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Alternative Fuels

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K G

on 13 March 2013

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Transcript of Alternative Fuels

Hungarian oil situation Biodiesel
Produced from vegetable oils or fat through chemical process

Most common sources:

soybean
rapeseed
sunflower A promising source: algae Reducing Co2 emission by 75%, but increasing No2 by 10% Facts Any diesel motor in any percent It is safer than petroleum diesel Poor cold weather performance Can't supply enough biodiesel to replace petroleum diesel Benefits & Considerations Workable technology:
in 2012 worldwide production
was over 21 billion liter
(135 million barrels) Local emission remains Land usage: fuel of food? 8% less energy per gallon than petroleum diesel Nearly same price as petroleum diesel Hydrogen Not occur naturally on Earth Hydrogen is an energy carrier,
like electricity, not an energy source Several ways to produce:

Natural Gas Reforming

Gasification

Renewable Electrolysis Two ways to use:

Fuel to internal combustion engines

Fuel cell Benefits & Considerations zero emission vehicles

fuel cells are high efficient

can be produced with low- or zero-emission

highest energy content by weight of any fuel
(1kg hydrogen = 3 litres of diesel Benefits low volumetric energy density

fuel cell durability ( ~120.000km )

low refueling speed

the price of hydrogen now moderate high
(equivalent to 600-800 HUF/l )

can be dangerous if leaking Drawbacks Hydrogen now Honda FCX Clarity Mercedes buses in Perth, Australia Audi, BMW, Daimler, Fiat,
Ford, Honda, Mazda, Mitsubishi, Peugeot, Toyota, Volkswagen Thank you for your attention! Sources Problems Increasing Price Do you remember how much one liter petrol cost 10 years ago? Air pollution Ethanol Made from corn and other plant materials, biomass Mixed with petroleum diesel (E10, E85) Not a new concept E100 contains 34% less energy Production amount rises rapidly

Over 85 billion liters (500 million barrels) Flexible fuel vehicles Largest producers:

USA
Brazil
EU Cars, using gasoline are making air pollution, because toxic gases are released from exhausts. Local emission Food versus fuel problem New job opportunities Electricity Electricity is a carrier not source Non-renewable Coal
Oil
Natural gas
Nuclear Two way to produce Renewable Solar
Wind
Hydro
Geothermal Hungary has some oil reserves in the south-east of the country

It only gives 13% of total oil supply

So Hungary relies heavily on imports

Approximately 87% of crude oil supply is imported

Our main oil supplier is Russia

The oil comes from here via Dhruzba pipeline system Benefits and Considerations Low range
Expensive vehicles
Long recharge time
Battery degradation
Heating 228 HUF/liter 428 HUF/liter No local emission
Zero emission
Cost effective (30%) For these reasons, we must seek for alternative fuels instead of oil

In this presentation we are going to introduce some of these Oil Petrol/Gasoline Cars Public transport Commute Prices MOL Hybrid electric vehicle battery + internal combustion engine 2012 Chevrolet Volt no range problems uses fossil fuels medium-term solution 1. Introduction

2. Hungarian oil situation

3. Problems

4. Alternative methods http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu

http://www.energy.eu/

http://www.eia.gov

http://www.origo.hu

http://www.iea.org

http://www.nov.com/

http://www.uzletinavigator.hu

http://topceg.info/tartalom/az-uzemanyagok-afaja-es-jovedeki-adoja-hazankban-es-az-eu-ban

http://www.cjournal.info/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/OilRig.jpg

http://www.theodora.com/pipelines/world_oil_gas_and_products_pipelines.html

http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/tayibmanan140-477827-biofuels/

http://www.undp.hu/oss_hu/tartalom/kiadvanyh/kiadvanyh_body/csinaljukjol/szam09/szam09_body/09_bev.htm

http://all-silhouettes.com/page/11/

http://www.cleanvehicle.eu/fileadmin/downloads/UK/nsca_biogas_as_a_road_transport__084926300_1011_24042007.pdf

http://www1.eere.energy.gov/hydrogenandfuelcells/pdfs/program_plan2011.pdf

http://www.nrel.gov/hydrogen/production_cost_analysis.html

http://www.hgenerators.com/Big-H.gif

http://en.wikipedia.org Outline Pollution

Diseases

Smog alerts Kakas Gábor
Kolláth Attila Facts Carbon monoxide (CO)

Sulfur dioxide (SO2)

Hazardous air pollutants (toxics) Oil is not a renewable source


The earth will run out of oil sources in the next 50 years


Exploiting the oil sources will cause serious problems


Oil gives the 40% of electricity generation and 90% of transport resources at the moment. Exploiting of the oil sources "What if everything ran on gas?"
Full transcript