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"A set of achievements – skills, understandings and personal attributes – that makes graduates more likely to gain employment and be successful in their chosen occupations, which benefits themselves, the workforce, the community and the economy" - Yorke, 2006
"Employability is more than about developing attributes, techniques or experience just to enable a student to get a job, or to progress within a current career. It is about learning and
the emphasis is less on 'employ' and more on 'ability'
. In essence, the emphasis is on developing critical, reflective abilities, with a view to empowering and enhancing the learner" - Harvery, 2003
"the emphasis is less on employ and more on ability"
What do employers mean when they say they are looking for employ
• Business and customer awareness
• Problem solving
• Communication and literacy
• Application of numeracy
• Application of information technology
• Entrepreneurship / innovation
(Pegg et al, 2012; 19)
"encourages and facilitates cooperation, pride, trust, and group identity - members of a team work together to achieve a common goal"
Synergy - TEAM 'Together Everyone Achieves More' '1+1=3'
Shared knowledge and expertise
More cost effective
Increased decision making opportunities
Problems with coordination
'Groupthink' may occur
Risk of social loafing
(which may lead to destructive conflict)
May prove unproductive if:
- teams don't have set tasks
- teams lack freedom
- teams have dictators
Individual Differences, Personnel Selection and Employability
Buchen, I.H. (2000). Paving the way for workplace creativity. National productivity review, Spring.
Pegg, A., Waldock, J., Hendy-Isaac, S., & Lawton, R. (2012). Pedagogy for employability.
Rodriguez, D., Patel, R., Bright, A., Gregory, D., & Gowing, M. K. (2002). Developing competency models to promote integrated human resource practices. Human Resource Management, 41(3), 309-324.
Salovey, P., & Mayer, J. (1990). Emotional
Intelligence . Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 9, 185-211.
Creativity & Innovation
in the Workplace
Teamwork is necessary for the role I play at ASDA, Doncaster. The process team, the reductions team and the chilled provisions team (ME!) have to work together to increase sales and reduce waste figures.
My Understanding of:
Individual Differences, Personnel Selection & Employability
The extent to which each of the previous factors should be considered depends on the job itself. However, where possible, discrimination should not be made. The working environment I have been around for the past 3 and a half years doesn't discriminate at all. The only thing that ASDA as a company require, is that the individual is legally allowed, and of age, to work. They believe in equal rights and pride themselves on being a company which does not discriminate.
go by the synergy of T.E.A.M.:
Together, Everyone, Achieves More
I took this photo from our colleague notice board
(Rodriguez et al., 2002)
Creativity: “The generation of new and useful ideas concerning products, services, processes and procedures”
(Amabile et al; 1996)
Innovation: “The process that involves the generation, adoption, implementation and incorporation of new ideas, practices or artefacts within organisations”
(Van de Ven, Angle & Poole, 1989)
Where creativity concerns the generation of new ideas, innovation concerns both the generation and implementation of new ideas
As an ASDA colleague, I tend to use more GROUP FACTORS to improve my technique of working amongst a group to make it more efficient and productive
(West and Anderson, 1996)
, Where as a Nail Technician, I tend to use more INDIVIDUAL FACTORS to enable me to be creative in my work and produce innovative ideas for nail designs
When attempting to come up with new ideas, I find it beneficial to brain storm. Brain storming allows me to develop my ideas until they get to the point of being orginal. This is something I have been encouraged to do througout the majorityof my educational life; particularly in terms of
Salovey & Mayer (1990)
Emotional Intelligence (EI) is conceptualised as a form of ‘ability’
It is a type of intelligence which overlaps with cognitive ability
There is a dual focus on emotions and cognitions: * emotions are "feelings that encompass physiological responses" (e.g. happiness, sadness, anger) * cognitions are "assessments of meaning of emotions; learning about ourselves from our emotions" (think and reason)
The ability to perceive emotions in oneself and others as well as in objects, art, stories, music, and other stimuli
The ability to generate, use, and feel emotion as necessary to communicate feelings or employ them in other cognitive processes
The ability to understand emotional information, to understand how emotions combine and progress through relationship transitions, and to appreciate such emotional meanings
The ability to be open to feelings, and to modulate them in oneself and others so as to promote personal understanding and growth
Salovey & Mayer (1990)
I employ all of the above effectively in my everyday life. For example, as a volunteer befriender, I am often exposed to potentially upsetting information; however, I manage my emotions effectively to enable myself to provide the best response that I can give.
Business and Customer Awareness:
My current job requires excellent customer service. By being aware of our company (business) policies, I am able to deal with customers effectively.
Occasionally there is a fault with the stock counts. These faults have to be investigated so that the correct counts can be set in place, and a reason to why the counts were at fault given. This is something I often have to do.
Communication and Literacy:
My job involves a lot of communication. I have to deal with customers every shift, as well as with colleagues. Communication allows me to deal with customers effectively, and determine what needs to be done amongst colleagues. Whilst at work, I am a recognised first aider; this position requires me to fill out a number of documents after there has been an incident. I have to use sufficient literacy skills to enable me to do this effectively.
Application of Numeracy
During stock counts, I have to use numeracy skills to ensure that everything is counted correctly. This involves counting individual items, and using multiplication to identify how much stock we have on hand.
Application of Information Technology
Throughout my academic life, I have had a tremendous amount of experience with information technology. I have had to submit assessments via Microsoft word, Microsoft powerpoint and Microsoft excel, as well as contacting teachers and tutors via email. Since starting university, I have gained a lot of experience for using programs such as SPSS.
Entrepeneurship / Innovation
In my spare time I am a nail technician. To be successful and stand out in this line of work, I have to be innovative with my ideas and come up with designs which differ from the work of other nail technicians. I enjoy being creative, particularly with regards to anything arty.
Individual differences may explain:
variation in performance, reactions to change and interventions, learning differences, variation in job satisfaction and motivation, teamwork effectiveness, creative potential, leadership style, and personnel selection decisions.
From this prezi, it is apparent that employability isn't just about one thing. Employability is built upon a good combination of life experience, relevant qualifications, personal attributes, skills and traits. A good combination of these is likely to increase employability chances.
Currently, I possess a lot of beneficial life experience, qualifications, personal attributes, skills and traits; although, I also have a lot more to learn. One personal quality which I possess, however, is that I enjoy to learn, develop, and increase my experience, and so my 'E' factor, can only increase.
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