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Transcript of Astronomy
Zeus fell in love with the beautiful Princess Europe when he saw her playing on the beach.
To impress her Zeus turned himself into a majestic bull.
Zeus approached and nudged Europe, who was fascinated by how gentle the bull was.
Europe climbed on the Bull's back
Zeus carried Europe out into the sea, and all the way to the island of Crete
Zeus revealed himself to Europe on Crete and she fell instantly in love
Zeus reproduced the shape of the white bull, used by Zeus to seduce Europa, in the stars. The brightest member of this constellation is Aldebaran, the eye, is a red giant.
App. Magn. -0.64
Temp: 4,000 K
Dis. 65Ly Best months to view are December and January
Best visible at 9 p.m during the month of January.
Around December 1, Taurus will be high enough in the eastern sky around 9pm
By the middle of January, the 'V' of Taurus will be high in the sky almost due south between around 9pm Taurus became an important object of worship among the Druids. Their Tauric religious festival was held while the Sun passed through the constellation.
In Buddhism, legends hold that Gautama Buddha was born when the Full Moon was in Taurus. Taurus is the second astrological sign in the Zodiac.
Dates: April 21 to May 21 Egyptian -
Saw Taurus as their bull-god Apis.
The Egyptians used real bulls with certain markings to embody the soul of the bull-god.
Each bull was tended by the high priests until it died, and then another was found.
Signaled the beginning of spring
This was also the time when the Nile gently overflowed, beginning of the planting season. Luminosity: 700L
App. Magn.: 1.65
Distance: 440Ly Observed by early Chinese and Arabian astronomers
These remains of a supernova have an optical pulsar in the center called the Crab Pulsar
The Crab Pulsar is a white dwarf, and the strongest object in the night sky
Gives off Gamma, and X-ray waves regularly The Hyades cluster is the closest open star cluster to our solar system at a distance of about 150 Ly.
Although it appears part of the cluster Aldebaran is not.
Contains 300-400 stars of about the same type, age, and "chemical makeup" Aka the "Seven Sisters"
Open star cluster of Type B stars 440 Ly away Drawn C. 964 Positive Traits
Patient and reliable
Warmhearted and loving
Persistent and determined
Placid and security loving
Jealous and possessive
Resentful and inflexible
Self-indulgent and greedy LIKES
Time to Ponder
Comfort and Pleasure
Being pushed too hard
Synthetic or "man made" things
Being indoors Most Compatible Zodiac Signs
Pisces the hunter Orion Mythology Astronomical Significance Visability Orion's Belt Cultural / Historical Significance Greek -
When Oenopion delayed giving his daughter Merope to him, Orion, when drunk, violated her.
Oenopion then blinded him, but his vision was restored by the rays of the sun.
The story of Orion's death has many versions.
Some state he offended Artemis, who killed him.
Others say that he became her favorite hunting companion, but offended Apollo, who sent a giant scorpion to chase Orion into the sea.
Apollo then tricked Artemis into shooting Orion.
When she discovered what she had done, she gave way to her grief and immortalized her companion and the scorpion by placing them in the heavens as constellations. The second brightest star of Orion
App. Magn: Varies .3 - 1.2
Temp: 3,600 K
Dis. 640Ly The star Bellatrix was used as a luminosity standard to compare other stars brightness International -
Hittites and Hungarians also saw Orion as a Hunter
Babylonians saw Orion as the heavenly shepherd
The Aztecs named Orion’s belt the “fire drill” Brightest Star in Orion
App. Magn: .12
Color: blue/ white,
Temp: 12,130 K
Dis. 860Ly Drawn C. 1825 Third brightest of Orion
App. Magn: 1.64
Color: Blue/ White,
Temp: 22,000 K
Dis. 250Ly ORION’S BELT –Alnilam - Blue supergiant, Lum: 375,000L
Mintaka-900Ly away, Lum: 90,000L
Alnitak- multiple star system, approximately 700Ly away Orion Nebula
One of the brightest nebulae to the naked eye
Distance: 1344Ly away
Radius 12Ly Visible in both hemispheres. Best seen in north hemisphere in winter.
Latitudes between +85° and -75° Constellations
Mythology / Astronomy /Astrology Close up of Orion's Belt