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A Musical World Tour
Transcript of A Musical World Tour
(Norway) Peer Gynt Suite:
In the Hall of the Mountain King Young People's Concert
"A Musical World Tour"
Orlando Philharmonic Orchestra by Bedrich Smetana
(Czech Republic) The Moldau Bedřich Smetana (1824-1884) – Czech Republic
Born in Litomysl, Bohemia (now the Czech Republic); died in Prague
Performed publicly on violin by age 5, performed on piano by age 6
One of the first great nationalist composers.
Opened his own music school in 1848
Vltava (The Moldau) is the 2nd movement in a six-part cycle of symphonic
poems; begun in 1874, by the time Smetana finished composing the
entire cycle (Má Vlast – My Homeland) in 1879 he was beginning to go deaf by Claude Debussy
(France) Prelude to the
Afternoon of a Faun Kaoru Wada (b. 1962) – Japan
Is a composer, arranger, conductor, orchestrator and pianist.
After graduating from the Tokyo School of Music he lived in Europe for a while.
Most well known for his work on anime and video game soundtracks. (Including Inuyasha)
Is an apprentice of the famous Godzilla composer, Akira Ifukube.
Is the only featured composer who is still living.
Learn more at http://www.kaoru-wada.com/ Folkloric Dance Suite No. 7 – Odori
by Kaoru Wada
(Japan) by Augustin Lara
(from Mexico, but about Spain) Granada African Suite: Akinla
by Fela Sowande
(Nigeria) “So hopp hopp hopp” (Witch’s aria) from Hansel and Gretel
by Engelbert Humperdinck
(Germany) Engelbert Humperdinck (1854-1921) – Germany
Wrote his first composition at the age of seven.
His parents would have preferred him to study architecture instead of music.
Spent some time as a music tutor to Richard Wagner’s son.
Most famous for his opera “Hansel and Gretel”; the initial libretto was written by his sister, and was based on the Brothers Grimm version of the folk tale. Pomp and Circumstance
by Edward Elgar
(England) Reinhold Glière (1875-1956) – Russia
Graduated from the Kiev school of music in 1900.
Spent time as a professor at the Kiev and Moscow conservatories.
Incorporated elements of Russian folk music into many of his compositions.
One of his most well-known pieces – “Russian Sailors Dance” from the ballet The Red Poppy – is a theme and variations based around a Russian folk song named Yablochko (“little apple”). Russian Sailors Dance”
from The Red Poppy
by Reinhold Glière
(Russia) Jean Silbelius (1865-1957) – Finland
Sibelius loved nature and was often inspired by Finnish landscapes.
Briefly studied law before abandoning it to pursue a career in music and composition.
For the last thirty years of his life he composed very little and very rarely talked about his music, even burning some unfinished compositions in frustration.
His picture was on the Finnish 100 mark bill (paper money) until it was taken out of circulation in 2002. Finlandia
by Jean Sibelius
(Finland) Claude Debussy (1862-1918) – France
The eldest of five children; his father owned a china shop and his mother was a seamstress.
He began piano lessons at age 7; by age 10 he began studying at the Paris Conservatory arts school, where he stayed for 11 years.
In 1884 he won the prestigious Prix de Rome award, which paid for four years of study in Rome, Italy.
Considered by many to have written “impressionistic” music, but he did not like the term.
Died in Paris. Agustín Lara (1897-1970) – Mexico
Born in Mexico City, his father was a doctor who played piano; his father introduced Lara to the instrument at a young age.
Spent a brief time in military school.
Nicknamed El Flaco de Oro (The Skinny One of Gold)
Was given houses in Veracruz and in Granada.
He composed music for over 10 movies and acted in over 20; he also had a successful radio career.
During his lifetime he wrote over 600 compositions. Fela Sowande (1905-1987) – Nigeria
Born in Nigeria, Sowande eventually moved to the United States; he died in Ohio and is buried there.
Was a pianist, organist and band leader.
Played as a duo-pianist with jazz great, Fats Waller.
Although he’s known for composing in a somewhat European “classical” style, his orchestral works have African rhythmic and harmonic characteristics. Pause to listen to sound file Pause to listen to the sound file Edvard Grieg (1843-1907) – Norway
His mother played piano and gave him his first lessons when he was six years old.
Became a well known voice of Norwegian nationalism, often using folk music for inspiration.
Was only 5’1” tall.
The play Peer Gynt is more commonly connected with Grieg (who wrote the incidental music) than with the famous playwright who authored it (Henrik Ibsen). Edward Elgar (1857-1934) – England
Born into a musical household, Elgar was taking piano and violin lessons by the time he was eight years old.
At 22 he began working at a psychiatric hospital; his job was to conduct the Asylum Band (made up of hospital staff) and to compose music for the Friday night dances held for the inmates.
Sparked by the coronation of Edward VII, Elgar began working with English author A.C. Benson, who wrote the (now famous) lyrics to the chorus of the first Pomp and Circumstance march, “Land of Hope and Glory”, now considered to be the unofficial
British national anthem. Song begins at 3min 58sec