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3.07 Hormone Disorder Case Study:

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Jade Marrow

on 13 January 2015

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Transcript of 3.07 Hormone Disorder Case Study:

1. Excessive thirst and increased urination
2. Fatigue
3. Weight loss
4. Blurred vision
5. Slow-healing sores or frequent infections
6. Tingling hands and feet
7. Red, swollen, tender gums
What are the symptoms of diabetes?
3.07 Hormone Disorder Case Study:
1. Type 1 Diabetes
-commonly occurs in juveniles or before the age of 30
-Insulin will always need to be taken
2. Type 2 Diabetes
-"The either resists the effects of insulin or doesn't produce enough insulin to maintain a normal blood sugar level"
-A healthy diet and exercise may be enough to lower blood sugar
Other types of Diabetes:
-Gestational Diabetes
-Surgically induced Diabetes
-Chemically induced Diabetes
-Latent autoimmune Diabetes in adults or type 1.5 Diabetes
What are the different types of diabetes?
Although a predisposition for diabetes may be inherited, genes alone are not enough and it must also be triggered by an environmental factor
Type 1 Diabetes:
-Often needs to be inherited by both parents
-More common in whites
-Possible triggers include: cold weather, viruses, and diet
Type 2 Diabetes:
-Likely inherited by parents
-Likely triggered by eating habits inherited by parents
-Difficult to tell if its caused by eating habits or genes
What is known about the genetics of diabetic disorders?
-Level of glucose in the blood is above normal
-Metabolic system of checks and balances in the body is not working
-Insulin is not being produced
-Glucose is building up in the bloodstream
-Pancreas looses all ability to produce insulin
-Islet cells in the pancreas that produce insulin are all gradually destroyed
What goes wrong when juvenile diabetes sets in?
1. Regulates sugar in the bloodstream
-keeps the level of sugar within a normal range
-"After you eat, carbohydrates break down into sugar and enter the bloodstream in the form of glucose, a sugar that serves as a primary source of energy. Normally, the pancreas responds by producing insulin, which allows sugar to enter the tissues."
2. Stores excess glucose for energy
-While insulin levels are high (after eating), excess glucose gets stored as glycogen in the liver
-While insulin levels are low (between meals), the liver releases glycogen into the bloodstream as sugar

What is known about the role that insulin plays in the processing of blood sugar?
When blood sugar levels are high, insulin is produced by the pancreas which allows sugar to enter the tissues and exit the bloodstream, thus lowering blood sugar levels
How does insulin affect the target cells and tissues to lower blood sugar?
Type 1 Diabetes:
-Insulin injections daily (mandatory)
-Appropriate diet
-Careful self-monitoring of blood sugar levels
-Careful self-monitoring of ketone levels in the urine
-Regular monitoring of the hemoglobin A1c levels
-Administering insulin through inhalers or pills (being studied)
-Pancreas and islet cell transplants
Type 2 Diabetes:
-Proper diet
-Weight control
-Appropriate exercise program
-Regular foot inspections
-Oral medications, and/or insulin replacement therapy
-Regular monitoring of hemoglobin A1c levels
What are the various treatments for the different diabetic conditions?
(via: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/diabetes/in-depth/diabetes-symptoms/art-20044248?pg=2)
(via: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/diabetes/expert-blog/types-of-diabetes/bgp-20056516)
(via: http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/genetics-of-diabetes.html)
(via: http://www.joslin.org/info/new_to_type_1_diabetes_information_for_parents.html)
Full transcript