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Moroccan Political System
Transcript of Moroccan Political System
system The Chamber of Representatives contains 325 members that are elected by popular vote to serve for five or six year terms.
The legislative branch have the power to vote on laws, determining crimes and penalties, determining the statute of magistrates and public offices, determining the electoral system of local assemblies and councils, establishing new public agencies and nationalizing enterprises The Judicial Branch Morocco has a Constitutional Democracy for of government. This means that the country is ruled by a king or queen that has absolute control, but that follow the constitution and that use the help of a prime minister. Morocco has a unitary form of government, and there are no states.
The Moroccan Political System is made up of three branches: The king is the chief of the country. He is the main person in the executive branch. He selects the the prime minister who ensures the execution of laws. He also appoints a council of ministers. The legislative branch consists of two chambers: The Judicial branch Interprets the constitution and reviews laws.
The Supreme Court has five chambers: constitutional, penal, administrative, social, and civil.
The most important part of the judicial branch is the supreme court. The judges are selected by the king and serve for 9 years. The Constitution:
Morocco has a constitution. Some things said in the constitution are:
Morocco shall have a democratic, social and constitutional Monarchy.
Men and women shall enjoy equal political rights.
freedom of movement through, and of settlement in, all parts of the Kingdom
freedom of opinion, of expression in all its forms, and of public gathering;
freedom of association, and the freedom to belong to any union or political group of their choice. To vote in Morocco you must be at least 18 years old and anybody from the country can vote. The king reins for a life time and the citizens do not vote for a king. The king is determined by blood. There are many political parties in Morocco. The National Entete is the alliance of political parties that support the political views of the right, that was created in 1993 by the National Popular Movement, the Social Democratic Movement, and the Constitutional Union. The Democratic Bloc, the opposing alliance was created in 1992, and comprises the Istiqlal Party, the Socialist Union of Popular Forces, the Party of Progress and Socialism, and the Organization of Democratic Popular Action. There are about a dozen Islamic fundamentalist political parties. These groups are not legal although they are unofficially accepted. Several independent parties also exist. The citizens can't vote for their king, because Morocco has a constitutional monarchy, so the king is determined by blood and rules for a lifetime, but the citezens are permitted to vote for other people in the government that help run the country. The Kingdom of Morocco developed a constitutional monarchy based on Islamic law and French and Spanish civil law systems soon after receiving independence.
King of Morocco Political Parties: Disadvantages of a constitutional Monarchy:
Citizens cannot vote for their leader
The king rules for a lifetime so it is impossible to get rid of them
When one person has most power they do not listen and serve the citizens as much Advantages o a constitutional Monarchy:
Only a few people are in charge so it makes it easier to make descisions because there are less opinions
There is a constitution to give citizens rights
the government has an executive, legislative and judicial branch which are equal and help the country run properly. Differences between U.S and Moroccan political system:
U.S - Representative democracy -->Morocco- Constitutional Monarchy
U.S- Federal system --> Morocco- Unitary system
U.s- king --> Morocco- president
U.S- leader elected by vote --> Morocco Leader not elected by vote
U.S- leader rules for 4-8 years --> Morocco- leader rules for lifetime Simularities between U.S and Moroccan political system:
3 branches of government: executive, Legislative and judicial branch
Two houses/chambers in legislative branch
checks and balances
there is a constitution