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The Iroquois Confederacy

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Jessica Gahir

on 4 May 2013

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Transcript of The Iroquois Confederacy

Democracy in Action: the Iroquois Confederacy By:Jessica Gahir The Structure of the Iroquois Confederacy The structure was built while a war was going on. The tribes called the Mohawks, the Senecas, the Onondagas, the Oneidas, and the Cayugas were fighting. Two men named Deganawidah and Hyantwatha decided the fighting should come to an end. Deganawidah said, "To war against each other is foolish and evil. Hunters are afraid to go into the forest. Fishermen are afraid to follow the streams. Women are afraid to work in the fields. Because of war, people are starving and suffering. War must end, and Peace must be established for all peoples." Nihewan Foundation. (2002) Retrieved April 2,2012 from http://www.cradleboard.org/cirriculum/powwow/lessons/elemsocial/el_gv_ir.html In the center of the wampum belt, there is a tree. The tree represents the path to the confederacy. You can get there if you follow the roots. The Role of Women in the Iroquois Confederacy Women had positions of respect in Iroquois society. The women were the ones who take care of the children and give birth to them. Women also got to own the property and homes where as in Athens, it was men who were the lucky ones. When a woman got married, her husband would come to live in her family's longhouse. Their children belonged to the mother's clan. That means that if the father was from the Bear clan, and the mother was from the Wolf clan, the child would also be a part of the Wolf clan. The women grew corn, beans and squash which were the main food supply of the Iroquois. These crops are known as the "Three Sisters." J. Craig Harding and Alan Sears (2008) Prince Andrew Place. Pearson Canada Inc.
(Our Social Studies Textbook). The warriors listened to what he had to say, since they understood, they dropped their weapons. All five of those tribes formed a union which is also called a confederacy. Their government is called the Great Peace of Law. It was the first United Nations. Later, the Tuscarora nation joined them too, so now there are six tribes. The tribes who were fighting are now together and work as one person. They compared themselves in a long log house they built with six fireplaces. If anyone from any nation was attacked, everyone from all the tribes would feel the pain. The Wampum Belt represents the union of the Five Nations. The belt was made in memory of the Great Peace. The Use of Consensus in the Iroquois Confederacy First of all, let's define what consensus is. Consensus is the way that they made decisions in the Iroquois Confederacy. Consensus was a way for everyone to have a voice and the system of decision making requires the agreement of all. This was a way that fairness and equality were maintained in the Iroquois society. So, an example would be if our class were going on a field trip, and we could choose between a recreation center and the Telus World Of Science, consensus would basically be a way to make a compromise for which one you chose. The Importance of Wampum Belts to Iroquois Identity Wampum belts were made to show history, treaty conformations, and much more. They were made out of cylinder beads and were used to design the illustration in which recorded the path of peace between all the nations. The word wampum came from the Algonquian word wampumpeag meaning white shell beads. Originally, white and purple were the main colours of wampum beads due to the natural formation of the Quahog shells that were used. Since only two colours were originally used for the wampum beads, each colour has a strong importance. White wampum symbolizes health, peace or purity, and prosperity. Purple wampum meant hostility, disease, death and sorrow. When these beads are strung, they would convey an even stronger message. http://history4508.wordpress.com/2011/04/11/the-importance-of-wampum-belts-in-the-haudenosaunee-culture/ How the Iroquois Confederacy Established Democratic Ideas of Fairness and Equity The Iroquois Confederacy showed democratic ways because instead of voting, they used consensus, which was their idea of a democracy, they demonstrated fairness and equity by letting women vote rather than men being able to do everything. It may not be the democracy we have today, but it was a good strategy for democracy. Special Thanks to: http://www.google.ca/ http://images.google.ca/ > Retrieved April 2nd and 3rd. I'm wondering when THE END is. http://www.prezi.com for allowing me to make this wonderful prezi. The wampum belt was how the Iroquois told their history and stories. AND Mr.C for the information. c
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