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Antigone: Pillars of Rhetoric
Transcript of Antigone: Pillars of Rhetoric
Direct characterization, by using basic reasoning of the gods’ personalities, the leader of the chorus was able to convince Creon to go free Antigone from her tomb. PATHOS Quote: "Dogs and crows all glutted carrying desecrated carrion to the hearths and altars—carrion from the poor unburied son of Oedipus. Burnt offerings go up in stench. The gods are dumb.” (237).
Visual imagery, to evoke feelings of guilt, fear and pity in order to persuade Creon and the audience of the gods’ opinion and law considering on Polyneices’ burial. What are the pillars? (appeals to audience)
Ethos: credibility and character of speaker, writer, narrator, etc.
Logos: logical structure of argument or central ideas
Pathos: to emotions or interests of the audience Antigone: The Pillars of Rhetoric By: Dorothy Lor CONCLUSION By: Dorothy Lor Antigone: Pillars of Rhetoric PATHOS Thesis Statement Sophocles uses the pillars of rhetoric in Antigone in order to sway the reader into siding with either the divine law or the human law. Quote: “But look who comes, the lucky Son of Menoeceus: The man the gods have made our king.” (198).
Direct characterization, Creon is the king of Thebes, therefore he has power, and whatever he says is credible and must be obeyed because he is the king. Works Cited Roskelly, Hephzibah, and David A. Jolliffe. Everyday Use: Rhetoric at Work in Reading and Writing. New York: Pearson, 2005. Print.
Sophocles. Antigone. Trans. Paul Roche. New York: Plume Book, 1996. Print. Quote: “Never could I make my country’s enemy my private friend, knowing as I do, she is the good ship that bears us safe.” (199).
Metaphor, Creon’s law and convince the audience that what Creon did was moral according to his ethics/values. Quote: “As your son, you see, I find myself marking every word and act and comment of the crowd, to gauge the temper of the simple citizen…” (222).
Visual Imagery, Haemon uses ethos as Creon’s son and Thebes to convince Creon and the audience that Antigone should not be punished for her actions, thus siding with the divine law. Quote: “A one man state is no state at all…The state that you should rule would be a desert.” (224).
Metaphor, Haemon uses logic to counterclaim Creon’s ethos that claimed that his actions were approved because he was the king. By saying that no state can exist with only a single person and comparing it to a desert
Quote: “Remind ourselves that we are women and as such are not made to fight with men.” (193).
Social commentary, comment on Greek society’s views of men and women and to attempt to convince Antigone to not defy Creon’s law, therefore also convincing the audience that Creon’s law should be obeyed because he has more authority because of his gender Quote: “But I from the shadows hear them: hear a city’s sympathy for this girl, because no woman ever faced so unreasonable, so cruel a death, for such a generous cause."
Auditory imagery, show others’ feelings and opinions towards Antigones actions and punishments and to evoke pity.
Quote: “On this last and lonely royal scion, see what I suffer from these men for reverencing the rights of man.”
Antithesis, juxtaposes unexpected punishment to her righteous actions. Appeal to the emotions of the audience to convince them that what she (Antigone) did was only good, and that her punishment was unjust. 1) Antigone’s genre is Greek tragedy; in what ways can it also be considered a persuasive piece?
2) In your opinion, what is the strongest, or best appeal? (Not just in the book, but in general) Ethos, logos or pathos and why?
3) Which character(s) do you see most associated with the ethos appeal? Logos? Pathos?
4) Did the pillars sway you into siding with Divine law or Human law more and why? Discussion Questions