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Binomial Nomenclature

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by

Robyn Cline

on 7 June 2010

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Transcript of Binomial Nomenclature

Classification Taxonomy Six Kingdoms of Life Archaea&Bacteria:Organisms which are single celled that do not have a nucleus, organisms are very diverse
Protista:Organisms include both unicellular and multicellular, the autotrophs photosythesize while the heterotrophs ingest their food and contains the greatest diversity of organisms.
Fungi:Organisms are both unicellular and multicellular.
Plantae:Organisms which photosynthesize to create their own food, are sessile and multicellular with complex and specialized cells.
Animalia: Organisms that ingest their food and have complex and specialized cells. Three Domains
of Life
Binomial Nomenclature The scientific naming of species whereby each species receives a Latin or Latinized name of two parts, the first indicating the genus and the second being the specific epithet
Is the practice of classifying things, such as organisms. Taxonomic Hierarchy Domain
Kingdom
Phylum
Class
Order
Family
Genus
Species Domain Eukarya
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Mammalia
Order Primates
Family Hominidae
Genus Homo
Species Sapiens The grouping of organisms or objects based on their similarities is __________.

a. phylogeny

b. naming

c. binomial nomenclature

d. classification


A diverse kingdom containing organisms that superficially resemble members of other kingdoms is __________.

a. Kingdom Protista

b. Kingdom Fungi

c. Kingdom Archaebacteria

d. Kingdom Eubacteria


Decomposing organisms that are eukaryotic belong to __________.

a. Kingdom Eubacteria

b. Kingdom Fungi

c. Kingdom Protista

d. Kingdom Archaebacteria


The two kingdoms that have complex organisms with tissues and organs are __________.

a. Plantae and Animalia

b. Animalia and Fungi

c. Fungi and Plantae

d. Protista and Fungi


The most specific taxon is __________.

a. division

b. kingdom

c. species

d. genus

Classification categories are called __________.

a. phylogeny

b. species

c. taxa

d. kingdoms


A group of organisms of similar species make up a __________.

a. order

b. family

c. genus

d. division


A characteristic that can be used to separate kingdoms is __________.

a. cytoplasm

b. size

c. prokaryotic cells

d. vertebrae


The two kingdoms that contain prokaryotic cells are __________.

a. Eubacteria and Fungi

b. Archaebacteria and Eubacteria

c. Protista and Fungi

d. Archaebacteria and Protista


Lynx rufus is an example of a __________.

a. genus name

b. phylum

c. family of cats

d. species name


The system of giving organisms two names is called __________.

a. binomial nomenclature

b. taxonomy

c. classification

d. phylogeny

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