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Vladimir Propp

Narrative Theory
by

Hannah Thompson

on 4 January 2013

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Transcript of Vladimir Propp

Vladimir Propp's Narrative Theory In Shrek's case the villain is Lord Farquaad.
This character struggles against the Hero (Shrek) This is the character that is always defeated in some way by the end.
THE VILLAIN This character helps the hero with his quest.
The main helper in Shrek is the magical
talking donkey that helps Shrek
throughout the narrative to save the princess.
The Helper The hero deserves her throughout but is unable to have her due to the unfair evil behavior, of normally the villain.
The hero's journey normally ends when he marries the princess. Shrek follows this exactly as he ends up marrying Princess Fiona The Princess Gives the task to the hero, identifies the false hero, marries the hero, often sought for during the narrative. Propp noted that functionally, the princess and the father
can not be clearly distinguished. Throughout Shrek the father's place in the narrative is rather ambiguous, it is hard to decide whether he is doing good for his daughter or not, however in the end we find out he is good and looks out for the princess' best interests and realizes the false hero (the villain) to be in the wrong. Her Father This is obviously Shrek he seeks the
quest to save the princess and weds her. THE HERO! Takes credit for the hero's actions or tires to marry the princess.
Lord Farquaad paid Shrek to save the Princess and therefore took credit for her return which makes him the false hero and inevitably the villain. The false hero The dispatcher sends the hero on their quest
via a message.
In Shrek's case there are technically two
Dispatchers. The dispatcher The Donor Vladimir was a Russian Critic active in
the 1920s. He was essentially interested in Fairytale narratives. He noticed that
they were all very similar and appeared to have the same "type" of
character. Characters according to Propp
have a narrative function they provide structure for the text. In this presentation I am
going to apply this theory
to Shrek. The donor prepares the Hero or gives
the hero a magical object.
In Shrek's case there are three
characters that help
the hero on his quest. The Dragon Donkey The Gingerbread Man 1. The magic mirror
that tells Lord
Farquaad the
whereabouts of the
Princess. 2. Lord Farquaad himself
for sending Shrek the
Hero on the quest.
Full transcript