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Social Changes in WW1

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Kareena Bailey

on 11 January 2014

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Transcript of Social Changes in WW1

African Americans
For African Americans, WW1 meant opportunity. At this time, there was still segregation and they were considered second-class citizens. So this was a time where they could win over the respect from their white neighbor by serving in the war.
Suffrage
On June 19th 1917, the House of Commons voted by 385 to 55 to accept the Representation of the People Bill’s women’s suffrage clause. It continues to be a common assumption that the men of not only the government but also the returning soldiers wee impressed by the way in which stepped up into their own calls of duty during World War 1. Of course, it is possible that the work of the Suffragettes pre 1914 had a lot of influence, and it can be argued that this was just the natural progression of the way things were going to happen WW1 not. But there is no doubt that the womens actions during the "Great War" did at the very least have a slight influence on the decision to grant women suffrage.
Women in The Military
Women on the
Home Front
Women not only took on volunteer work on the war front, as nurses (and etc.), but they also had to take on the jobs left behind by the men at war. They became police officers, mailwomen, they worked in transportation, as farmers and foresters, and even went to work in factories.
By 1917 a survey was taken and
68% of women had changed jobs since the war began.
16% had moved out of domestic service
22% that were unemployed in 1914 now had work.
23% had changed factories (from one factory to another).
Women in WW1
About 4,355,000 soldiers went to fight in the "Great War". An immediate but short lived result was a high unemployment rate among women. But it ws soon seen that the only people left to perform societal duties and jobs. 19 million women American women filled out the home front labor force, not just as "Rosie the Riveters" in war factory jobs, but in transportation, agricultural, and office work of all kinds.
Social Reform
Upper and middle class people were brought up to believe the lower classes dirty and inferior, although they were prepared to employ them as servants.
Political
The U.S.A resumed an isolationist attitude towards the world, particularly to political affairs in Europe, and was unwilling to become involved in any external disputes or conflicts. The brutality of the war, and significant loss of life played a pivotal role in this perspective.WWI had strengthened and expanded the power of the government because the production of war supplies was too complicated and important a job for private industry to handle on its own, so business and government collaborated in the effort. This led to a growing link between public and private sectors. Additionally, congress endowed President Wilson with direct control over much of the economy. This included the authority to adjust prices and certain war-related industries. It had also strengthened the U.S. military. Before the U.S. went into the war, the military only consisted of about 200,000 soldiers. Through the Selective Service Act, men were required to go to war if selected for military service. The U.S. army built up a force of over five million troops to help the Allies achieve victory. As a result of WWI, "the U.S military evolved into the powerful fighting force that it remains today".
Education
Social Changes in
WW1
Kareena Bailey, Isabella Ramirez, Hariom Bhatt
Social Change
Social change is a general term which refers to a change in the nature, the social institutions, the social behavior, or the social relations of a society, community of people, or other social structures. Any event or action that affects a group of individuals that have share values or characteristics.
Children
Families
Economy
World War 1 altered the American education system through
curriculum changes and patriotism.
Part of the school day was focused on government pamphlets and required patriotism sessions. Basically everything was about the war and the kid's futures.
WW1 had a very larger impact on families as many boys and their healthy fathers felt the need to fight for their country. So as the man of the house left, the responsibilities were up to the wife to support the family. Back then this was very hard for them, because they were not allowed to do much. Also, after the war, men and women were seeking for marriage to escape reality .

The military formed four all-black
regiments by the time the war broke out.
They consisted of the 9th and 10th
cavalry and the 24th and 25th infantry.
After these were filled, no more
African Americans were accepted
into the military.
Although blacks were accepted into the military,
their options were limited. They could not serve in the Marines and there were very limited positions in the Coast Guard, Navy, and Combat Units.
Nursing was the greatest contribution that involved being at the front and experiencing the war. But they also worked in uniformed auxiliary services. They were secretaries, drivers, spies, and other non-combat roles. They also worked in munitions factories. and large hangars making large aircraft.
The economic impact of the war was very big on the economy world wide. Manufacturing business profited from the war, while others suffered from inflation. The United States experienced a tremendous economic boom. One change was that unemployment virtually disappeared. Also, wages increased, working conditions improved, and production and profits soared higher than ever. Furthermore, numerous industries expanded, especially farming. This is evident for farmers "put an additional 40 million acres into production". Consequently, farmers' outputs increased and so did their profits. World War I caused the U.S. economy to undergo an exceptionally prosperous period of time which was undoubtedly beneficial to the nation.
WW1 offered a lot of social reform for it's people such as the 19th amendment, which allowed women to vote, The Great Migration, which including large amounts of blacks to migrate from the South to big cities in the North, and there were a lot more job opportunities that opened up in the North because of the war.
War industries sparked ubran growth. Big cities' populations such as Detroit and Washington D.C. became larger.
During WW1 not only did mostly all of the men in one family get sent off to war, but now mothers began working and were unable to spend time with their children as they had before the war. The war also effected education as now government pamphlets were passed out and regular patriotism classes were given. Nationalism and patriotism were a major staple in education and President Woodrow Wilson funded a series of bulletins, speeches, and posters which preached strong patriotic beliefs, and anti-german sentiments. Education also began to move away from state education systems and towards a nationalized system of education.
As a result of World War I, youth organizations such as the Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts greatly expanded, helping to raise money for the war effort. Those that were the children during World War I grew up to become the adults of World War II. These children were exposed to propaganda and grew up to to value strong nationalism and loyalty to the United States and its allies. Therefore, when World War II began, many of the adults in the United States still had negative feelings toward the Germans because of their schooling during World War I.
World War
1
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