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Speech-Language Pathology

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by

Lindsay Miles

on 3 April 2011

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Transcript of Speech-Language Pathology

Speech & Language Pathology Areas of Modification Physical Classroom Space Pedagogical Materials Assessment and Evaluation Instructional Language Modelling Concrete Instructional Tools Self Regulation Strategies Activities for Students with
Speech and Language Disorders Think, Pair, Share Show and Tell Creative Writing Think, Talk, Write Disorders Speech Disorders Central Auditory Processing Disorders Dysphagia Hearing Impairment Language Disorder Cooperative Problem Solving Catch The Mistake and
Make it Right Mathematician's Chair Students Problem Posing Reflect, Retell, Relate evaluation, diagnosis, treatment and prevention I E P Thanks for listening!
Presentation by
Jade, Jeff, and Joe from Ontario Ministry of Education (2005). Education For All impaired sensitivity of the auditory system speech language cognitive communication swallowing hearing auditory processing articulation fluency voice atypical production of speech
sounds that may interfere with intelligibility interruptings in the flow of speaking:
-rate
-rhythm
-repetition of sounds abnormal productions of voice quality, pitch, loudness, resonance, or duration
(in comparison to age / sex) impaired comprehension and/or use of spoken, written, or other symbol systems form phonology: rules for sound combinations in a language
morphology: structure and constructions of words
syntax: order and combinatoin of words to form sentences content function semantics: the meaning of words and sentences pragmatics: the use of language in functional and socially appropriate communication development
production
comprehension
maintenance speech & language Deaf Hard of Hearing difficulties with detection
recognition
discriminationh
comprehension
perception Cochlear Implant fluctuating vs. permanent
sensorineural vs. conductive unilateral vs. bilateral
age at implantation deaf vs. Deaf articulation disorders caused by neurological damage motor speech
disorders deficits in information processing of auditory signals, though not attributed to impaired hearing or intellectual ability attend to , discriminate, and identify acoustic signals
transform and transmit information (PNS and CNS)
filter, sort, and combine information
store and retrieve information
restore, organize, and use retrieved info
segment and decode acoustic stimuli
attach meaning to a stream of acoustic signals (linguistic and nonlinguistic) Augmentative and Alternative Communication systems compensate and facilitate for severe expressive and/or language comprehension disorders AAC temporary or permanent
primary or supplemental
multiple modalities picture symbols

alphabet boards

sign language

speech-generative devices

typing / writing

eye gaze comprehension....story telling... written narratives.... vocabulary impairment in the area of feeding anr/or swallowing dynamic functions of swallowing
part of interdisciplinary team
advocating for individuals with feeing / swallowing disorders
maintain safety during feeding and drinking
ensure safety while at school

Refernces:
1. Bailey, R., Stoner, J., Angell, M., Fetzer, A. (2008). School-Based Speech-Language Pathologists’ Perspectives on Dysphagia Management in the Schools. Language, Speech, & Hearing Services in Schools, 39, 441-450.
2. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (2002). Roles of Speech-Language Pathologists in Swallowing and Feeding Disorders [Position Statement]. Available from www.asha.org/policy. References:
1. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (1993). Definitions of Communication Disorders and Variations [Relevant Paper]. Available from www.asha.org/policy. References:
1. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (1993). Definitions of Communication Disorders and Variations [Relevant Paper]. Available from www.asha.org/policy. References:
1. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (1993). Definitions of Communication Disorders and Variations [Relevant Paper]. Available from www.asha.org/policy. References:
1. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (1993). Definitions of Communication Disorders and Variations [Relevant Paper]. Available from www.asha.org/policy. References:
1. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (1993). Definitions of Communication Disorders and Variations [Relevant Paper]. Available from www.asha.org/policy. cognitive communication http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos099.htm
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