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Utility Vegetation Management, Drones, and the Future: What's coming?

Utility Arborist Association Meeting November 15, 2016 PCF Indianapolis, IN
by

Dan Staley

on 22 November 2016

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Transcript of Utility Vegetation Management, Drones, and the Future: What's coming?

Utility Vegetation Management, Drones, and the Future: What's coming?
Dan Staley
Analemma Resources, LLC
Utility Arborist Association - PCF 2016
November 15, 2016
2:00 - 3:00
Utility Vegetation Management, Drones, and the Future: What's coming?
PCF - Utility Arborist Association Meeting
November 15, 2016 2:00 - 3:00
Dan Staley
Analemma Resources, LLC
http://danstaley.net
staley.dan@gmail.com
All presentations on Prezi.com (search 'Dan Staley')
Today's Agenda
Brief Background
Legal Situation
Near-Future Outlook
Business Decisions
You will be able to discuss drones at work well enough to help make a business decision
Background
Technology
Materials
Optics, computing, transmission
Big Data
From Model Airplanes To...
The Miniaturization of Everything
Objective:
Big Data
Computing power no longer an obstacle
Data processing no longer a problem
Expectation that much of the drone business will
become data-driven
Some (many?) clients will soon come to expect
more than just video or visible images
How will tree care companies -- UA -- deal with
Big Data?
Computing power no longer an obstacle
Miniaturization
Materials
Technology
Legal Situation
Commercial rules changed August 2016
Current route planning software can handle
all BVLOS flights
Don't worry too much about
commercial laws today -
they may change soon
Technology running far ahead of the law
Any staff may have to be a "pilot" with new
requirements - definitely with marketable skills
New world of tree care - and especially UA/UVM -
coming soon!
Near-Future Outlook
Three factors for your business:
1. Can a
utility
incorporate new technology
~rapidly?
Drones are a disruptive technology
Large (Xcel) vs small (local co-op)
Communication and business change
Paradigm shift possible in utility?
Near-Future Outlook
Three factors for your business:
2. A
tree care company
probably doesn't want to
collect
and
analyze
large amounts of data
Drones are a disruptive technology
Who on your staff is a GIS nerd?
Communication and business change
Large investment in equipment and
software training (recoup?)
Near-Future Outlook
Three factors for your business:
3. The ability of a
third-party business
to
meet your needs (and utility's)
Drones are a disruptive technology
Who trains the pilots and nerds?
Frequent communication with third party
Third party is inspecting, not you -
where do your staff go?
Courtesy of PrecisionHawk Inc.
Courtesy Galaxy UAV, Ltd
Near-Future Outlook
Drones are a disruptive technology
Big Data will be driving UVM inspections,
analysis and scheduling
Third-party service providers already do 'soup to
nuts' in some countries today
Several companies are poised to become third-
party full-service providers as soon as BVLOS
rules are passed, including a UVM company
Drivers of this
Change
Components of UVM in the
Near Future
Aircraft (small part)
Data collection
Data analysis (biggest part)
Action arising from data
Communication (dispatch and updating
databases from field)
Which Components Will UVM
Companies Take?
Answering this question will be important
The answers will be different for each UVM
company
Coming paradigm shift in UVM regardless -
Big Data, new communication, new
technology
Coming UVM
Paradigm Shift
Big Data will drive process changes
Third party data providers will be a new part of
UVM
UVM companies must adapt to new technology
Aircraft will be just a small part of overall shift -
enterprise software will soon be major tool
Business Decisions
UVM will soon be data-driven
Aircraft
Data collection
Data analysis (biggest part)
Action: decision threshhold, decision, dispatch,
VM, write-up, communication
Database updates
Business Decisions
Who is going to take which components?
Aircraft
Business Decisions
Who is going to take which components?
Business Decisions
Who is going to take which components?
Data analysis
(biggest part)
Business Decisions
Who is going to take which components?
Action
:
decision threshhold, decision
, dispatch,
VM, write-up,
communication
Database updates
Most experts think the least important
to big picture of infrastructure inspection
More uses than just utility inspection
Your company will likely have drones anyway:
Risk assessment, sales calls, marketing,
estimating, bids, safety training, line drops,
etc etc etc etc
Rapidly changing technology - smaller, lighter,
better resolution, memory/transmission
You can use IR, multispectral on other jobs as
well - IR for turf, multispectral large-acreage
clients, high-value trees
Is risk of obsolete technology too great early on
to invest, or is risk of being passed by too
great?
Can your company hire and train nerds to do
necessary data analysis?
There are some programs in Beta right now to
automate data analysis
Can your company adapt to a likely new decision
and communication paradigm (yes!)?
Can your company adapt to the new communication
norms required for these new decision and action
thresholds?
Likely in the near future a device in the field will be
the only interface between staff and company.
You will have to be ready
Adapting to change depends on
market, utility and each
business case at that time
Big Data will drive changes, and technology
will empower these changes. Drones will just
exist to feed the Big Data machine
We don't know exactly what will change,
but we know big changes are coming
- a paradigm shift. Be ready!
Take-home Messages
Paradigm shift in T&D corridor inspections is
coming, and you have to be ready
It's not drones
per se
that is the big change, but
the
Big Data paradigm
that will change UVM
Third-party analysis of the inspection is coming -
either a firm or a fee-based website
Someone will have to communicate with data
nerds, and that will be an advantage
All separate components
Technology - Optics, Computing,
Transmission, Location, Aerodynamics
Materials Advances - Carbon, Plastics,
Foam, Batteries, Fuel...
Courtesy: Bradley Haubrich drone-logic, LLC
Courtesy: Martin Olivarez Firefly Imaging Solutions
Thank You!
Data collection
Historical UAV Connections
Radioplane Munitions Factory, 1944
OQ-2 Radioplane, the first mass-produced U.S. UAV - Photo: PFC David Conover
Norma Jeane Dougherty
Capt. Ronald Reagan
Coincidence or ??
Drivers of This Rapid Change
Pace and scale of change is more rapid than
computers or smart phones - think DNA or LED
lighting
14 CFR Part 107 ("Part 107")
Key piece missing for many industries + UVM
No Beyond Visual Line of Sight (BVLOS)
Xcel et al. testing now - maybe 2017?
Transponders, air traffic control, collision
avoidance almost available today
Legal Situation
Almost all pieces are in place for BVLOS flights
The day BVLOS rules come into effect ~20
companies are ready to go that day
Current US law may be inadequate for drones
Legal Situation: Privacy
May be revisited because of new technology
Part 107 is all you need to fly UVM missions
legally and under current privacy law
FAA is silent on addressing privacy
~98.475% of missions will have no privacy
problems
Historical UAV Connections
Coincidence or ??
Nikola Tesla drone patent, 1898
Example: Enterprise Software for Integrated VM
Big Data and Internet of Things (IoT) will become important
tools for UVM and Utility Arboriculture
Near-Future Data Collection
Drone flight of 50 miles +
Data collected:
Combination of one or more:
Visual
Multi- or hyperspectral data
LiDAR
Multi- and Hyperspectral Sensors
Remote sensing of vegetation with drones is the future
Agriculture: the future is now
Big business: multispectral sensors for precision ag.
Remote sensing of utility corridors ~common in EU
LiDAR
Point clouds
Computing power no longer a barrier
Staley, D.C. (in preparation). Drone Arboriculture and Urban Forestry. For
City Trees
(December 2016).

Staley, D.C. 2016. Making a Choice for Drone Arboriculture.
Ontario Arborist.
October 2016 5 pp.

Staley, D.C. 2016. Making a Business Decision for Drones: What you need to know.
Arborist
News.
25:5 pp. 22-25.

Staley, D.C. 2016. Drones and Arboriculture: Legal requirements and private property rights.
Tree Care Industry
Magazine
27:10 pp. 48-50.

Staley, D.C. 2016. Drone Arboriculture: Is it right for your operation?
Ontario Arborist.
June/July 2016 pp. 14-19.

Staley, D.C. 2016. Drones and Tree Care: Right for your operation?
Tree Care Industry Magazine
. 27:7
pp. 24-29.

Staley, D.C. 2016. How to Market to the Tree Care Industry and Landscape Industry.
sUAS News
Special Supplement.
(August 2016).

Staley, D.C. 2016. Drones and Tree Care Operations.
Tree Services Magazine
. 12:4 pp. 18-23.

Staley, D.C. 2016. UVM and UAVs: A new way forward.
Transmission and Distribution World Magazine.
April 2016 pg. 17.

Staley, D.C. 2016. Drones and the future of Utility Vegetation Management.
Utility Arborist Newsline
.
March-April 2016 pp. 31-32.

Staley, D.C. 2015. Drones & Tree Care: Who is using them, how, and why?
Tree Care Industry Magazine.

26:12 pp. 8-14.

Hammrich, T. and Staley, D. 2013. Use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in Arboriculture: Toward new heights.

Tree Care Industry Magazine.
24:11 pp. 26-31.

UAS and Arboriculture
Staley, D.C. 2013. Urban Forests and Solar Power Generation - Partners in urban heat island mitigation.
International Journal of Low Carbon Technologies
8:3 9 pp.

Staley, D.C. 2009. Increasing Green Infrastructure in Compact Develop
ments: Strategies for providing ecologically beneficial greenery in modern urban built
environments. IN: Proceedings of The Second International Conference on Countermeasures to Urban Heat Islands (SICCUHI)
, Berkeley CA, USA.

Staley, D.C. 2014. Your Next Opportunity: Solar-friendly tree care.
Tree Care Industry Magazine
25:7 pp. 22-23.

Staley, D.C. 2014. Solar Rights and Tree Rights are Compatible.
Renewable, Alternative and Distributed Energy Resources Newsletter.
2:2 pp. 13-15. American Bar
Ass'n, Washington, D.C.

DuVivier, K.K. and Staley, D.C. 2013. Managing the Dark Side of Trees.
Solar Today
27:5 pp. 27-31.

Staley D.C. 2012. Solar-Smart Arboriculture in the New Energy Economy.
Arborist News
20:3 4 pp.

Arboriculture and Urban Heat Island, Rooftop Solar Power, Urban Design
LiDAR Point Clouds
How many measurement points per unit
area (typically 20-100 points/m^2
LiDAR
Point clouds
Computing power no longer a barrier
Accurate change over time
Plant Growth Regulators or normal growth
Data analysis
Machine learning
Algorithms for using growth models for
decisions to dispatch
Custom analytics are coming soon. UVM and many tree
care companies will be using these tools
Example: Enterprise Software for Integrated VM
Large Cloud-Based Ag. Data Providers
Narrowly focused in the agriculture industry and offer a
suite of standardized analyses for a fee
Not customer analysis driven - 'one size fits most'
UVM not a good fit for this model, at this time not an option
for those seeking solutions
Full transcript