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Edgar Allan Poe
Transcript of Edgar Allan Poe
Death: October 7, 1849 Baltimore, Maryland
Education:University of Virginia, United States Military Academy at West Point
Considered "Father of Detective Story"
Edgar Allan Poe
"The Murder in the Rue Morgue"
"The Mystery of the Marie Roget"
"The Purloined Letter"
"Father of the Detective Story"
The Masque of the Red Death -Analysis
Plague, death, and the fear of dying strikes a nation.
"No pestilence had ever been so fatal"
Poe is able to u suspense, setting, and imagery to "show" the main theme which is that no person can escape death
No matter where the the people are, whether inside or or outside the building, everyone will be susceptible to death
"Not only is it deeply secluded, but Prosper and his followers welding the doors shut, so no one can get in or out."
In the late 1830
Poe published some of his best known work in Tales of the Grotesque and Arabesque
These are a collection of works not individual stories
Theses collections include "The Fall of the House of Usher", "Ligeia", and Williams Wilson"
The Life of a Troubled Man
The Masque of the Red Death -Imagery
The people that are reading this will have a very frightening picture in their heads.
With the dying of everyone including the Prince it shows that no one, no matter the social status, is safe from the Red Death.
The idea of the Red Death puts fear into the readers, because once the Red Death hits it never goes away.
The room that all of the noble people were staying in standing for the stadium of real life
The Masque of the Red Death -Quotes
"There are chords in the hearts of the most reckless which cannot be touched without emotion."
"Even with the utterly lost, to whom life and death are equally jests, there are matter of which no jest can be made."
"And the life of the ebony clock went out with that of the last of the gay. And the flames of the tripods expired. And Darkness and Decay and the Red Death held illimitable dominion over all
The Tell-Tale Heart
The narrator of the story starts off saying that he is not mad but he is nervous.
The man reason that he kills the old man is because he has a fear of the man's pale blue eyes.
He stokes the old man every night and after a week of doing this he states that it is time to kill him. Whenever he shows up to do the killing the old man wakes up and cries out.
While the old man sits their having night terrors and during this the narrator starts hearing a dull pounding that he thinks is the old man terrified heartbeat.
He then gets scared, kills the old man and then dismembers the body.
When the police show up to ask him questions about the death, he shows them around the house, including the old mans room. He seems normal until he starts hearing the heartbeat under the floor boards.
Then, out of guilt, he confesses everything to the cops.
The Tell-Tale Heart- Analysis
This story is based on paranoia and mental deterioration.
He writes the story in which it shows the paranoia of the man:the heartbeat, old mans eyes, and his own claim of sanity.
In the beginning of the story, the narrator shows his mental disorder because he talks about how he is nervous but he does not think he should be considered mad.
He considers himself sane because of his hyper senses but in fact that shows that he is not sane.
The fact that the narrator loves the old man and does not have any of the normal reasons to kill the old man.
The narrator has the mental ability to separate the old mans eyes from his actual human physical appearance of a human. This just helps seal the idea that the narrator is not sane.
The Tell-Tale Heart- Symbolism
The watch that the narrator mentions four times in the story represents time and that can be taken that he thought that he has a timeline.
The eyes pf the old man represents the true nature of a person and the narrator things that he sees something that no one else does.
"I saw with perfect distinctness...I could see nothing else of the old man's face or person."
Lanterns and light are usually associated with finding the truth and getting through the dark. The narrator uses the idea of the lantern to see the world as he saw it, not as it actually was.
The heart in "The Tell-Tale Heart" represents a human being. The narrator does not use any emotion and even has the ability to brag about the murder he done. This is why he goes after the heart because it represents what he doesn't have.
The Tell-Tale Heart- Quotes
"True, nervous, very, very dreadfully nervous I had been and am , but why will say that I am mad? The disease had sharpened my senses, not destroyed, not dulled them. Above all was the sense of hearing acute."
"Villains!"I shrieked."Dissemble no more! I admit the deed! Tear up the planks! Here, here! It is the beating of his hideous heart!"
"A watch's minute hand moves more quickly than did mine."
"Presently I heard a slight groan, and I knew it was the groan of mortal terror"
The Black Cat
This story starts out with the narrator telling us his story and stating that he is sane.
He starts that story from years ago and he talks about his love for dogs and cats.
Himself and his wife started owning a lot of animals but he singled out one large black cat named Pluto.
Under the influence of alcohol the narrator began having a lot of mood swings.
He comes home one night and takes out his drunken anger on Pluto. When the cat bites him he takes a pin out and stabs out the black cats eye.
Later, he ends up hanging Pluto from a tree. The next day the narrator house and all of his belongings are lost. Then he sees a large cats outline with a rope around its neck.
In the end the police com to his new house and he admits to them the stashing of his wife's body behind the wall.
The Black Cat-Analysis
This story shows the breakdown of the mental health of the narrator after he states that he is completely sane.
The narrator admits that he is an alcoholic and that interferes with his idea of reality and makes him have mood swings.
The alcoholism in this story is a reflection on what was happening in Poe's life.
The Black Cat Quotes
"Yet mad I am not...and very surely do I not dream"
"I am above the weakness of seeking to establish a sequence of cause and effect, between the disaster and the atrocity"
"Who has not, a hundred times, found himself committing a vile or a silly action for no other reason the because e knows he should not? Have we not a perpetual inclination, in the teeth of our best judgment, to violate that which is Law, merely because we understand it to be such"
"Yet I am not more sure that my soul lives, than I am that perverseness in one of the primitive impulses of the human heart"
Poe as a Child
He was born on January 19, 1809 in Boston
His parents are David and Elizabeth Poe
He had one brother, Henry, and one sister, Rosalie.
His mom separated from his dad and had taken the three children with her.
He went to school at 6 for 5 years and learned Latin, French, Math, and History
Poe's an Army Man
With no money, no job, and being shunned by John Allan, Poe had decided to join the Army in 1827.
He received the rank of sergeant major.
John Allan started to become friendly, after the death of Mrs. Allan, so he signed Poe's application to west point.
In 1830, Edgar Allan Poe entered West Point, but John Allan would not send him money.
Poe then broke the rules and ignored his duties so he was then dismissed from duty.
The Struggles of a Young Writer
In 1831, Poe decided to travel to New York where he was able to publish some of his poems but he was unable to publish any of his stories .
In 1835, Poe was finally able to receive a job as a editor for a newspaper.
in 1836, he married his cousin, Virginia. He was 27 and she was age 13.
In 1836, he left the newspaper because of the poor salary.
In 1839, he publish the first two volumes of his short stories, "Tales of the Grotesque and Arabesque"
After moving to a cottage, Virginia died in 1847.
The End of His Time
In June of 1849, Poe left New York and moved to Richmond.
He then joined "The Son of Temperance" to help him stop drinking.
He then planed to move from Richmond to New York, but he ended up in Baltimore.
On October 3, Poe was sent to the hospital where he died on Sunday, October 7, 1849.
One of the best known poems that Poe has written.
The narrator is telling us this story while sitting alone in his room.
When the door had a knock on it, the narrator, begins to daydream about his long lot love, Lenore,but then soon become very paranoid about whats on the other door.
When he opens the door and no one was there, he began opening the windows where a Raven flew in. The Raven then landed on a sculpture of Athena.
The only word the Raven could say is "Nevermore"
He realizes that the Raven will never leave because it represent the memory of Lenore.
The Raven- Analysis
The Raven- Symbolism
"Once Upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary,"
While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping"
"so faintly you came tapping, tapping at my chamber door"
"And the only word there spoken was the whispered word,"Lenore?" This I whispered, and an echo murmured back the word, "Lenore!"
The Raven representing the memory of Lenore. The one that will never go away
Through the communication with the Raven it shows that the narrator is just finding a way to torture himself about Lenore.
The statue that the bird lands on is the "Goddess of wisdom. This allows the narrator to think the Raven is more intelligent then he actually is
Using the word midnight and December in the poem symbolized the ending of something
Due to the fact he is sitting in a common room with no one else just tells how lonely the narrator truly was.
The Premature Burial
The Premature Burial- Quotes
The Pit and the Pendulum
The narrator states that he is completely sane in the beginning of this poem.
After the death of Lanore the narrator is very much depressed and he is searching for the end of his sadness.
He gross extremely nervous when he starts to think about who could be outside at that time of night.
The narrator of this story has a strange disease known as catalepsy which causes him to look dead when in fact he is still alive.
He is terrified of being buried alive while he is having a attack and he ends up experiencing his worst fear.
He spend most of the story telling about other people with catalepsy who have been buried alive during one of their episodes.
He then finds out that he had not been buried alive but has actually fell asleep in a bark, cramped room.
"Can you possibly conceive it. The unendurable oppression of the lungs, the stifling fumes of the earth, the rigid embrace of the coffin, the blackness of absolute night and the silence, like an overwhelming sea."
"The boundaries which divide Life and Death are at best shadowy and vague. Who shall say where the one ends, and the other begins"
Giordano, Robert. "Edgar Allan Poe, Short Stories, Tales and Poems."
. N.p. 31 July 2005. Web. 29 June 2015.
"Edgar Allan Poe ." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, N.d. Web. 27 June 2015.
The System of Dr. Tarr and Professor Fether
Published in 1856
The main character is a man that is a protagonist and he decides to visit a famous insane asylum.
Whenever he arrives at the asylum he meets the man who runs it which name is Monsieur Maillard.
Monsieur Maillard then tells him about a women who thinks she is a chicken and just like that she yells out cock-a-doodle-doo.
As soon as he told her to stop everyone in the asylum started to riot.
The System of Dr. Tarr and Professor Fether-Quotes
"Oh, Madame Joyeuse was a fool!" she exclaimed," but there was really much sound sense, after all, in the opinion of Eugenie Salsafette. She was a very beautiful and painfully modest young lady"
"By no means. Our confinement is necessarily close; but the treatment--the medical treatment I mean--is rather agreeable to the patients that otherwise."
The narrator opened the story talking about the fact he has been sentenced to death.
After hearing that he was going to die he got sick and then passed out.
Whenever he woke up he was confused on why he got the death sentence for Inquisition victims, which is usually an act of faith.
The middle of his dungeon turns out to be a circular pit.
Soon the narrator is bound to a wooden board and he is fed meat but no water.
As the pendulum swings close to his chest he manages to break free right before it hits him, but then the walls start heating up and start to move in closer.
Then, after being saved by French general Lasalle and his army then take over the prison
The Pit and the Pendulum-Quotes
" The plunge into this pit I had to avoid by the merest of accidents, and I knew that surprise or entrapment into torment formed an important portion of all the grotesque of the dungeon deaths"
"It was hope that prompted the nerve to quiver- the frame to shrink. It was hope- the hope that triumphs on the rack- that whispers to the death- condemned eve in the dungeons of the Inquisition."
"And then there stole into my fancy, like a rich musical note, the thought of what sweet rest there must e in the grave."
"Arousing from the most profound of slumbers, we break the gossamer web of some dream. Yet in a second afterward, we remember not that we have dreamed."
Received a job as an editor for a New York magazine.
Southern Literary Messenger
due to the lack of money.