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Preparing for the Benchmark
Transcript of Preparing for the Benchmark
* Take notes while you read- Note if the title is written in a way that states the central idea or main claim right out.
* Look at the title and beginning paragraph/s for the author to tell you whether or not that claim belongs to the author himself, or if the claim belongs to someone else.
* If you can see the claim right away, write it down, and note whose claim it is.
Examine the Reasoning and Evidence
Sometimes you might not see the claim right away. Examine the evidence to see if it supports a claim.
* Note what kind/s of evidence the author uses the most.
* Write down an example of the author's evidence. Label what kind it is. (Statistic, research-based fact, etc.)
Analyze the Evidence
* If the evidence is credible and verifiable, & is based mostly on facts rather than just opinions, then the text could be either informational or argumentative.
* Check again- does the evidence support a claim?
* Check again- if there is a claim, does that claim belong to the author or someone else?
Regarding the Claim
* If there is no claim at all, and there is just a series of facts and information, then the text is informational.
* If there is a claim, but it is NOT the author's claim, the text is still informational.
* If the author states his or her own claim, the text is argumentative or persuasive.
Check the Evidence Again
* If the evidence is there for the purpose of trying to get you to agree with the author, then the text is argumentative.
* If the evidence is only there to show you that the information is reliable, credible, and verifiable, then the text is informational.
Examine Your Notes
* After you have read the article and taken these notes, the central idea and purpose of the article should be clear.
* Jot down a statement that combines central idea and purpose.
* Example: The purpose of the article was to explain how mental illness has become common.
Analyze the Evidence and Reasoning
* Is it verifiable? (You could check or look it up to see if it is true.)
* Is it credible? (The sources the author uses have a reputation for being reliable.)
* If the evidence is NOT credible or verifiable, or if it is only based upon opinion/s, then the text is NOT appealing to logic, and therefore it is persuasive.
Add to Your Notes
* At this point, you should have written down the following items while you read the article:
1. Clues from the title
2. The claim (if there is one.) And who the claim belongs to. (The author or someone else.)
3. One example of the author's evidence
4. The type of evidence that it is.
5. How the evidence supports the claim, & the text type.
Preparing for the Benchmark
Use your Notes to Create a Body Paragraph
* Second sentence- State the purpose and central idea of the text
*Third sentence- State the claim and who the claim belongs to.
Fourth sentence- State the type of evidence & reasoning the author uses the most, and then insert your example evidence.
* Fifth sentence- State how the evidence supports the claim.
* Topic sentence- Text type was used to develop central idea.
Be Open, and Use the Test Questions to Help You
* Use the test questions to help you understand the central idea, evidence, and other components of the article/s.
* The test questions could lead you to understand some things you missed while you read. It's okay to change your notes using clues from the test questions.