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Mexican Revolution (1910-1920s)

When Mexico fought for a revolution and their independence

Jamal Walcott

on 2 April 2013

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Transcript of Mexican Revolution (1910-1920s)

Timeline 1911: Landowner Fransisco I. Madero over threw dictator Porfirio Díaz and later became president for a short amount of time. . 1913: Madero was not able to create stabability and was assasinated by Victoriano Huerta. A general who was a heavy drinker and soon made himself president. Estimated casualties are hard to say with perfect accuracy but historians say it was around 1,000,000 people during the Mexican Revolution. Some even say it was more than 2,000,000 people. .Also there was an additional 300,000 people who died during the flu epidemic in 1918. The mexican Revolution 1910-1920 Porfirio Diaz proclaimed president for his eighth term. Diaz had quickly modernized Mexico at great cost. Diaz was a general who became a hero fighting the French Intervention of 1864-67. To stop the cycle of military revolts he offered pan o palo (bread or the stick). Ambitious political and military leaders were put on the gov payroll with high salaries or faced imprisonment or execution. "A dog with a bone neither bites or barks." Believing the Hacienda (large estates) were more efficient than traditional methods, many Indians and campesinos (farmers) lost their farms and became virtual slaves on the large haciendas. Poverty increased and workers wages remained low . 1910 Francisco Madero, a reformer from a wealthy hacienda family ran against Diaz and was thrown in jail after becoming too popular. Madero joined by other local leaders, including a 32 year old local bandit Doroteo Arango, better known as Pancho Villa. His men are known as dorados 'golden ones' because of their golden hued uniforms and rode into battle crying Viva Villa ! Viva la Revolucion ! Famous for their cavalry charges,often led by Villa himself Diaz 'Madero has unleashed a tiger; let’s see if he can ride it."' Diaz dies in Paris four years later. Huerta's regime harsher and more brutal than Diaz's. Huerta jails 110 members of Congress. 100 Madero supporters are executed.The press,which had been free under Madero, is again gagged as it was in Diaz's time Huerta is supported by conservatives, the Catholic Church (which lost land and power in the last century) and the American business community. 1914 Tampico Affair Carranza's forces were ten miles from the prosperous oil town of Tampico.. There was a considerable concentration of U.S. citizens in the area due to the immense investment of American firms in the local oil industry. Several American warships commanded by Rear Admiral Harry T. Mayo settled in the area with the expectation of protecting American citizens and property. Americans sailors detained by Huerta soldiers and released. American Rear Adm. demands formal apology and the American flag raised ashore with a 21 gun salute. The Mexican commander refuses. Wilson orders Atlantic Fleet to Mexico April 21 800 American seamen and marines land at Veracruz. 126 Mexicans and 17 Americans killed.Resentment against Americans grows in Mexico. Arms and supplies from Germany to Huerta cut off. Huerta is removed from power Pancho Villa becomes a National hero, constantly fighting for liberation Zimmermann Telegram German offers Mexico material aid in the reclamation of territory lost during the Mexican-American War and the Gadsden Purchase, Carranza formally declined Zimmermann's proposals on April 14, by which time the U.S. had declared war on Germany. 1917 Carranza officially becomes president after election Carranza flees to Veracruz, taking national treasury ( 5 million in gold and silver) and 10,000 followers. A dynamite laded train smashes into the lead train,killing 200. Carranza retreats with 100 followers. Meets guerrilla leader Rodolfo Herrero who professes loyalty, but murders him while he is sleeping
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