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Diesel Fuel

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by

Naji Balche

on 28 March 2013

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Transcript of Diesel Fuel

2. What does "Saturated" mean? Bonus Question! Question Time! What is
Diesel Fuel? 1. What is a "Hydrocarbon"? Diesel Fuel 4. What does Diesel need for it to work? What is Diesel Fuel? What is Diesel used for? Diesel's Chemical Composition By: Who's flying the helicopter? Naji Balche Diesel fuel is a petroleum-based fuel that's used to power many types of vehicles
It's made of a blend of crude oil components called hydrocarbons.
Although it's often used for similar purposes to those of gasoline, it burns differently, and so it needs a different type of engine to work. What are Hydrocarbons? Hydrocarbons are chemical compounds consisting entirely of carbon and hydrogen Diesel fuel is used for...
Private vehicles, public transportation vehicles, and 18 wheelers and other large delivery trucks
Many off road vehicles also run on diesel, as do many boats
Farm and military vehicles
Also, it's commonly used to power generators. What you thinking 'bout? The average chemical formula for common diesel fuel is C12H23, ranging approximately from C10H20 to C15H28. Chemical Composition If we could have a complete combustion of Diesel fuel, it would look like this.... 4C12H23 + 71O2 --> 48CO2 + 46H2O Of course, in the real world we don't get the complete combustion of Diesel fuel, so what comes out the exhaust is a varying mixture of substances from elemental carbon to potentially unburned fuel. The incomplete combustion of Diesel is... C12H23+11.7502=12CO+11.H20 Petroleum-derived diesel is composed of about 75% saturated hydrocarbons and 25% aromatic hydrocarbons. Saturated means that there are ONLY carbon-carbon single bonds

Unsaturated means there are at least one carbon-carbon double bond An aromatic compound is a organic molecule containing a benzene ring. Benzene is a colorless volatile liquid hydrocarbon, C6H6, present in coal tar and petroleum, which is used in chemical synthesis THANKS FOR LISTENING Y'ALL A Hydrocarbon Hydrocarbons are chemical compounds consisting entirely of carbon and hydrogen Saturated means that there are ONLY carbon-carbon single bonds

Unsaturated means there are at least one carbon-carbon double bond 3. What is an aromatic compound? An aromatic compound is a organic molecule containing a benzene ring. A diesel engine 5. What mark does this assignment deserve? %100 Adam Ayoub!
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