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on 20 October 2015

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Transcript of Timeline

1800 BCE
Abraham and family came
to Caanan
2000-1000 BCE
- Egypt dominated Kush
2000 BCE
- Mycenaeans settled in area around Greece
1500-1200 BCE
- Hebrews leave Egypt (the Exodus)
1500 BCE
- Mycenaeans come in contact with Minoans

2080-1640 BCE
1400 BCE
Egypt conquers Syria and Palestine
1200 BCE
1290 to 1240 BCE- Ramses II rules over Egypt
1285 BCE- Egyptians & Hittites clash at Kadesh over Palestinian land
1200 BCE- Egypt falls to Sea People (Phoenicians)
1200 BCE- Ten year Trojan War
950-730 BCE
Libyan pharaohs rule Egypt (called Black Pharaohs)
671 BCE
Assyrians conquer Egypt
1600 BCE
Queen Ahhetop helps to expel the Hyksoses from Egypt
600 BCE
between 850 & 650 BCE - Assyria defeated Syria, Palestine and Babylonia
650 BCE- Peak of Assyrian Empire
650 BCE- Messenians revolt against Sparta
621 BCE- Draco develops legal code in Athens
612 BCE- Medes & Chaldeans burn and level Ninevah
600 BCE- the time in which Zoroaster lived
600-371 BCE- Sparta has strongest army in Greece
500 BCE
594 BCE-Solon comes to power in Athens
550 BCE- Cyrus begins expanding Persia through conquest
551 BCE- Confucius is born in Lu, China
546 BCE- Persia controls Iona area
538 BCE- Cyrus allows Jews to return to Jerusalem
530 BCE- Cyrus the Great dies
522 BCE- Darius seizes the throne with the help of the Ten Thousand Immortals
500 BC- Cleisthenes introduces further democratic reforms in Athens
200 BCE
287 BCE- Archimedes, son of Phidias, is born in Syracuse
241 BCE- Rome conquers Carthage in the first Punic war with a truce made in Sicily
240 BCE- start of the Qin dynasty with Shi-Huangdi's ascendance to the throne
212 or 211 BCE- Siege of Syracuse by the Roman Army, death of Archimedes
202 BCE- start of the Han dynasty
no written history on Greece exists (Dorian Age)
1150-750 BCE
400 BCE
490 BCE- Battle of Marathon
480 BCE- Xerxes assembles huge army to crush Athens
479 BCE- Xerxes is crushed at Battle of Plataea by Greek city-states (Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Megara, etc)
479 BCE- Confucius dies in Qufu, China
478 BCE- Delian League formed by Greek city-states
432 BCE- Parthenon completed in Athens
431 BCE- Sparta declares war on Athens
415 BCE- both city-states sign a truce
413 BCE- Athens was crushed by Syracuse
399 BCE
Socrates sentenced to death by men of Athens for "corrupting the youth of Athens"; forced to drink hemlock
146 BCE
Ancient Greece added to the Roman Republic
332 BCE
Alexander the Great of Macedonia establishes Alexandria in Egypt
End of BCE
58 BCE- Julius Caesar invaded Gaul
44 BC, March 15th- Julius Caesar murdered by Brutus, Cassius and Mark Antony
44 BCE- famous Roman orator, Cicero beheaded by order of Mark Antony
43 BCE- the second Triumvirate formed (Octavian, Lepidus, and Mark Antony)
42 BCE- Brutus and Cassius killed by Octavian and Antony, who now have sole control of the Roman Empire
31 BCE- Battle of Actium, Octavian beat Antony and Cleopatra
27 BCE- Octavian is honored by the Senate with the title of Augustus
12 BCE- Augustus is made a god
4 BCE- Herod dies in Jerusalem
First Century CE
4 CE- with both Gauis and Lucius dead, Tiberius is adopted and made Augustus' heir
6 CE- Judas of Galilee tries but fails to start a rebellion among the Jews against Rome
9 CE- Germans rise against Romans under Hermann
14 CE- Augustus Caesar dies in Naples
29 CE- Pontius Pilate becomes governor of Judea
30 CE- Jesus is crucified right outside of Jerusalem by the Romans
The 2nd Punic War (241- 201 BCE)
229 BCE- Hamilcar (Hannibal's father) dies and command is handed to his son-in-law, Hasdrubal
226 BCE- Hasdrubal signs treaty with Romans
221 BCE- Hasdrubal assassinated, Hannibal handed leadership of Carthaginian forces
219 BCE- Saguntum taken by Carthaginians, war declared between Carthage and Rome
218 BCE- Hannibal leads army across Alps into Italy
215 BCE- Hannibal forges an alliance with Philip V of Macedon
209 BCE- Scipio captures New Carthage
207 BCE- Hasdrubal (Hannibal's brother) is killed at Metaurus
201 BCE- uneasy peace sworn between Carthage and Rome
2nd Century
100 CE- extreme persecution of christians for refusal to worship other gods
120 Scots construst Hadrian's Wall to hold off Romans in England
3rd Century
200 CE- completion of Roman Road system
212 CE- Caracalla's edict grants Roman citizenship to all free inhabitants of the Roman Empire

Early 4th Century
5th Century
451 CE- Council of Chalcedon; upheld the decision made by the Council of Nicaea
476 CE- Roman Empire ends in Europe and Odovacar takes Italian throne as King
481 CE- Clovis found Merovingian rulershp in Frankish Kingdom
484 CE- West & East church reconcile 1st schism
493 CE- Ostrogoths led by Theodoric invade Italy and kill Odovacar
5th & 6th century- germanic tribes that overran western R.E. convert to Christianity
Early 1100's- began using Coat of Arms
1100's - Heloise, a french scholar, becomes an abbess
1100- Crossbows are used
1122 - Eleanor of Aquitaine is born
1140's- DEcvretum of Gratiab- Church publishes rules to define marriage
1175 - King Rory O'Connor granted Henry of England lordship over Ireland
1182 - thousands of western Europeans massacred in Constantinople
1182- all Jews were banned from France
1187 - Jerusalem recaptured by Muslims
11th Cenutry
8th Century
700's CE- Appearance of knights with the invention of the stirrups
711 CE- Muslim invasion of Spain
741 CE- Emperor Shomu ordered Togaiji to be central base of buddhism
751 CE- Pepin the Short gained Frankish throne through Pope's blessing and established Carolingians
794 CE- Emperor Kanmu moved Japanese capitol from Nara to Kyoto
364 CE- Valentinian divides R.E. into Western and Eastern placing Valens as first Eastern emperor
370 CE- Fritigern convinces Emperor Valen to let the Tervingi settle in R.E. to escape Huns
376-380 CE- Gothic Tervingi people live in Rome
378 CE- Battle of Adrianople; Fritigern defeats Roman Army and kills Emperor Valens
380 CE- Emperor Theodosius I adopts Christianity as official State Religion
392 CE- private sacrifices and cult worship to other gods stopped
Late 4th Century
306 CE- persecution of christians ended with the reign of Constantine and the Edict of Tolerance
312 CE- Battle of Milvian Bridge; Constantine received vision of burning cross and becomes christian
312 CE- Christianity brought into the Imperial System
313 CE- Edict of Milan; established tolerance for all religions in Roman Empire (Constantine and Licinius)
319 CE- Arianism begins
325 CE- Council of Nicaea; result was Nicene Creed (affirmed the Holy Trinity)
330 CE- Constantine founds Constantinople and makes it the capital of the Roman Empire
6th Century
511 CE- Council of Orleans; set up relationship btw chruch and Frankish Kings
529 CE- Codex Justininus, written by Emperor Justinian I, replaces old Byzantine legal code
536 CE- Belisarius invades the Ostrogothic kingdom in Italy and captures Rome
537 CE- Church of Hagia Sophia in Constantinople is finished
552 CE- Byzantine general Narses drives Ostrogoths out of Italy
555 CE- Justinian claims emperors right to confirm pope
587 CE- Visigoths converted to Christianity
7th Century
602 CE- Emperor Maurice of Byzantine is overthrown and Persia captures Egypt and the Near Eastern provinces
620 CE- Emperor Heraclius defeats the Persians and recovers lost Byzantine territory
625 CE- Mohammd begins writing the Qur'an
635 CE- Arab muslims conquer Syria
637 CE- Arabs take Jerusalem
641 CE- Egypt and Persia fall to Arabs
685 CE-Emperor Temmu commanded every household to have a buddhist altar
690 CE- Wu Zeitan becomes Empress
695 CE- Jews persecuted in Spain
698 CE- Arabs conquer North Africa
9th Century
800 CE- Charlemagne crowned Holy Roman Emperor in the West
811 CE- Bulgars defeat a Byzantine army and kill Emperor Nicephorus I
843 CE- church council ruling ends official support for iconoclasm
843 CE- Scotlands gains 1st true King in Kenneth MacAlpin
867 CE- Basil I becomes first Macedonian Emperor
893 CE- Symeon establishes Bulgarian Empire

726 CE
Iconoclasm begins in Byzantine Empire
refers to two periods in the history of the Byzantine Empire when the use of religious images or icons was opposed by religious and imperial authorities within the Eastern Church and the temporal imperial hierarchy.
Byzantine Iconoclasm
** from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Byzantine_Iconoclasm

1054 - the western and eastern branches of the Christian church separate permanently
1063 - English kill WElsh king and claim right to name kings in Wales
1066- conquest of England by William the Conquer of Normandy
1074- began excommunicating married priests
1081-1082 - Venice is given special trading rights with the Byzantine Empire
1095-1099 - Pope Urban II calls for First Crusade; Crusaders take Jerusalem and found Crusader's states
12th Century
1300's - girls' schools set up in some European cities
1300's- steel bows are introduced for the crossbows
1301 - Edward I gave son title Prince of Wales
1307- Danté writes
Divine Comedy
; most famous Western European work to be written in vernacular
1314- Battle of Bannockburn; Scots defeat England which broke the English yoke on their rule
1316- Mondin de'Luzzi wrote,
1st book of anatomy
1330 - plate armor in wide spread use
1337 - start of the 100 year war between France and England
1341 - Petrarch crowned poet laureate by Roman Senate
1346 - English used first cannon against French
1346-1437 - Luxembourgs rule "the Empire"
led by Mehmett II, the Ottoman Turks capture Constantinople, ending the Byzantine Empire and the Medieval Era
1200's - tournaments become popular
1200- Great Helm, kettle helm, and helm with ear flas appear
1204- Crusaders capture Constantinople
1204-1205 - Fourth Crusade sacks Constantinople and sets up Latin Empire; Emperor Theodore establishes Byzantine Govt in exile at Nicaea
1214 - War between Latin and Nicaea Empire ends in stalemate
1241- Mongols overrun eastern Europe
1259-1261- Emperor Michael VIII of Nicaea recaptures Constantinople ending the Latin Empire and restoring the Byzantine Empire
1277 - Edward I invades Wales
1283 - Conquest of Wales by Edward I
1290- Longbow replaces crossbow
1291 - end of the Crusades
1296- Edward took control of Scotland
13th Century
14th Century
1484 -
Summis Desiderantes
is written condemming sorcery and witchcraft
900's CE- first medical university found in Salerno, Italy
911 CE- Charles III of Franks bought peace with Vikings by giving them Normandy
989 CE- Russia joins the Byzantine church
996 CE- Emperor Basil of Byzantine passes laws to curb the Powerful
10th Century
Late 14th Century
1400's -
Scientists discovered different parts of brain corrolate to different functions
entire plate armor begins to appear
primitive guns appear
1415- Battle of Agincourt; major battle in hundred war where English defeated French
1429 - Joan of Arc leads the French to victory in the Hundred Years War
1439- Cosimo de' Medici founded the Platonic Academy in Florence
1450 - Johannes Gutenburg invents printing press
1451 - Isabella I, queen of Castille and Aragon, born
Early 15th Century
1347 - Plague reaches Egypt
1349- Plague has spread to Spain, France and England1363 - Ottomans move their capital from Asia Minor to Adrianople
1366 - Statues of Kilkenny banned Gaelic customs in Ireland
1370's- John Wyclif starts teaching against tithes
1381- Great Revolt; English peasants uprising protesting unfair taxations
1387- Gaston Phoebus writes
Le Livre de la Chasse
the Book of Hunt
1389 - Christine de Pizan becomes first known woman to make a living writing books
late 1300's -books begin to be written about how women should manage a household
1392- Geoffrey Chaucer writes
Canterbury Tales
Art & Architecture
Science, Medicine & Math
Goverment & Rulers
Weapons, War & Exploration
1455-1489 -War of Roses; Civil War btw Lancaster and Yorks, ended with success of Henry Tudor
Canterbury Tal
es is published
1492- Christopher Columbus sails the oceans blue and lands in the Carribbeans
1469-1492 Lorenzo "the Magnifent" de' Medici ruled Florence
1434-1464 Cosimo de' Medici ruled Florence
1453- end of Hundred Year War
1509 -
Praise of Folly
by Desiderius Erasmas written
1479 wedding btw Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile
1421- Age of Exploration began
1488- Bartolmeu Dias rounded Cape of Good Hope
1507- Martin Waldseemüller drew 1st map of North America as a continent
1441- first African slaves arrive in Europe
1521- Cortés conquered Aztees
1533- Francisco Pizarro conquered Peru
1492- Fall of Granada; Moors expelled from Spain
1517- Luther's 95 theses launched Reformation
1618-48- Thirty Years' War
1789- Fall of Bastille, start of French Revolution
1804 - Napoleon crowned Emperor of France
1833 - Slavery abolished in British Empire
1815 - Battle of Waterloo, Napoleon exiled to St. Helena
1497 - John Cabot discovers Newfoundland and Novia Scotia
1534- frenchman, Jacques Cartier, found Gulf of St. Lawrence
1569- Gerardus Mercator developed Mercator Projection
1586- Simon Stevin introduces decimal point
1591- François Viète proposed using x, y, & z as variables
1543- Copernicus publishes his findings on heliocentric universe
1601- Kepler publishes
New Astronomy
stating planets revolve in ellipses
1608- invention of telescope
1582- Aliosio Lillo invented Gregorian Calendar (still in use)
1497- Leonardo da Vinci painted the
Last Supper
1480- Botticelli painted
Birth of Venus
1504- Michelangelo sculpted
; Peter Henlein invented 1st pocket watch
1605- Sir Francis Bacon writes
Advancement of Learning;
Cervante writes
Don Quixote
1590- invention of compound microscope
1607- Jamestown is settled as 1st successful English colony in the New World
1608- France settles Quebèc
1687- Newton formulated 3 Laws of Motion
1461- Louis XI becomes king of France
1485- Henry VII, first Tudor king, takes English throne
1498- Vasco da Gama of Portugal reaches India by sailing around Africa
1508- Michelangelo begins work on the Sistine Chapel
1513- Machiavelli writes
The Prince
1521- Martin Luther is excommunicated by Catholic church
1522- Magellan expedition completes first circumnavigation of the Earth
1588- the English defeat the Spanish Armada
1589- Shakespeare begins writting plays with the 3-parts of
Henry VI
1600- Shakespeare writes
1595- Shakespeare writes
Romeo and Juliet
1606- Shakespeare writes
1599- The Globe Theater on the Thames River in London is built
1534- John Calvin forced out of France
1545- Catholic Church held the Council of Trent
1540- Ignatius of Loyola formed Society of Jesuis, aka the Jesuits
1454- Florence, Naples, and Milan signed the "Peace of Lodi"
1517- Catholic Church began selling Indulgences
1521- Luther put under "ban of Empire" by Charles V; goes into hiding
1531- Battle of Keppel in Switzerland
1572- Catherine de' Medi and the Guises massacre 3,000 protestants in Paris
1688- England's "Glorius Revolution"
August 4, 1776- signing of the Declaration of Independence; beginning of American Revolution
1789- French Revolution
1690- John Locke publishes
Essay Concerning Human Understanding
1719- Daniel Defoe writes
Robinson Crusoe
1726- Jonathan Swift publishes
Guillivere's Travels
1721- Montesquieu, President of Bordeaux Parliament, publishes
Persian Letters
1733- Voltaire publishes
Letters Concerning the English Nation
1762- Catherine II of Russia succeeds to the throne
1717- first Freemason's lodge in England established
1751- Freemason's condemned by Pope
Dialouges Concerning Natural Religion
by David Hume
Treatise of Human Nature
by David Hume
Theory of Moral Sentiments
by Adam Smith
Wealth of Nations
by Adam Smith
1495- Pope Alexander VI teams up with Venice, Milan, King Ferdinand and Emperor Maximilian to kick the French out of Italy
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