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Invention of the Industrial Revolution: The Telephone

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Ericka Calimoso

on 26 May 2015

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Transcript of Invention of the Industrial Revolution: The Telephone

Alexander Graham Bell was born on March 3, 1847, in Edinburgh, Scotland, and was the son and grandson of authorities in elocution and the correction of speech. He is commonly credited as the inventor of the first practical telephone.
Invention of the Industrial Revolution: The Telephone By: Ericka Calimoso

In the Industrial Revolution, many inventions were created that had led to significant impacts to society. One of these inventions included the telephone. The telephone was made in 1876 by Alexander Graham Bell.
The invention of the telephone had a great impact towards society and broadened the idea of communication. The whole point of the telephone is to instantly connect with others around the world at great distances. The telephone has made business more efficient, saved money from having to travel back and forth from distant places, and it made transactions able to occur more quickly. It has led to instant communications around the world and even led to the Internet. Communicating could never have been easier.
Today, telephones are a huge part of today’s culture. Telephones have become more and more advanced, as well they have become very popular. Nowadays it is the most common way of communication. Our modern day telephone system has made our communication system more unified, almost in real time, and has bridged the gap of long distance communication. One of the reasons, to which we can credit this growth of telephones and its usage, is the constant evolution of the device. Telephones today can really do a lot and are much more than just dialing desired numbers or answering calls. Because most of society today depends on human convenience and technological advancement, the invention and continuous evolution of the telephone, is a classic example of this.
He was a Professor of Vocal Physiology at Boston University and he trained teachers how to instruct deaf mutes how to speak, and he experimented with the phonautograph, invented by Leon Scott, and recorded the vibrations of speech. This background prepared Bell for work with spoken sound waves and electricity. This inspired him to develop his electrical speed machine or what we call, the telephone.
Bell began his experiments in 1873-1874, starting off with a harmonic telegraph. One day on June 2, 1875, Bell and his assistant, Thomas Watson, discovered that movements of the reed alone in a magnetic field could reproduce the frequencies and tone of spoken sound waves. Bell then reasoned by analogy with the phonautograph with the theory that when using a skin diaphragm, it could
reproduce sounds like the human ear when it is connected to a steel/iron reed or an armature. Bell and Watson continued on with their experiments until one day, on March 10, 1876, Bell's greatest success was achieved. This did not only mark the birth of the telephone but the death of the multiple telegraphs as well. The communicating potential, contained in his demonstration of being able to "talk with electricity,” far outweighed anything that simply increasing the capability of a dot-and-dash system could imply.
The Phonautograph -
the earliest known device for recording sound.
Alexander Graham Bell demonstrates speaking into the telephone using a model prototype in 1876.
The Evolution of Telephones
Full transcript