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George Segal (Art)

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Haley Hickman

on 9 May 2013

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Transcript of George Segal (Art)

George Segal Haley Hickman and Janette Frey Major Events in Life Major World Events Important Images Role and Development of Visual Arts Impact of Media Choice Derive Meaning Line Perceptual Skills Biography Chance Meeting, George Segal 1989 It appears that the women in the photograph are more conservative, as they aren't showing much skin. He chose to have the figures in bronze, and all facing each other, in a form of triangle, underneath a large one way sign. I believe that Segal made the color so monotone was cretae a metallic effect as if it was a frozen scene in time, and also allows the sign to pop out more. It puts a a sort of dreary tone into the artwork, and there seems to be a sort of tension in the way he positioned the figures. He covers this element by creating curvature in the clothing of the subjects, and the vertical line on the pole. It adds to the Realism in this specific piece of artwork. *Both have a rough texture In a telephone interview for The Christian Science Monitor, George Segal said, “My teachers were abstract painters. But I was overwhelmed by the necessity of reality-by the real world." His artwork has actually been described as “slices of life” frozen in time. Even as “ephemeral situations immobilized in a metaphysically suspended dimension”. His sculptures have been defined by William Seitz as “situational sculptures”. He strives to create real life situations as if a scene was frozen in time. He started off as an abstract painter and slowly earned his title as a founder in the Pop Art Movement. He is trying to get the message across that artwork isn’t just a pretty picture; it doesn’t need to be super realistic or completely over exaggerated. He has succeeded in getting this message across to others, and many are listening, stretching from the artists in his time such as Warhol, to new artists in our time. George Segal's work has been eagerly welcomed, by many people of the Pop Art Movement. Everyone saw it as something new and fresh, because it highly differed from the regular abstract work, and all the old era art. It reflected his culture because he was different and he created something that announced in a way that things will/can change. His artwork is accepted by many age groups, but localizing mainly in the late teens and up, as any lower would be too immature to understand the messages portrayed. I'm not sure his art would be accepted by all the religions because most sculptures he makes are half clothed, or fully nude. So a conservative religion would probably disapprove. His Sculptures were a base for new artworks and he became a founder of Pop Art, so those wishing to make similar artworks would look towards him for inspiration. Self Portrait, George Segal 1998 George Segal was an American Painter and sculptor, who was born in New York on November 26, 1924 and died June 9, 2000 in New Jersey. His two parents, a Jewish couple who emigrated from Eastern Europe, lived in the Bronx an ran their own Butcher shop. Later moving into a New Jersey chicken farm. Segal managed to live most of the time with his aunt, in order to continue attending Stuyvesant Technical High School, in preparation for the future. This is around the time that he discovered his love for art inn Brooklyn. He furthered his education by attending Pratt, Cooper Union, and New York University, and earned a teaching degree by 1949. He met and married Helen in 1946, when they bought their own chicken farm. He taught Art and English at a local high school and Rutgers University, to help support his family. In 1957, Segal was included in “Artists of the New York School: Second Generation,” an exhibit at a Jewish museum.
In 1958 was when Segal truly started what he is most known for. Sculpture. He had a one man show in the Green Gallery, and in1960 had several plaster figures on display. In 1961, while he was teaching an adult education class, a student brought him a box of plaster bandages, and he went home and experimented on his body. By the end, he created a full body cast, and added a chair, table, and window fulfilling the title “Man Sitting at a Table”. Between 1969 and 1999, he became known as part of the “Pop Art” movement, creating many intriguing scenes of plaster figures. In his final years, he used his black-and-white photographs to focus on drawing close up human expressions. He focused manily on abstract paintings, and expressionism. He used various "found objects", paints, oils, and plaster as his choice of mediums. Shape Segal creates shape through the sign above the figures, and in the woman's shoes. The strong rectangular shape defines the subjects below, allowing the eye to move smoothly throughout. It creates smooth transition, and intrigues the viewer. Form Segal communicates form through the stature of the bodies and by creating common differences in size. He allows the man to have broader shoulders, the pole to be well over the figures height, and all bodies to be of a common height. Space Texture Value Color He creates space by keeping the figures a good shoulders width apart, and keeping them somewhat confined as they "wait around" by the sign. Segal makes texture by keeping the plaster natural with just a basic copper coating. This keeps the rough texture, he also didn't wear down the sign, it appears brand new with a glossy coat. He keeps a monotone throughout the sculpture, with the overall copper theme. The sign is different, as it appears more modern than the other figures. The color scheme puts a dapper on the mood, and feels kind of sad, or dead in a way. Segal keeps some value in the cracks and crevices of the figures. A shadow is cast on the figure when the light hits it, making it appear more real than it actually is. Two Figures: One Front, One Back, From the Blue Jeans Series; George Segal 1975 Woman Sitting on a Bed, George Segal 1996 Two Figures Woman Sitting on a Bed *A man and a woman *a lone woman *Appears the woman is thinking over something after she woke *Communicates emptiness, loneliness, and depression *Made by etching, and wove paper *Made using Plaster, and wire *Look like an empty scene *Uses warm colors on the shirts and cool colors for the jeans In Segals print, " Two Figures: One Back, One Front, From Blue Jeans Series", he uses etching and wove paper. Two very contrasting mediums. Wove paper creates a smooth surface, whereas etching is a process of using acid to cut metal. If Segal had used any other medium, the artwork wouldn't have appeared as pleasing to the eye. The background is produced smoothly using the wove paper, while the jeans are etched to differ in texture. If he had used watercolor to create the Blue Jean Effect, it would be lacking value and texture and appear to fall flat. Timeline 1946 Married wife Helen Summer of 1961 Student gave Segal a box of bandages used to create casts. He experimented and created his first full body cast. 1958 His thrid one-man exhibition at the Hansa Gallery in New York 1957 Allan Kaprow named the little art performances Segal would have as happenings. 1941-1949 Spent most of his time in universities studying art. 1964 His sculpture "Man on a Bicycle" was his first to be accepted into a museum. World War Two 1939-1945 1929 The Great Depression 1969 First Man on the Moon 1959-1975 The Vietnam War First cast he made. First cast coated in bronze. One of few pictures taken of George Segal working. Works Cited http://www.richeast.org/htwm/artists/jm2/segal.html http://www.askart.com/AskART/S/george_segal/george_segal.aspx http://www.segalfoundation.org/about_bio.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Segal_%28artist%29 http://projects.asds.org/ClassProjects/AH2009/Val_Segal/HomePage.html
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