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Transcript of Karl Marx
He was married to Jenny von Westphalen, and together they had 7 children. Three of them survived past childhood, and lived successful lives. Jenny died of cancer on December 2 1881. Relationships Karl's and Friedrich's
Families Karl and Jenny Marx Young Marx Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels Life Events His Books and Works Marx had 5 published books; two examples of these are "Das Kapital," which translates to "Capital," and "The Communist Manifesto."
"Das Kapital" describes the capitalist economic system and its relationship to people and the government. Since Marx did not support capitalism, he is basically describing how this system does not work and is doomed to fail. Marxism Marx wrote both of these books with assistance from Friedrich Engels Marx and Friedrich working
at a table with other men Youtube vid Painting of Marx Marxism is the collection of ideas Marx formed that together create a sort of socio-political philosophy. The basis of this philosophy is that history and historical events are a direct result of the economy and economic ups and downs. Literally, events in current society are a direct result of the current economic situation. (Marx was also a stong believer in socialism, another aspect of communism; he believed capitalism was unsustainable and doomed to fail) It goes into more detail about how and why, but the other key idea is that the lower class will eventually overcome the upper class, and having no resources to secure private ownership and such, will destroy ownership and therefore wealth and the social class system, basically the true manifestation of communism, with everyone owning everything. This will destroy every aspect of the economy, and therefore remove history itself or any need for it. This idea is the basis of communism, though it grew more corrupt in the hands of powerful people and dictators. “The philosophers have only interpreted the world, the point is to change it.” Although it may not have been his intention, Karl Marx was definitely a negative influence on society. Quite simply, peoples reaction to his ideas and attempts to make them reality ended in violence, revolutions, war, and the spread of communism and oppression throughout the world. His Influence Karl Marx was Born on May 5, 1818 in Trier, Rhenish Prussia (modern Germany) and died on March 14, 1883 in London, England.
He was a political philosopher and idealist. His writings and viewpoints created the basis for the modern interpretation of communism and socialism. His ideas were and still are a source of great controversy, however, and he was often forced to move from place to place due to being expelled from countries. His philosophy is collectively referred to as Marxism, and were the cause of many communist movements and political changes throughout the twentieth century. Marx was good friends with and collaborated excessively with Friedrich Engels; they first met in 1842, but their friendship began in 1844 when they realized they shared many of the same political, religious, and economic views. Engels helped write and edit many of Marx’s works, and they worked together to develop and discuss political ideas. Also, Engels provided heavy financial support that ended up saving Marx from starvation. 1835- He enrolled in Bonn University to become a lawyer like his father wanted 1836- Marx is removed from Bonn and goes to the University of Berlin for a more philosophical education; there he joined a group of thinkers who questioned government, religion, and economics. 1842- Marx becomes the editor of "Rheinische Zeitung," a newspaper supposedly open to any ideas. However, he resigned within a year, just before the Berlin government ceased its publishing. 1843- Marx went to Paris and began his intellectual studies and writings, as well as becoming involved with communist and socialist groups. 1845- Marx is removed from France
and goes to Brussels, Belgium. Here he
wrote "The Communist Manifesto" and
was active in many communist activities. He was then forced out of Belgium as well. 1847-1848- Marx went back to Prussia, and became the editor of the same newspaper, now the "Neue Rheinische Zeitung," which was again stopped within a year, and Marx was permanently exiled from Prussia. Later 1848- Marx returns to Paris,
and is again removed by the government. 1848 and after- Marx lives in London, though he is denied citizenship by the government. "The Communist Manifesto" was a work he did at the request of a communist group; in this work he describes the goals and reasoning of communism and how unequal class systems are very bad for a country. In this work he also lays down the basis of Marxism and how he thinks society should work. Old Marx