarifying their needs, hopes, dreams, and desires directions. This principle addresses the many questions that need answers in life. Example questions are:
What attitude to hold?
Who can they relate to?
What interests should be valued? Published 9 books and 150 articles and editorials pertinent to nursing Consults throughout the world with educational programs in nursing Planned many international conferences on nursing theory, the human becoming school of thought qualitative research, and quality of life Has chaired over 30 doctoral dissertations, guided over 100 students with creative ideas regarding their research and mentored faculty members and students working on research proposals, grant applications, and manuscripts for publications Is an inspirational mentor who has helped many nurse scholars to pursue their career With nursing practice constantly evolving and transforming for the benefit of humankind, this evolution leads to nurses embracing various theories about nursing in order to explore and determine what their distinctive contributions to the healthcare system will be (Parse, 1999). Parse’s theory has contributed to nursing practice today by using transformative ideas rather than traditional ideas about nursing. This particular theory “does not seek to ‘fix’ problems” but rather to assist the patient in the recovery process (Melnechenko, 1999). The uniqueness of the Human Becoming Theory has contributed to new and innovative research about nursing practice today. Research and studies have been done using Parse’s theory to gather information on various recovery methods for clients. The Human Becoming Theory has contributed to new and innovative research about nursing practice today. Research and studies have been done using Parse’s theory to gather information on various recovery methods for clients. “The Parse research method was used to explore the lived experience of moving forward for 15 clients with spinal cord injuries recruited from two Spinal Injury Associations in Taiwan in 2007" (Chen, 2010). 2. What was the initial name of the Human Becoming Theory and when was it changed? 3. What nursing theorist inspired Parse's theory? 4. Name one of the three principles of the Human Becoming Theory. 5. Is Rosemarie Rizzo Parse alive? Martha Rogers believed that nursing was more then just a discipline, but also a science with a body of knowledge. “Nursing is knowing, not just doing” 1970 Martha Rogers published, An Introduction to the Theoretical Basis of Nursing, which introduced a new basis of thinking about what nursing included, since then new theories began to develop. Rosemarie Rizzo Parse was one of the theorists influenced by the work of Rogers, and used Rogers theory as a basis for her own theory. 1981, Parse created the Man-Living Theory. 1992 Parses theory is changed to the Human Becoming theory due to the change in the dictionary of the term man. 1998 Parse revised the theory due to evolving global change to make treatment more humane as well for the decrease in training for healthcare providers due to diminishing founding. All information retrieved from: Tomey, 2006. All information retrieved from: