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Literary Terms

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by

Ciara Christensen

on 30 September 2013

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Transcript of Literary Terms

Figurative Language
Hyperbole-exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally
Student Definition- when exaggeration is used for emphasis of effect
Importance- The exaggeration serves to emphasize a certain point and provides the reader with a greater understanding of the concept being described
Here's an example- "This book weighs a ton" or “She is so dumb, she thinks Taco Bell is a Mexican phone company”
Simile-a figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, used to make a description more emphatic or vivid.

Student Definition- A phrase that uses like or as to describe something by comparing it to something

Importance- A simile is a figure of speech that allows the reader to understand a concept through the understanding of a similar concept.
Here's an example.
"She is as cute as a button."

Personification-the attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman, or the representation of an abstract quality in human form.

Student Definition-the act of attributing human characteristics to abstract ideas
Importance- to give a concept or object human features, usually to describe its qualities

Here's an example.
"The stars danced playfully in the moonlit sky."

Consonance-agreement or compatibility between opinions or actions
Here's an example.
"Great, or good, or kind, or fair,
I will ne'er the more despair;
If she love me, this believe,
I will die ere she shall grieve;
If she slight me when I woo,
I can scorn and let her go;
For if she be not for me,
What care I for whom she be?"

Alliteration-the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.

Student Definition- Alliteration is the repeating of the same sounds or the same kind of sounds at the beginning of words
Importance-Alliteration helps to convey imagery and causes people to imagine pictures in their mind. Alliterative sounds create rhythm and mood and can have particular connotations,meaning an idea or feeling that a word invokes.

Here's an example. "Betty Botter bought some butter,but,she said,the butter's bitter,if I put it in my batter and the batter was not bitter,but a bit of better butter will make my batter better."




Tone- A general quality, effect, or atmosphere.
Here's an example.
Positive/Negative tone words-
admiring
hostile
Student Definition- A quality, feeling, or attitude expressed by words that someone uses in writing
Importance- Tone conveys a message which affects the reader in a particular way
Metaphor- a figure of speech in which a word or phrase literally denoting one kind of object or idea is used in place of another to suggest a likeness or analogy between them .

Student Definition- a word or phrase for one thing that is used to refer to another thing

Importance- Metaphors give verbal representation of the images, pictures, and symbols.

Here's a couple of examples.
"Time is a thief." and "It's raining men ."
Imagery- The use of vivid or figurative language to represent objects, actions, or ideas
Student Definition-Mental images,showing the reader as opposed to telling them

Importance-Imagery is a more descriptive way to show the reader a certain point

Here's an example.
A host, of golden daffodils;
Beside the lake, beneath the trees,
Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.
Continuous as the stars that shine
And twinkle on the Milky Way
By William Wordsworth

.

Onomatopoeia -the formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named
Here's some examples
gurgle
click
splash
fwoosh
Student Definition- The use of words that imitate the sounds of the action or objects they refer to
Importance-Onomatopoeia has the effect of enhancing the reader or listener's imagination.

Symbolism-the use of symbols to represent ideas or qualities
Here's an example. A rose can represent romance or the color black representing death
Student Definition-the representation of something in symbolic form
Importance-Symbolism provides imagery and detail. Symbolism reveals the "deeper meaning" to text.
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