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Dr.Jekyll & Mr.Hyde, Picture of Dorian Gray

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Zeinab M.

on 11 June 2014

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Transcript of Dr.Jekyll & Mr.Hyde, Picture of Dorian Gray

The Theme of Reputation
Robert Stevenson &
Oscar Wilde

Dr.Jekyll & Mr.Hyde, Picture of Dorian Gray
Dorian Gray
Former Friend
Current Friend
Lord Henry Wotton
Basil Hallward
Former lover
Sibyl Vane
Deceased Mother
Lady Margaret Devereux
James Vane
Victoria a.k.a Lady Henry
Literary Devices
Lord Kelso
Unnamed Officer
Writing Techniques
Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
Our Ratings
Deceased Husband
Lady Agatha
The Picture of Dorian Gray
Strange Case of Doctor Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
Doctor Jekyll
Mr. Utterson
Mr. Lanyon
Former Friend
Sir Danvers Carew
Mr. Enfield
Compare and Contrast
The Theme of Friendship
Less female characters in Doctor Jekyll and Mr.Hyde
Dorian Gray
Sir Henry Wotton
Lack of family and or backgrounds for characters in Doctor Jekyll and Mr.Hyde
Both characters had a darker side that they succumbed to
Dorian lived for pleasure, Jekyll wished to give into temptations
Former Friend
Alan Campbell
Best friends of main characters and influential to them: negative and positive
Mr. Utterson tries to help his friend, Henry does little to help Dorian

• Late nineteenth century London, England
• Victorian Era (Queen Victoria’s reign)
• Mysterious, a mood of impeding doom
• Described as a city of hidden terrors with vivid descriptions of the dark underside of London
• Important as it creates a setting in which the emergence of an evil like Hyde is believable
• Also creates a social commentary

Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
“The dismal quarter of Soho seen under these changing glimpses, with its muddy ways, and slatternly passengers, and its lamps, which had never been extinguished or had been kindled afresh to combat this mournful re-invasion of darkness, seemed, in the lawyer's eyes, like a district of some city in a nightmare. ” ( Stevenson 33)
The Picture of Dorian Gray

"I wish I could love, but I seem to have lost my passion and forgotten my desire"
"Anything becomes pleasure if one does it often"
"Really, someone should interfere"
"we shall all suffer for what god has given us...suffer terribly"
"I entirely decline to be mixed up in your life, keep our horrible secrets to yourself"
"if that man wrongs my sister, I will find out who he is, track him down and kill him like a dog"
"You had brought me something higher, something of which all art is but a reflection"
"She was an extraordinary beautiful girl"
"He was a mean dog"
"a penniless fellow- a mere nobody"
"He is not easy to describe. There is something wrong with his appearance; Something displeasing, something downright detestable"
"I was often plunged into a kind of wonder at my various depravity"
Throughout both novels we see the theme of friendship.

Each novel displays multiple forms of friendship: Negative and Positive ones like the devil and angel on your shoulder
We see friendship as a crucial part of characters lives
and the gaining and loss of are important parts of each book
We see much conflict between friends attempting to help each other or using one another to selfish ends
"it was frequently his fortune to be the last reputable acquaintance and the last good influence in the lives of down going men"
"I am ashamed of my long tongue"
"I have had a shock and i shall never recover. it is a question of weeks. Well life has been pleasent. I liked it; yes, sir, I used to like it"
"I think there's been foul play"
"innocent and old-world kindness of disposition"
"she was usually in love with somebody"
Occurs in the 1890s
Inclusion of the yellow book – a loosely-veiled version of À Rebours by J.K. Huysmans – means that Dorian must be living some time after its publication in 1884.
Occurs in two areas of London- the wealthy West End and the decaying East End
These two settings allow for Dorian to lead a double life
Occurs during the Decadent artistic movement (the celebration of aesthetic pleasure and sensual experience or hedonism)
This movement contrasts the broader setting of the Victorian era which was a time of strict moral standards and severe judgments
Deepens the theme of duality of human nature as it so sharply contrasts these two sides
Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
“A great chocolate-coloured pall lowered over heaven, but the wind was continually charging and routing these embattled vapours; so that as the cab crawled from street to street, Mr. Utterson beheld a marvellous number of degrees and hues of twilight; for here it would be dark like the back-end of evening; and there would be a glow of a rich, lurid brown, like the light of some strange conflagration; and here, for a moment, the fog would be quite broken up, and a haggard shaft of daylight would glance in between the swirling wreaths.” (Stevenson 32)
Although the remainder of the text is forthright Stevenson inserts vivid language when describing London
The use of evocative language creates an eerie aura in an otherwise dry narrative
These descriptions are attributed to Utterson and they hint at a darker underside within him
They also create a darker underside within the text itself
The characterization of Mr. Utterson is a metaphor for humanity. He seems straightforward but he in fact has a darker underside within him. This is evident through his fascination with outcasts and in his dark descriptions of London
The text itself too becomes a metaphor as it appears straightforward but contains a dark underside
This is important because it enhances one of the main themes of the book
Reoccurring references to the Bible
Examples include Cain's Heresy and the Babylonian Finger on the Wall
Relevant as they are typical of the Victorian Era and thus authenticate the setting
Also popular in the thought of the time period’s audience making these allusions easily accessible
Biblical Allusions
The respectable look of the house symbolizes the respectable look of Jekyll while the decaying laboratory symbolizes the corrupt nature of Mr. Hyde
The connection between the two houses also symbolizes the connection between the two personas
Important because it foreshadows the ending of the novel and is relevant to one it’s main themes
Jekyll’s House and Laboratory
Mr. Hyde's Appearance
His grotesque appearance symbolizes his moral corruption
His small stature represents his long-standing repression
Also a social commentary as those from the Victorian Era believed one could identify a criminal through their appearance
The Picture of Dorian Gray
The Portrait
A visible representation of Dorian’s soul. It becomes uglier and uglier with every crime he commits. It acts as a conscious for Dorian and this constant reminder of his sins causes Dorian to lose his sanity.
This symbol is integral to the plot of the story
The Yellow Book
An important Decadent novel that acts as a Dorian’s Holy Scripture as he bases many of his life decisions on the novel.
The book both represents the poisonous influence Lord Henry has on Dorian and also represents the greater influence art can have people.
James Vane
An embodiment of Dorian’s consciousness.
A flat character who mostly works to persuade Dorian to repent for his sins.
Important as he represents Dorian’s last chance to live a moral life, which is a chance that Dorian rejects.
Decadent Art and Music References
Refers to a number of Decadent works which are important as they enhance the setting and the pervading theme of the influence of art
Includes such works Théophile Gautier’s poem Emaux et Camees
Frequent allusions to Shakespeare especially as Dorian describes the many characters Sibyl plays (Ophelia, Juliet, etc.)
The works of Shakespeare are perceived as higher art and represent the ideals of the upper class
Dr. Jekyll and Mr.Hyde
Wilde was inspired by the theme of this novel and it is evident in the plot of Dorian Gray
A substantial influence on the plot
"Where he went he hardly knew. He remembered wandering through dimly lit streets, past gaunt, black-shadowed archways and evil-looking houses. Women with hoarse voices and harsh laughter had called after him. Drunkards had reeled by cursing, and chattering to themselves like monstrous apes. He had seen grotesque children huddled upon doorsteps, and heard shrieks and oaths from gloomy courts." (Wilde 100)
Historical Context
Both novels were written in the same era;the Victorian era
It was a long period of peace, prosperity and national self-confidence for Britain
It was also a time of tremendous scientific progress
The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
Internal Conflicts:

Man vs. self:
Jekyll struggles with his dual-nature.
The good and evil(Mr. Hyde) that is inside of him.
This is specifically observed when Jekyll becomes unable to control his transformations.

External Conflicts:

Man vs. society:
Jekyll’s fear of his reputation
Jekyll goes through so much trouble to keep his relationship with Hyde a secret from society.
This is why we don’t realize Dr. Jekyll is Mr. Hyde until the very end.

Man vs. society:
Authorities trying to catch Hyde.

Man vs. supernatural:
Jekyll transforming into Hyde.
Jekyll’s ability to transform into Mr. Hyde because it is impossible and un-natural.

Man vs. nature:
Jekyll becomes weaker and weaker after every transformation.

The Picture of Dorian Gray
Internal Conflicts
Man vs. self:
Dorian’s struggle with his soul/moral negotiation.
1. Dorian sells his soul in order to gain everlasting youth and beauty yet he must live with the decay and degradation seen in his portrait
2. Due to the fact that Dorian’s sins and faults do not reflect upon him himself but on his portrait, Dorian decides to do whatever he wishes and commit whichever sins and crimes he wants
3. When his portrait become truly horrific, he decides to seek redemption yet his portrait continues to age
4. In his attempt to destroy all of his sins, Dorian destroys his portrait.

External Conflicts:

Man vs. Society:
Dorian and his reputation in society.
Dorian believes that his whole reputation comes from his beauty and youth which is why he keeps the portrait a secret. (Hides it in a secluded room in which no one can enter but him)
To redeem his soul, Dorian realizes he must confess yet refuses because he does not want to tarnish his reputation

“Confess? Did it mean that he was to confess? To give himself up and be put to death? He laughed. He felt that the idea was monstrous” (Wilde 195).

Man vs. Supernatural
Dorian’s portrait ages and grows ugly instead of him which is impossible.

Man vs. Man:
Dorian Gray and James Vane.

James Vanes believes that Dorian is responsible for his sister’s death and hates him so much that he tries to kill him.

Dorian tries to distance himself from Vane to make himself feel safe yet only feels completely safe until the death of James Vane

Man vs. Man
The relationship between Dorian, Basil and Lord Henry
Basil is completely absorbed by Dorian as Dorian is absorbed by Lord Henry.

“[Basil] knew that [he] had come face to face with someone whose mere personality was so fascinating that, if [he] allowed it to do so, it would absorb [his] whole nature, [his] whole soul, [his] very art itself” (Wilde 9).
Henry says that
“beauty is the wonder of wonders” (Wilde 23)

Lord Henry controls Dorian as he influenced Dorian to sell his soul for beauty and youth from the first time they met.

This relationship is a conflict as it negatively affects Dorian.

The relationship that the three men share is a conflict because is causes a power struggle and a fight for Dorian’s attention.

Both characters have similar concerns with their reputation in society and how it could tarnished.

The two main characters have an internal struggle. Dr. Jekyll struggles between good and evil and Dorian struggles between sin and redemption.

Both characters have a conflict with supernatural matters.

"All of a sudden he broke out in a great flame of anger, stamping with his foot, brandishing the cane, and carrying on (as the maid described it) like a madman. The old gentleman took a step back, with the air of one very much surprised and a trifle hurt; and at that Mr. Hyde broke out of all bounds and clubbed him to the earth. And next moment, with ape-like fury, he was trampling his victim under foot and hailing down a storm of blows, under which the bones were audibly shattered and the body jumped upon the roadway. At the horror of these sights and sounds, the maid fainted"
Prim yet Grim
Stevenson has used a split approach in the writing of this novel
On one hand he is writing in the Victorian era for the Victorian audience therefore everyone is well mannered and "prim"
On the other hand he writes very detailed descriptions of certain gruesome and "grim" scenes
Third Person Limited




Dr.Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
Scientific Report
The Picture of Dorian Gray
Dorian Gray
Dr.J & Mr.H
Through the eyes of Mr.Utterson
Draws out the suspense and the mystery of the novel
The reader is on the same pace as Mr.Utterson
Get an insight on how caring Mr.Utterson is to his close friends
Written in a formal way
Written as if it is a scientific report
Yet it has these vivid imagery
Short and gets to the point
The Theme of Evil
Work of Art
Victorian Era
Mr. Hyde murders a man, the same as when Dorian murders Basil
The eerie settings within both books
Third Person Point of View
Duality in Human Nature
Both characters, Dorian and Dr.Jekyll "separate" themselves
Each split has a good side and a bad side
Splits cause their downfalls
Victorian society
Dr.Jekyll and Dorian's want to stay good
Dr. Jekyll does not have to try, whereas Dorian tries multiple times and fails
Mr. Utterson's vow to not gossip with Mr. Enfield
Job reputations; well known lawyer
Reputation of status in society
The Theme of Beauty/Looks
Victorian society pressure
Dorian's obsession to look good
Mr. Hyde's appearance - affects reputation, and how society views him
The rose garden mentioned in Dorian Gray with Lord Henry and Dorian
Wrote this as a work of art with very vivid and detailed descriptions
Written in a poetic way
Written in the style of a dramatic play
Heavily character and dialogue based vs setting and world building

"From the corner of the divan of Persian saddle-bags on which he was lying, smoking, as was his custom, innumerable cigarettes, Lord Henry Wotton could just catch the gleam of the honey-sweet and honey-coloured blossoms of a laburnum, whose tremulous branches seemed hardly able to bear the burden of a beauty so flamelike as theirs; and now and then the fantastic shadows of birds in flight flitted across the long tussore-silk curtains that were stretched in front of the huge window, producing a kind of momentary Japanese effect, and making him think of those pallid, jade-faced painters of Tokyo who, through the medium of an art that is necessarily immobile, seek to convey the sense of swiftness and motion."
We see the story mainly through the lens of Dorian's opinions
We do dip into the minds of other characters from time to time
We're able to see everyone's thoughts and perspectives at very limited times of the novel
However, the narration is really thorough and complete

-Mr.Utterson hears a story about the evil doings of
Mr.Hyde, whom he is has heard from Hyde
-Neither Mr.Hyde or Dr.Jekyll will answer Mr.Uttersons
-Mr.Hyde kills Sir Danvers Carew which causes him to be a wanted man.
-Dr.Jekylls servants and Mr.Utterson break into Dr.Jekyll's lab, and discover drugs and Mr.Uttersons stolen documents
-They find Mr.Hyde dead on the floor and Dr,Jekyll nowhere to be found
-From Dr. Lanyon’s narrative, we learn that Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde are one and the same.
-Dr. Jekyll gives his firsthand account of why and how he transformed into Mr. Hyde. We also find out that he really, really liked being evil, but that his conscience would not stand for it.
Summary of Dorian Gray
-Dorian's nature is unspoiled and his exquisite outer beauty mirrors the pure inner beauty of his soul. He's as innocent as the day he was born…until Lord Henry enters the picture.
-Dorian idealistically falls in love with Sibyl, and, upon realizing the fact that she doesn't live up to his expectations, he dumps her. Sibyl kills herself.
-Over the next decade or so, he's deeply influenced by the yellow book, and consequently changes his mode of living. Though things look peachy keen on the surface, rumors start to emerge about Dorian's secret, evil deeds.
-Dorian doesn't have any feelings left for Basil, formerly his best friend; in fact, even after he kills Basil in a fit of passion, he pretty much feels like he brought it upon himself.
-Dorian is understandably shaken by Basil's murder, but not for reasons we'd expect; rather, he's terrified that he'll get caught.
-It seems as though everything has worked out for old Dorian Gray – James Vane is accidentally killed at Selby, which means that there's nobody out looking for him. He feels a profound sense of relief, and wonders if he should change his ways after all.
-After thinking that he should turn over a new life, Dorian basically says, "Screw it!" and decides to keep on going the way he's been going. However, morality triumphs, and Dorian finally receives his fate– by trying to destroy his portrait ( his soul), he kills himself.
First Person
A chapter in Lanyon's perspective
A chapter in Dr.Jekyll's perspective
Reputation was everything
Full transcript