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Medieval World Part 2
Transcript of Medieval World Part 2
THE MEDIEVAL WORLD
Europe's Scientific Revolution allowed explorers
to be able to improve sea navigation and to
travel across The Atlantic Ocean...
Because of better technology the Aztec Empire was conquered
by the Europeans when they arrived in 1532.
In around 1340 throughout the 1600s, Florence became the most populated place with artists of the Renaissance. Some people such as Leonardo da Vinci and Shakespeare influenced art and poetry. Their ideas came from Roman and Greek culture.
Feudalism was falling apart due to the Bubonic Plague, it started to make people turn on one another.This is connected to the Jew's being accused of starting the plague and their banishment from countries such as Germany, England, and France in Europe starting in 1347.
During the beginning of the Renaissance which was about 1350,
art in Italy was made with a combination of Greek and Roman culture. Many of these works affected how people thought.
In 1368 C.E., trade and commerce flourished because the
Mongol Empire controlled Asia's trading system with Europe. Because of the Renaissance's rise of economy, many Italian merchants became very wealthy during the 1300s.
In 1450, Johannes Gutenberg improved the printing press in Germany which was first created in China. This lead to the spread of the ideas of the Renaissance with pamphlets and short writings.
The Mongol Empire
Due to the collapse of the Teotihuacan Empire the Toltecs took over the Valley of Mexico around the 700's. After this event the Aztecs came to the Valley in 1250 C.E. The Aztecs lived in present day Mexico.
Aztec's Human Sacrifice
When the Middle Ages ended, the Renaissance began in Italy
and spread throughout Europe with classical art and learning.
This changed all future artists and their styles. The Renaissance
began in the 1300s and lasted to the 1500s C.E .
In 1497, John Cabot, a European explorer, made England's first
voyage of discovery. He traveled to what is now Canada.
John Cabot traveling across
The Reformation started when many Christian Churches separated from the Roman Catholic Church such as the British who started their own religion, Anglican. The Reformation lasted through the start of the 1500s throughout the 1600s.
In 1500, Pedro Cabral began to battle Muslim fleets. Pedro returned to Portugal in June 1501.
Due to the infections the Spaniards brought with them, the Meso-Americans were killed and were enslaved. The infections the Spaniards brought to the Meso-Americans lasted from 1520-1521.
Lutheranism began in 1521 when Martin Luther was excommunicated from the Roman Catholic Church. Luther was excommunicated because he posted a theses against the Church,on a church door in Wittenberg, Germany.
Calvinism was a new religion made in 1541, by Frenchman John Calvin.
John Calvin was one of the earlier leaders of the reformation from the Roman Catholic Church.
The Council of Trent started in 1545 which went for the counter reformation that protested to keep the Roman Catholic
Religion popular among the people. This worked as Teresa of
Avila, a nun, started a new religious order in Spain.
In 1609, Galileo Galilee improved and made a telescope of his own in Padua, Italy. He took this idea from Hans Lippershey who made the first telescope in Middle Burg, Netherlands.
Hans Lippershey's Telescope
The Bubonic Plague started in China and spread to
Europe due to the Silk Road and hit Europe in 1347.
China's population was reduced to half and about a
third of the Europeans died.
Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer was the first person to circumnavigate the world. Sadly, Magellan was killed in the Philippines in 1521 and his crew finished the voyage without their captain.
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In about 1240 C.E, the Mande Conquered Kumbi. They
took control of the trade routes to North Africa and built
the Empire of Mali.
Italian Cesare Beccaria believed in the rights of the accused
and in 1763 Beccaria objected practices of torture. His ideas
inspired the ideas of the U.S. Constitution.
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For the first part go to:
J.J. Tolibao, Jonathan Lopez, Jeffrey Rubi
Andy Salas, Collin Reyes
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