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Trans-Mississippi west 1860-1900

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Jasmine Carter

on 30 April 2010

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Transcript of Trans-Mississippi west 1860-1900

Double click anywhere & add an idea Trans-Mississippi West
1860-1900 Settlement on the Great Plains was preceded
by the establishment of trails across the plains.
In the 1860's, traders traveling to the gold fields of Montana,
drove their teams north along the front range of the Rocky
Mountains on the Bozeman Trail.
Native Americans were given property. If there was oil or gold found, N.A. were moved and whites would take it. they didn't want Native Americans to get rich.
During the Civil War conflicts between settlers and Indians over land and resources
use to led some major military encounters including the Battle of Adobe Walls in 1863(which was one of the largest battles ever between United States Army and Native Americans), and the Sand Creek Massacre in 1864(which was caused by a variety of reasons, like communication which played an ingral role). Indian policy after the Civil War included the treaty process by which Indians agreed to cede traditional lands, remove to a reservation, and cease hostilities aimed at other tribes, settlers, and the Army.
In return Indians were provided with money for food, household and farming equipment, and sometimes weapons.
The Peace Policy as not successful; corruption continued to rob the Indians of their money. Dawes Act or General Allotment Act:
Sponsered by Senator Henry Laurens Dawes, passed by the U.S. Congress in
1887, which decided that Native Americans to give up their tribal lands in return
for individual land grants.
Was intended to promotethe integration of the Indians to the homesteading way of life. (sending them to schools, getting their hair cut, basically to be like white folks.)
Main effect was to open up Indian territory to white settlers.
Fulfilled the desire of the U.S. government to suppress the Indian way of life and force assimilation into white culture. Other Policies:
1871 Act of Mar- congressional act forbad further treaties with
Native American tribes--Tribes became wards of the government.
1898 Curtis Act- ended tribal governments of tribes refusing allotment, which was enforced by the Dawes Act. Biblography

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