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Synthetic Fibres

Synthetic Fibres for Textiles

Emma Dawson

on 26 August 2010

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Transcript of Synthetic Fibres

Synthetic Fibres produced entirely from chemicals traditionally produced from oil and coal discovered during the 1940's made to immitate natural fubres with the addition of offering more versitility in performance because man-made fibrescan be engineered to meet a range of different functions, synthetic fibres will awlays be at the forefront of innovation in textiles technology. Polyester Aramid Flurofibres Elastomeric Polyolefines Inorganic Polyesters are made from chemical substances found mainly in petroluem. How Its Made Polyesters are manufactured in three basic forms - fibers, films and plastics. Maintenance Machine-wash your fabric in cold water.
Wash with light colours. Use a gentle cycle while washing. Tumble dry with the setting low. Do not bleach.
If needed, iron with a cool iron Properties It is resists wrinkling.
It is easy to launder.
It dries quickly. It is resistant to stretching and shrinking. End Uses Shirts Running Shorts Track Pants Wind Breakers Lingerie Curtains Draperies PET is made by ethylene glycol with either terephthalic acid or its methyl ester in the presence of an antimony catalyst. In order to achieve high molecular weights needed to form useful fibers, the reaction has to be carried out at high temperature and in a vacuum. Maintenance End Uses Properties good resistance to abrasion good resistance to organic solvents low flammability prone to static build-up unless finished resistant clothing optical fibre cables bullet resistant material How Its Made Aramid is made from an aromatic polymer that has a carbon-based backbone Aramid fibers and aramid fabrics are created by spinning a solid fiber from the liquid polymer using a device called a spinneret. fire and flame resistant clothing protective equipment such as vests and helmets for firefighters reinforcement of rubber goods such as tyres, ropes and cables, and sailcloth strong can be machine washed up to 140' do not bleach tumble dry is not recommended can be ironed on warm temperature End Uses Maintenance Properties Do not dye Machine wash on warm tumble Dry on Medium Can Be Dry Cleaned Iron on cool setting Resistant to chemicals Weather and UV Resistant Non Stick With stand high temperatures Hydrophobic Strong Good optical properties Good insulator Low Friction Durable Resins Additives Coatings Protective Clothing Wire and Cable Optical Devices Properties Maintenance End Uses Can be stretched up to twice its length Strong Durable Lightweight Heat Settable Resistant to perspiration Abrasion resistant Can Be dyed Handwashable Machine Washable Do Not Bleach Drip Dry Tumble Dry on low temp Iron on low setting Hoisery Swimsuits Ski Pants Golf Jackets Wrist Bands Disposable Nappies Surgical garments Glass Carbon Metallic Ceramics Properties Uses High ratio of surface area to weight Elongates Light Strong High strength fabrics Industrial, automotive and home insulation Reinforcement of composive and plastics Speciality Papers Properties Uses High melting temperature High electrical resisticity Good insulator Hard Good Chemical and corrosion resistance Low cost of raw materials Durable Manufacture of knives Thermal Insulation Art and Crafts Properties Uses Strong Lightweight Low thermal expansion Expensive Strong when stretched or bent Used in cars (body) Used to reinforce composive materials Uses Properties Upholstery Becoming more common in clothing Adding metallic properites for fashion Conductor of heat Conductor of electricity Prevents static charge build up Properties Thermoplastic Non biodegradable Lightweight Strong UV Resistant Cheap Resistant to Solvents Non Staining Uses Plastic shopping bag Food wrapping Bullet proof vests carpets shampoo bottles
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